Skip to main content Accessibility help

A comparative study of cerrado (sensu stricto) vegetation in Central Brazil

  • Jeanine Maria Felfili (a1) and Manoel Claudio da Silva (a2)


Floristic and structural comparisons and a numerical classification were performed to identify the priority areas for conservation of genetic resources in central Brazil. The main type of woody vegetation, cerrado sensu stricto (savanna woodland with 10–60% tree cover), was sampled under a uniform methodology in six selected sites (total sample of 6 ha) scattered in a physiographic unit called the Pratinha Plateau located between 15–20° S and 46–49° W. A total of 6971 trees belonging to 139 species and 42 families was measured. Each site had a combination of 50–80 species and approximately 30 families but only 22 species from 14 families were common to all sites. Similarity decreased with distance, indicating the existence of geographical gradients as the physical characteristics were relatively uniform and the soils were dystrophic at all sites. The most dissimilar sites, in the localities of Patrocínio-MG and Paracatu-MG were recommended for the establishment of conservation units. The already existent conservation units arc all clumped in the Federal District and are not enough to protect the genetic heritage of the plateau. Floristics and phytosociological surveys based on land system zoning were recommended as useful tools in planning conservation areas at a regional level to preserve the maximum biodiversity.



Hide All
Cavassan, O., Cesar, O. & Martins, F. R. 1984. Fitossociologia da vegetação arbórea da Reserva Estadual de Baurú, estado de Sāo Paulo. Revista Brasileira de Botânica 7:91106.
Cochrane, T. T., Sanchez, L. G., Azevedo, L. G., Porras, J. A. & Garver, C. L. 1985. Landin tropical America. CIAT-EMBRAPA-CPAC, Cali. (3 vol)
Cole, M. M. 1986. The savannas: biogeography and geobotany. Academic Press, London. 438 pp.
Curtis, J. T. & McIntosh, R. P. 1950. The interrelations of certain analytic and synthetic phytosociological characters. Ecology 31(3):434455.
Curtis, J. T. & McIntosh, R. P. 1951. An upland continuum in the prairie-forest border region of Wisconsin. Ecology 32(3):476496.
Dias, B. F. de S 1990. A conservaçāo da natureza. Pp. 583640 in Novaes Pinto, M. (ed.). Cerrado: caracterizaçāo, ocupaçāo e perspectivas. Editora Universidade de Brasília, Brasília.
Eiten, G. 1972. The cerrado vegetation of Brazil. Botanical Review 38:201341.
Eiten, G. 1978. Delimitation of the cerrado concept. Vegetatio 36(3): 169178.
Felfili, J. M. & JrSilva, M. C. 1988. Distribuiçāo dos diametros numa faixa de cerrado na Fazenda Água Limpa (FAL) in Brasília-DF. Acta Botanica Brasilica: 2(1–2):85104.
Freese, F. 1962. Elementary forest sampling. USDA. 91 pp.
Gauch, H. G. 1982. Multivariate analysis in community ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 298 pp.
Gibbs, P. E., Leitāo Filho, H. F. & Shepherd, G. 1983. Floristic composition and community structure in an area of cerrado in SE Brazil. Flora 173:433449.
Haridasan, M. & Araújo, G. M. 1988. Aluminum-accumulating species in two forest communities in the cerrado region of central Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management. 24:1526.
Hill, H. O. 1979. TWINSPAN – a FORTRAN program for arranging multivariate data in an ordered two-way table by classification of individuals and attributes. Section of Ecology and Systematics, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY. 90 pp.
Ludwig, J. A. & Reynolds, J. F. 1988. Statistical ecology. A primer on methods and computing. New York: J. Wiley & Sons. 337 pp.
Medina, E. 1987. Nutrients: requirements, conservation and cycles in the herbaceous layer. Pp. 3967 in Walker, B. W. (ed.). Determinants of savannas. IUBS monographs series no. 3. IRL Press, Oxford.
Montgomery, R. F. & Askew, G. P. 1983. Soils of tropical savannas. Pp. 6378 in Bourliere, F. (ed.). Tropical savannas. Ecosystems of the world. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Oliveira-Filho, A. T., Shepherd, G. J., Martins, F. R. & Stubblebine, W. R. 1989. Environmental factors affecting physiognomic and floristic variation in an area of cerrado in central Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology 5:413431.
Ratter, J. A. 1986. Notas sobre a vegetação da Fazcnda Água Limpa (Brasília, DF, Brazil). Editora UnB, Textos Universitários n. 003, Brasília. 136 pp.
Ratter, J. A. 1987. Notes on the vegetation of the Parque Nacional do Araguaia (Brazil). Notes of the Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh 44:311342.
Ratter, J. A. 1991. The conservation situation of the Brazilian cerrado vegetation. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. 19 pp. (Technical report for WWF).
Ratter, A. & Dargie, T. C. D. 1992. An analysis of the floristic composition of 26 cerrado areas in Brazil. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 49(2):235250.
Ratter, J. A., Leitao Filho, H. F., Argent, G., Gibbs, P. E., Semir, J., Shepherd, G. & Tamashiro, J. 1988. Floristic composition and community structure of a southern cerrado area in Brazil. Notes of the Royal Botanic Garden of Edinburgh 45(1):137151.
Ratter, J. A., Richards, P. W., Argent, G. & Gifford, D. R. 1973. Observations on the vegetation of northeastern Mato Grosso. 1. The woody vegetation types of the Xavantina-Cachimbo expedition area. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 226:449492.
Rizzini, C. T. 1979. Tratado de fitogeografia do Brasil: aspectos sociológies e florísticos. Vol. 2. HUCITEC e EDUSP, Sāo Paulo. 373 pp.
Silva, A. F. & Leitáo Filho, H. F. 1982. Composição floristica e estrutura de um trecho de mata Atlāntica de encosta, Ubatuba (Sāo Paulo, Brazil). Revista Brasileira de Botânica 5:4352.


A comparative study of cerrado (sensu stricto) vegetation in Central Brazil

  • Jeanine Maria Felfili (a1) and Manoel Claudio da Silva (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed