Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Diversity of bird feeding guilds in relation to habitat heterogeneity and land-use cover in a human-modified landscape in southern Mexico

  • Esteban Pineda-Diez de Bonilla (a1), Jorge L. León-Cortés (a1) and José Luis Rangel-Salazar (a1)

Abstract:

Habitat heterogeneity is an important ecological determinant of species richness. We evaluated the diversity within bird feeding guilds as related to habitat heterogeneity and land-use cover in a human-modified tropical landscape. To quantify this process, fine-scale bird census and habitat heterogeneity data were collected for a bird community in a 22.5-km2 fragmented landscape in southern Mexico. Land-use cover data derived from field surveys were used to calculate habitat heterogeneity index values and the extent of each land-use cover type in 239 grid cells of 300 × 300 m. Bird diversity values were obtained based on 1195 point-counts in these cells. Product-moment correlations and linear regression analyses were used to evaluate the relationship between bird-guild diversity values and habitat heterogeneity. A total of 109 resident bird species grouped in six feeding guilds were recorded: insectivores (42%), frugivores (21%), granivores (17%), nectarivores (9%), omnivores (8%) and carnivores (3%). Diversity values for the entire bird community were significantly positively related to habitat heterogeneity, but feeding guilds showed contrasting responses to habitat heterogeneity and the amount of land-use cover: insectivores and frugivores were more diverse and abundant in secondary forests than in any other land-cover. Our findings illustrate the importance of small landscape fragments as potential key refuges for the most diverse and specialized feeding guilds, such as granivores and insectivores.

Copyright

Corresponding author

1Corresponding author. Email: jleon@ecosur.mx

References

Hide All
ANDERSON, D. L. 2001. Landscape heterogeneity and diurnal raptor diversity in Honduras: the role of indigenous shifting cultivation. Biotropica 33:511519.
ANSELIN, L., SYABRI, I. & KHO, Y. 2005. GeoDa: an introduction to spatial data analysis. Geographical Analysis 38:522.
ARELLANO, L., LEÓN–CORTÉS, J. L. & HALFFTER, G. 2008. Response of dung beetle assemblages to landscape structure in remnant natural and modified habitats in southern Mexico. Insect Conservation and Diversity 1:253262.
BAILEY, S. A., HORNER-DEVINE, M. C., LUCK, G., MOORE, L. A., CARMEY, K. M., ANDERSON, S., BETRUS, C. & FLEISHMAN, E. 2004. Primary productivity and species richness: relationships among functional guilds, residency groups and vagility classes at multiple spatial scales. Ecography 27:207217.
BASCOMPTE, J. & RODRÍGUEZ, M. A. 2001. Habitat patchiness and plant species richness. Ecology Letters 4:417420.
BLAKE, J. G. & LOISELLE, B. A. 2001. Bird assemblages in second-growth and old-growth forests, Costa Rica: perspectives from mist nets and point counts. Auk 118:304326
BREEDLOVE, D. E. 1981. Flora of Chiapas. Part 1. Introduction to the Flora of Chiapas. The California Academy of Sciences. 35 pp.
BUCKLAND, S. T. 2006. Point transect surveys for songbirds: robust methodologies. Auk 123:345357.
CABALLERO, U. & LEÓN-CORTÉS, J. L. 2012. High diversity beetle assemblages attracted to carrion and dung in threatened tropical oak forests in Southern Mexico. Journal of Insect Conservation. DOI: 10.1007/s10841-011-9439-y
CLERGEAU, P., JOKIMÄKI, J. & SAVARD, J. L. 2001. Are urban bird communities influenced by the bird diversity of adjacent landscapes? Journal of Applied Ecology 38:11221134.
CRAMER, M. J. & WILLIG, M. R. 2005. Habitat heterogeneity, species diversity and null models.Oikos 108:209218.
ESTRADA, A., CAMMARANO, P. & COATES-ESTRADA, R. 2000. Bird species richness in vegetation fences and in strips of residual rain forest vegetation at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 9:13991416.
FAHRIG, L. & NUTTLE, W. K. 2005. Population ecology in spatially heterogeneous environments. Pp. 95118 in Lovett, G. M., Turner, M. G., Jones, C. G. & Weathers, K. C. (eds.). Ecosystem function in heterogeneous landscapes. Springer-Verlag, New York.
FARAWAY, J. J. 2004. Linear models with R. Chapman and Hall/CRC, Boca Raton. 229 pp.
FERRER, M. & DONAZAR, J. R. A. 1996. Density dependent fecundity by habitat heterogeneity in an increasing population of Spanish Imperial Eagle. Ecology 77:6974.
GARDNER, T. A., BARLOW, J., CHAZDON, R., EWERS, R. M., HARVEY, C. A., PERES, C. A. & SODHI, N. S. 2009. Prospects for tropical forest biodiversity in a human-modified world. Ecology Letters 12:561582.
GORDON, C. E. & ORNELAS, J. F. 2000. Comparing endemism and habitat restriction in Mesoamerican tropical deciduous forest birds: implications for biodiversity conservation planning. Bird Conservation International 10:289303.
GRAHAM, C. H. & BLAKE, J. G. 2001. Influence of patch- and landscape-level factors on bird assemblages in a fragmented tropical landscape. Ecological Applications 11:17091721.
GRAY, M. A., BALDAUF, S. L., MAYHEW, P. J. & HILL, J. K. 2006. The response of avian feeding guilds to tropical forest disturbance. Conservation Biology 21:133141.
HOWELL, S. N. & WEBB, S. 1995. A guide to the birds of Méxco and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
HUTTO, R. L., PLETSCHET, S. M. & HENDRICKS, P. 1986. A fixed- radius point count method for nonbreeding and breeding season use. Auk 103:593602.
INEGI. 2001. Ortofotos E15C59D, E15C59E, escala 1:75,000. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Sistema Nacional Estadístico y de Información Geográfica. México.
KEITT, T. H., BJØRNSTAD, O. N., DIXON, P. N. & CITRON-POUSTY, C. 2002. Accounting for spatial pattern when modeling organism environment interactions. Ecography 25:616625.
KOH, C.-N., LEE, P.-F. & LIN, R.-S. 2006. Bird species richness patterns of northern Taiwan: primary productivity, human population density, and habitat heterogeneity. Diversity and Distributions 12:546554.
KREBS, J. R., WILSON, J. D., BRADBURY, R. B. & SIRIWARDENA, G. M. 1999. The second Silent Spring? Nature 400:611612.
LEÓN-CORTÉS, J. L., PÉREZ-ESPINOZA, F., MARÍN, L. & MOLINA-MARTÍNEZ, A. 2004. Complex habitat requirements and conservation needs of the only extant Baroniinae swallowtail butterfly. Animal Conservation 7:241250.
LUCK, G. W. & DAILY, G. C. 2003. Tropical countryside bird assemblages: richness, composition and foraging differ by landscape context. Ecological Applications 13:235247.
MCDONALD, J. H. 2009. Handbook of biological statistics. (Second edition). Sparky House Publishing, Baltimore. 287 pp.
MCINTYRE, G. A. 1953. Estimation of plant density using line transects. Journal of Ecology 41:319330.
O'NEILL, R. V., KRUMMEL, J. R., GARDNER, R. H., SUGIHARA, G., JACKSON, B., DEANGELIS, D. L., MILNE, B. T., TURNER, M. G., ZYGMUNT, B., CHRISTENSEN, S., DALE, V. H. & GRAHAM, R. L. 1988. Indices of landscape pattern. Landscape Ecology 1:153162.
ORNELAS, J. F., ARIZMENDI, M. C., NAVARIJO, M. L. & BERLANGA, H. A. 1993. Variability profiles for line transect bird censuses in a tropical dry forest in Mexico. Condor 95:422441.
PICKETT, S. T. A. & CADENASSO, M. L. 1995. Landscape ecology: spatial heterogeneity in ecological systems. Science 269:331334.
PINKUS-RENDÓN, M. A., LEÓN-CORTÉS, J. L. & IBARRA-NÚÑEZ, G. 2006. Spider diversity in a tropical habitat gradient in Chiapas, Mexico. Diversity and Distributions 12:6169.
RANGEL-SALAZAR, J. L., ENRÍQUEZ, R. P. L. & WILL, T. 2005. Diversidad de aves en Chiapas: prioridades de investigación para su conservación. Pp. 195249 in González-Espinosa, M., Ramírez-Marcial, N. & Ruiz-Montoya, L. (eds.). Diversidad biológica de Chiapas. Plaza y Valdés/ECOSUR/COCYTECH, México.
SCALES, B. R. & MARSDEN, S. J. 2008. Biodiversity in small-scale tropical agroforests: a review of species richness and abundance shifts and the factors influencing them. Environmental Conservation 35:160172.
SEKERCIOGLU, C. H. 2006. Ecological significance of bird populations. Pp. 1534 in Del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. & Christie, D. (eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world – Volume 11: Old world flycatchers to old world warblers. Lynx, Barcelona.
SEKERCIOGLU, C. H., DAILY, G. C. & EHRLICH, P. R. 2004. Ecosystem consequences of bird declines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101:1804218047.
SIRAMI, C., BROTONS, L. & MARTIN, J. 2008. Spatial extent of bird species response to landscape changes: colonization/extinction dynamics at the community-level in two contrasting habitats. Ecography 31:509518.
SOBERÓN, J. M. & LLORENTE, J. B. 1993. The use of species accumulation functions for the prediction of species richness. Conservation Biology 7:480488.
TEWS, J., BROSE, U., GRIMM, V., TIELBÖRGER, K., WICHMANN, M. C., SCHWAGER, M. & JELTSCH, F. 2004. Animal species diversity driven by habitat heterogeneity/diversity: the importance of keystone structures. Journal of Biogeography 31:7992.
TSCHARNTKE, T., KLEIN, A. M., KRUESS, A., STEFFAN-DEWENTER, I. & THIES, C. 2005. Landscape perspectives on agricultural intensification and biodiversity – ecosystem service management. Ecology Letters 8:857874.
TSCHARNTKE, T., SEKERCIOGLU, C. H., DIETSCH, T. V., SODHI, N. S., HOEHNAND, P. & TYLIANAKIS, J. M. 2008. Landscape constraints on functional diversity of birds and insects in tropical agroecosystems. Ecology 89:944951.
TYLIANAKIS, J. M., RAND, T. A., KAHMEN, A., KLEIN, A.-M., BUCHMANN, N., PERNER, J. & TSCHARNTKE, T. 2008. Resource heterogeneity moderates the biodiversity-function relationship in real world ecosystems. Public Library of Sciences Biology 6:e122.
WHITTINGHAM, M. J., STEPHENS, P. A., BRADBURY, R. B. & FRECKLETON, R. P. 2006. Why do we still use stepwise modelling in ecology and behaviour? Journal of Animal Ecology 75:11821189.
ZAR, J. H. 2010. Biostatistical analysis. (Fifth edition). Pearson Education Inc., Upper Saddle River. 944 pp.

Keywords

Diversity of bird feeding guilds in relation to habitat heterogeneity and land-use cover in a human-modified landscape in southern Mexico

  • Esteban Pineda-Diez de Bonilla (a1), Jorge L. León-Cortés (a1) and José Luis Rangel-Salazar (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed