1 Exactly who was “Chinese” and who not is also a debatable question.
2 Chinese Hanhua 漢化
6 Mackerras, C. (ed. and trans.), The Uighur Empire According to the T'ang Dynastic Histories: a study in Sino-Uighur relations 744 – 840 (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1972), p. 63.
10 胡. In the case of An Lushan, it certainly means Sogdian, but, at this period, it more generally referred to Central Asians of Eastern Iranian or Indo-Iranic type.
11 Xu, Liu 劉昫, et al. (eds), Jiu Tang shu 舊唐書, 16 vols. (Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju 中華書局, 1975), vol. 10, juan 卷 104, p. 3213.
12 The Old History of the Tang Dynasty (Jiu Tang shu) and the Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government (Zizhi tongjian 資治通鉴).
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