Bertness, M.D., Gaines, S.D., Stephens, E.G. & Yund, P.O., 1992. Components of recruitment in populations of the acorn barnacle Semibalanus balanoides (Linnaeus). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 156, 199–215.
Bourget, E., 1988. Barnacle larval settlement: the perception of cues at different spatial scales. In Behavioural adaptation to intertidal life (ed. G., Chelazzi and M., Vannini), pp. 153–172. London: Plenum Press.
Characklis, W.G., Zelver, N. & Turakhia, M., 1984. Microbial films and energy losses. In Marine biodeterioration: an interdisciplinary study (ed. J.D., Costlow and R.C., Tipper), pp. 75–81. London: E. & F.C. Spon.
Christensen, B.E. & Characklis, W.G., 1990. Physical and chemical properties of biofilms. In Biofilms (ed. W.G., Characklis and K.C., Marshall), pp. 93–130. Chichester: John Wiley.
Crisp, D.J., 1958. The spread of Elminius modestus Darwin in north-west Europe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37, 483–520.
Crisp, D.J., 1990. Gregariousness and systematic affinity in some North Carolinian barnacles. Bulletin of Marine Science, 47, 516–525.
Crisp, D.J. & Meadows, P.S., 1963. Adsorbed layers: the stimulus to settlement in barnacles. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 158, 364–387.
Dudderidge, J.E., Kent, C.A. & Laws, J.F., 1982. Effect of surface shear stress on the attachment of Pseudomonas fluorescens to stainless steel under defined flow conditions. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 24, 153–164.
Foster, B.A., 1987. Barnacle ecology and adaptation. In Barnacle biology (ed. A.J., Southward), pp. 113–133. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema. [Crustacean Issues 5.]
Holm, E.R., 1990. Effects of density-dependent mortality on the relationship between recruitment and larval settlement. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 60, 141–146.
Knight-Jones, E.W., 1953. Laboratory experiments on gregarious settling in Balanus balanoides and other barnacles. Journal of Experimental Biology, 30, 584–598.
Knight-Jones, E.W. & Waugh, G.D., 1949. On the larval development of Elminius modestus Darwin. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 28, 413–428.
Lau, Y.L. & Liu, D., 1993. Effect of flow rate on biofilm accumulation in open channels. Water Research, 27, 355–360.
Le Tourneaux, F. & Bourget, E., 1988. The importance of physical and biological cues used at different spatial scales by the larvae of the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides. Marine Biology, 97, 57–66.
Maki, J.S., Rittschof, D., Costlow, J.D. & Mitchell, R., 1988. Inhibition of attachment of larval barnacles, Balanus amphitrite, by bacterial surface films. Marine Biology, 97, 199–206.
Maki, J.S., Rittschof, D., Samuelsson, M.-O., Szewzyk, U., Yule, A.B., Kjelleberg, S., Costlow, J.D. & Mitchell, R., 1990. Effect of marine bacteria and their exopolymers on the attachment of barnacle cypris larvae. Bulletin of Marine Science, 46, 499–511.
Moyse, J., 1960. Mass rearing of barnacle cyprids in the laboratory. Nature, London, 185, 120.
Neal, A.L. & Yule, A.B., 1992. The link between cypris temporary adhesion and settlement of Balanus balanoides (L.). Biofouling, 6, 33–38.
Newell, R.C., 1979. Biology of intertidal animals. Faversham: Marine Ecological Surveys Ltd.
Norris, E. & Crisp, D.J., 1953. The distribution and planktonic stages of the cirripede Balanus perforatus (Bruguiere). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 123, 393–409.
Rainbow, P.S., 1984. An introduction to the biology of British littoral barnacles. Field Studies, 6, 1–51.
Rittman, B.E., 1982. The effect of shear stress on biofilm loss rate. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 24, 501–506.
Santos, R., Callow, M.E. & Bott, T.R., 1991. The structure of Pseudomonas flourescens biofilms in contact with flowing systems. Biofouling, 4, 319–336.
Trulear, M.G. & Characklis, W.G., 1982. Dynamics of biofilm processes. Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, 54, 1288–1301.
Walne, P.R., 1966. Experiments in large-scale culture of the larvae of Ostrea edulis L. Fishery Investigations, Series 2. MAFF. London, 25, 53.
Whillis, J.A., Yule, A.B. & Crisp, D.J., 1990. Settlement of Chthamalus montagui Southward cyprids on barnacle arthropodin. Biofouling, 2, 95–99.
Yonge, C.M., 1966. The sea shore. London: W. Collins.
Yule, A.B., 1984. The effect of temperature on the swimming activity of barnacle nauplii. Marine Biology Letters, 5, 1–11.
Yule, A.B. & Crisp, D.J., 1983. Adhesion of cypris larvae of the barnacle, Balanus balanoides, to clean and arthropodin treated surfaces. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 63, 261–271.
Yule, A.B. & Walker, G., 1984. The temporary adhesion of barnacle cyprids: effects of some differing surface characteristics. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 64, 429–439.