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Tibetan √lan ‘reply’

  • NATHAN W. HILL (a1) and ABEL ZADOKS (a2)
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.

Extract

Recognising the parallelism between the conjugation of a verb such as √lug ‘pour’ (pres. ldug, past blugs, fut. blug, imp. lhugs ‘pour’ and a verb such as √kru ‘wash’ (ḥkhrud, bkrus, bkru, khrus), Li Fang-Kuei suggests deriving the present stem ldug from a reconstruction *ḥlug (1933: 149). In this sub-case of Conrady's law, the change of *ḥl to ld- may be analyzed into the following changes: *ḥl > *ḥdl > *ḥld > ld (cf. Conrady 1896: 59, Li 1933: 149, Hill 2011: 446–447, Hill 2013: 193–195). This sound change obscures the synchronic relationship between verb forms beginning with ld- and other present formations, and the resultant synchronic opacity gives rise to analogical forms (e.g. the alternate present blug). Consequently, the dictionaries present a certain level of confusion about the paradigms of lateral initial verbs.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

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Conrady, August (1896). Eine indochinesische Causativ-Denominativ-Bildung und ihr Zusammenhang mit den Tonaccenten. Leipzig: O. Harrassowitz.
Eimer, Helmut (1987). “Eine alttibetische Perfektbildung.” Indo-Iranian Journal 30, pp. 213214.
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Hill, Nathan W. (2005). “The verb ’bri ‘to write’ in Old Tibetan.” Journal of Asian and African Studies 68, pp. 177182.
Hill, Nathan W. (2010). A Lexicon of Tibetan Verb Stems as Reported by the Grammatical Tradition. Munich: Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
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Hill, Nathan W. (2013). “Relative order of Tibetan sound changes affecting laterals.” Language and Linguistics 14.1, pp. 193209.
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Jäschke, Heinrich August (1881). A Tibetan-English dictionary. London: Unger Brothers.
de Jong, Jan Willem (1973). “Tibetan blag-pa and blags-pa.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 36.2, pp. 309312.
de Jong, Jan Willem (1989). The story of Rāma in Tibet: text and translation of the Tun-huang manuscripts. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner.
Li, Fang-Kuei (1933). “Certain Phonetic Influences of the Tibetan Prefixes upon the Root Initials.” Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica 6.2, pp. 135157.
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Zeisler, Bettina (2004). Relative tense and aspectual values in Tibetan languages: a comparative study. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

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Tibetan √lan ‘reply’

  • NATHAN W. HILL (a1) and ABEL ZADOKS (a2)
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.

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