Skip to main content Accessibility help

The Genus Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida) From The English Channel

  • Robert P. Higgins (a1)


The English Channel was the site of the discovery of the phylum Kinorhyncha in 1841 by the French zoologist Felix Dujardin. Although initially reported from St Malo, Rennes, and Paris by Dujardin (1851), St Vaast la Hougue, France was the site from which the first species, Echinoderes dujardinii Claparede, 1863 was described 12 years later. Since then, E. dujardinii has been reported from many localities in northern Europe as well as from the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and the Canary Islands (cf. Higgins, 1983). Reports of this species from various North Pacific Ocean localities are either incorrect or higher questionable (Higgins, 1983).



Hide All
Claparède, E., 1863. Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte zvirbelloser Tiere an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. 120 pp. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Dujardin, F., 1851. Sur un petit animal marin, l'Echinodère, formant un type intérmediate entre les Crustacés et les Vers. Annales des sciences naturelles (Zoologie), 15, 158160.
Greeff, R., 1869. Untersuchungen über einige merkwürdige Formen des Arthropoden- und Wurm-Typus. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 35 (1), 71100.
Higgins, R. P., 1960. A new species of Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha) from Puget Sound. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 79, 8591.
Higgins, R. P., 1964. Three new kinorhynchs from the North Carolina coast. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, 14, 479493.
Higgins, R. P., 1966. Faunistic studies in the Red Sea (in winter, 1961–1962). Part II. Kinorhynchs from the area of Al-Ghardaqa. Zoologisches Jahrbücher (Abteilung Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere), 93, 118126.
Higgins, R. P., 1977a. Redescription of Echinoderes dujardinii (Kinorhyncha) with descriptions of closely related species. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, no. 248, 26 pp.
Higgins, R. P., 1977b. Two new species of Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha) from South Carolina. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 96, 340354.
Higgins, R. P., 1978. Echinoderes gerardi n.sp. and E. riedli (Kinorhyncha) from the Gulf of Tunis. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 97, 171180.
Higgins, R. P., 1983. The Atlantic Barrier Reef ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, II. Kinorhyncha. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, no. 18, 131 pp.
Higgins, R. P. & Rao, G. C., 1979. Kinorhynchs from the Andaman Islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 67, 7585.
Krishnaswamy, S., 1962. Occurrence of Echinoderella (Echinodereda) off Plymouth. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 5(49), 6163.
Kristensen, R. M., 1983. Loricifera, a new phylum with aschelminthes characters from the meiobenthos. Zeitschrift fur die zoologische systematik und Evolutionsforschung, 21, 163180.
Kristensen, R. M. & Higgins, R. P., 1984. A new family of Arthrotardigrada (Tardigrada: Heterotardigrada) from the Atlantic coast of Florida, U.S.A. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 103, 295311.
Lang, K., 1949. Echinoderida. Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–03, 4 (2), 122.
McIntyre, A. D., 1962. The class Kinorhyncha (Echinoderida) in British waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 42, 503—509.
Marinov, T., 1964. On the microzoobenthos fauna of the Black Sea (Kinorhyncha and Halacaridae). Bulletin of the Institute of Fish Culture and Fisheries, Varna KH, 4, 6171. (In Bulgarian with English summary.)
Metschnikoff, E., 1865. Ueber einige wenig bekannte niedere Thierformen. Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 15, 450463.
Nyholm, K.-G., 1947. Studies in the Echinoderida. Arkiv for zoologi, 39A (14), 36 pp.
Pagenstecher, H. A., 1875. Echinoderes Sieboldii. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, supplement 25 (S), 117123.
Panceri, P., 1876. Osservazioni intorno a nuove forme di Vermi Nematodi marini. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche, 7 (10), 19.
Remane, A., 1928. Kinorhyncha. Tierwelt der Nord-und Ostsee, 7 (d2), 5784.
Remane, A., 1936. Gastrotricha und Kinorhyncha. In Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs, vol. 4 (sec. 2, pt 1, no. 2) (ed. H. G., Bronn), pp. 243385. Leipzig.
Schepotieff, A., 1907. Zur Systematik der Nematoideen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 31, 132161.
Schmidt, P., 1974. Interstitielle Fauna von Galapagos. X. Kinorhyncha. Mikrofauna des Meeresbodens, 43, 15 pp.
Southern, R., 1914. Nemathelmia, Kinorhyncha and Chaetognatha. Clare Island Survey, Part 54. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 31, 1—80.
Zelinka, C., 1928. Monographie der Echinodera. 396 pp. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.

The Genus Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida) From The English Channel

  • Robert P. Higgins (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed