Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The tenacity of Elminius modestus and Balanus perforatus cyprids to bacterial films grown under different shear regimes

  • A. L. Neal (a1) and A. B. Yule (a1)

Extract

The tenacity of cypris larvae of the barnacles (Crustacea: Cirripedia) Balanus perforatus (Bruguiere) and Elminius modestus Darwin was measured on multispecies biofilms developed under contrasting shear regimes. For both species, relatively thin, dense biofilms associated with high shear (83 s-1) afforded increased tenacity over relatively thick, less dense films associated with low shear (15 s-1). Although both species showed reduced tenacity on low-shear films compared to high-shear films, E. modestus cyprids attached as strongly to low-shear films as they did to unfilmed surfaces. Balanus perforatus cyprids, however, attached less strongly to low-shear films than to unfilmed surfaces. The results show that B. perforatus and E. modestus may appreciate differences in bacterial communi-ties grown under different shear conditions and highlight the potential for biofilms as one of the many cues to barnacle settlement.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bertness, M.D., Gaines, S.D., Stephens, E.G. & Yund, P.O., 1992. Components of recruitment in populations of the acorn barnacle Semibalanus balanoides (Linnaeus). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 156, 199215.
Bourget, E., 1988. Barnacle larval settlement: the perception of cues at different spatial scales. In Behavioural adaptation to intertidal life (ed. G., Chelazzi and M., Vannini), pp. 153172. London: Plenum Press.
Characklis, W.G., Zelver, N. & Turakhia, M., 1984. Microbial films and energy losses. In Marine biodeterioration: an interdisciplinary study (ed. J.D., Costlow and R.C., Tipper), pp. 7581. London: E. & F.C. Spon.
Christensen, B.E. & Characklis, W.G., 1990. Physical and chemical properties of biofilms. In Biofilms (ed. W.G., Characklis and K.C., Marshall), pp. 93130. Chichester: John Wiley.
Crisp, D.J., 1958. The spread of Elminius modestus Darwin in north-west Europe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37, 483520.
Crisp, D.J., 1990. Gregariousness and systematic affinity in some North Carolinian barnacles. Bulletin of Marine Science, 47, 516525.
Crisp, D.J. & Meadows, P.S., 1963. Adsorbed layers: the stimulus to settlement in barnacles. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 158, 364387.
Dudderidge, J.E., Kent, C.A. & Laws, J.F., 1982. Effect of surface shear stress on the attachment of Pseudomonas fluorescens to stainless steel under defined flow conditions. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 24, 153164.
Foster, B.A., 1987. Barnacle ecology and adaptation. In Barnacle biology (ed. A.J., Southward), pp. 113133. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema. [Crustacean Issues 5.]
Holm, E.R., 1990. Effects of density-dependent mortality on the relationship between recruitment and larval settlement. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 60, 141146.
Knight-Jones, E.W., 1953. Laboratory experiments on gregarious settling in Balanus balanoides and other barnacles. Journal of Experimental Biology, 30, 584598.
Knight-Jones, E.W. & Waugh, G.D., 1949. On the larval development of Elminius modestus Darwin. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 28, 413428.
Lau, Y.L. & Liu, D., 1993. Effect of flow rate on biofilm accumulation in open channels. Water Research, 27, 355360.
Le Tourneaux, F. & Bourget, E., 1988. The importance of physical and biological cues used at different spatial scales by the larvae of the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides. Marine Biology, 97, 5766.
Maki, J.S., Rittschof, D., Costlow, J.D. & Mitchell, R., 1988. Inhibition of attachment of larval barnacles, Balanus amphitrite, by bacterial surface films. Marine Biology, 97, 199206.
Maki, J.S., Rittschof, D., Samuelsson, M.-O., Szewzyk, U., Yule, A.B., Kjelleberg, S., Costlow, J.D. & Mitchell, R., 1990. Effect of marine bacteria and their exopolymers on the attachment of barnacle cypris larvae. Bulletin of Marine Science, 46, 499511.
Moyse, J., 1960. Mass rearing of barnacle cyprids in the laboratory. Nature, London, 185, 120.
Neal, A.L. & Yule, A.B., 1992. The link between cypris temporary adhesion and settlement of Balanus balanoides (L.). Biofouling, 6, 3338.
Newell, R.C., 1979. Biology of intertidal animals. Faversham: Marine Ecological Surveys Ltd.
Norris, E. & Crisp, D.J., 1953. The distribution and planktonic stages of the cirripede Balanus perforatus (Bruguiere). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 123, 393409.
Rainbow, P.S., 1984. An introduction to the biology of British littoral barnacles. Field Studies, 6, 151.
Rittman, B.E., 1982. The effect of shear stress on biofilm loss rate. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 24, 501506.
Santos, R., Callow, M.E. & Bott, T.R., 1991. The structure of Pseudomonas flourescens biofilms in contact with flowing systems. Biofouling, 4, 319336.
Trulear, M.G. & Characklis, W.G., 1982. Dynamics of biofilm processes. Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, 54, 12881301.
Walne, P.R., 1966. Experiments in large-scale culture of the larvae of Ostrea edulis L. Fishery Investigations, Series 2. MAFF. London, 25, 53.
Whillis, J.A., Yule, A.B. & Crisp, D.J., 1990. Settlement of Chthamalus montagui Southward cyprids on barnacle arthropodin. Biofouling, 2, 9599.
Yonge, C.M., 1966. The sea shore. London: W. Collins.
Yule, A.B., 1984. The effect of temperature on the swimming activity of barnacle nauplii. Marine Biology Letters, 5, 111.
Yule, A.B. & Crisp, D.J., 1983. Adhesion of cypris larvae of the barnacle, Balanus balanoides, to clean and arthropodin treated surfaces. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 63, 261271.
Yule, A.B. & Walker, G., 1984. The temporary adhesion of barnacle cyprids: effects of some differing surface characteristics. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 64, 429439.

The tenacity of Elminius modestus and Balanus perforatus cyprids to bacterial films grown under different shear regimes

  • A. L. Neal (a1) and A. B. Yule (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed