Skip to main content Accessibility help

Scanning electron microscopy of the fourth antennular segment of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite

  • A.S. Clare (a1) and J.A. Nott (a2)


Despite extensive studies on settlement of the cypris larva of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite Darwin (Crustacea: Cirripedia), the fine structure of the putative settlement receptors of this species has not been described. This study presents observations made with the scanning electron microscope of the fourth antennular segment and its associated setae.



Hide All
Ache, B.W. & Derby, Cd., 1985. Functional organization of olfaction in crustaceans. Trends in Neurosciences, 8, 356360.
Arkett, S.A., Chia, F.-S., Goldberg, J.I. & Koss, R., 1989. Identified settlement receptor cells in a nudibranch veliger respond to specific cue. Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 176, 155160.
Barlow, L.A., 1990. Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of larvae of the red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) to settlement-inducing substances. Bulletin of Marine Science, 46, 537554.
Clare, A.S., Freet, R.K. & McClary, M. Jr, 1994 a. On the antennular secretion of the cyprid of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite, and its role as a settlement pheromone. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74, 243250.
Clare, A.S., Rittschof, D. & Costlow, J.D. Jr, 1992. Effects of the nonsteroidal ecdysone mimic RH 5849 on larval crustaceans. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 262, 436440.
Clare, A.S., Ward, S.C., Rittschof, D. & Wilbur, K.M., 1994 b. Growth increments of the barnacle Balanus amphitrite amphitrite Darwin (Cirripedia). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 14, 2735.
Crisp, D.J., 1990. Gregariousness and systematic affinity in some North Carolinian barnacles. Bulletin of Marine Science, 47, 516525.
Crisp, D.J. & Meadows, P.S., 1962. The chemical basis of gregariousness in cirripedes. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 156, 500520.
Crisp, D.J. & Meadows, P.S., 1963. Adsorbed layers: the stimulus to settlement in barnacles. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 158, 364387.
Dineen, J.F. Jr & Hines, A.H., 1992. Interactive effects of salinity and adult extract upon settlement of the estuarine barnacle Balanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 156, 239252.
Gibson, P.H. & Nott, J.A., 1971. Concerning the fourth antennular segment of the cypris larva of Balanus balanoides. In Fourth European marine biology symposium. Larval biology: light in the marine environment (ed. Crisp, D.J.), pp. 227236. Cambridge University Press.
Hallberg, E., Johansson, K.U.I. & Elofsson, R., 1992. The aesthetasc concept structural variations of putative olfactory receptor cell complexes in Crustacea. Microscopy Research and Technique, 22, 325335.
Knight-Jones, E.W., 1953. Laboratory experiments on gregariousness during setting in Balanus balanoides and other barnacles. Journal of Experimental Biology, 30, 584598.
Knight-Jones, E.W., 1955. The gregarious setting reaction of barnacles as a measure of systematic affinity. Nature, London, 175, 266.
Nott, J.A., 1969. Settlement of barnacle larvae: surface structure of the antennular attachment disc by scanning electron microscopy. Marine Biology, 2, 248251.
Nott, J.A. & Foster, B.A., 1969. On the structure of the antennular attachment organ of the cypris larva of Balanus balanoides (L.). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B), 256, 115134.
Pawlik, J.R., 1992. Induction of marine invertebrate larval settlement: evidence for chemical cues. In Ecological roles of marine natural products (ed. Paul, V.J.), pp. 189236. Ithaca and London: Comstock Publishing Associates.
Rittschof, D., Branscomb, E.S. & Costlow, J.D., 1984. Settlement and behavior in relation to flow and surface in larval barnacle, Balanus amphitrite Darwin. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 82, 131146.
Rittschof, D., Clare, A.S., Gerhart, D.J., Avelin, Sister Mary & Bonaventura, J., 1992. Barnacle in vitro assays for biologically active substances: toxicity and settlement inhibition assays using mass cultured Balanus amphitrite amphitrite Darwin. Biofouling, 6,115122.
Schmitt, B.C. & Ache, B.W., 1979. Olfaction: responses of a decapod crustacean are enhanced by flicking. Science, New York, 205, 204206.
Walker, G., 1992. Cirripedia. In Microscopic anatomy of invertebrates, vol. 9. Crustacea (ed. Harrison, F.W. and Humes, A.G.), pp. 249311. New York: Wiley-Liss Inc.
Whillis, J.A., Yule, A.B. & Crisp, D.J., 1990. Settlement of Chthamalus montagui Southward cyprids on barnacle arthropodin. Biofouling, 2, 9599.
Yule, A.B. & Crisp, D.J., 1983. Adhesion of cypris larvae of the barnacle, Balanus balanoides, to clean and arthropodin treated surfaces. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 63, 261271.

Scanning electron microscopy of the fourth antennular segment of Balanus amphitrite amphitrite

  • A.S. Clare (a1) and J.A. Nott (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed