Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Gametogenic cycle of the tropical vermetids Eualetes tulipa and Dendropoma corrodens (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Vermetidae)

  • Patricia Miloslavich (a1), Eduardo Klein (a1) and Pablo Penchaszadeh (a2)

Abstract

The population density, annual gametogenic cycle, and size at sexual maturity of two vermetid species, Eualetes tulipa (invasive) and Dendropoma corrodens was studied in the southern Caribbean at the Planta Centro power plant intake channel and at Punta Mayorquina, Morrocoy National Park, respectively. Minimal size of mature females of E. tulipa and D. corrodens was 5.0 and 0.7 cm in body length respectively. The gonad represented between 44 to 47% of total body length, while it represented between 15 to 18% of total body volume (for both males and females). Gonad volume was significantly related to total body volume. A significant quadratic relationship between the number of capsules and female body volume was obtained for E. tulipa, indicating that females measuring 6–10 cm in body length are those that have the highest number of egg capsules. Females larger than 11 cm have a lower fecundity in terms of brooded capsules. Gonad sections of males and females of both species showed that several gametogenesis stages are simultaneous within the same individual. In the female, germ cells, oogoniums and primary oocytes with yolk granules were observed simultaneously. In the male, the spermatogonium, primary and secondary spermatocytes, spermatids and sperm cells were also observed within one gonad. The same pattern was observed throughout the year, showing no maturation/resting period or annual cycle. The area covered by D. corrodens was about 700 m2 with a mean density of 13,000 ind/m2. The area covered by the invasive E. tulipa was at least about 1000 m2, with a density of 27,000 to 29,000 ind/m2 in the first 3 m of depth. A follow up of the E. tulipa population showed that its density is increasing in time and has doubled in 20 years. This population increment could be related to an increase in organic suspended matter as evidenced in the region.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: P. Miloslavich, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Apartado Postal 89.000, Caracas 1080, Venezuela email: pmilos@usb.ve

References

Hide All
Bandel, K. (1975) Das Embryonalgehause karibischer Meso- und Neogastropoden (Mollusca). Akademie der Wissensschaften und der Literatur, Mainz 1, 1133.
Bandel, K. (1976) Observations on spawn, embryonic development and ecology of some Caribbean lower mesogastropoda. The Veliger 18, 249271.
Barroso, C.M. and Moreira, M.H. (1998) Reproductive cycle of Nassarius reticulatus in the Ria de Aveiro, Portugal: implications for imposex studies. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 78, 12331246.
Bieler, R. (1996) Mörch's worm-snail taxa (Caenogastropoda: Vermetidae, Siliquariidae, Turritellidae). American Malacological Bulletin 13, 2335.
Birkeland, C. (1977) The importance of the rate of biomass accumulation in early successional stages of benthic communities to the survival of coral recruits. In Taylor, D.L. (ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium, Miami, Florida, Volume 1: Biology. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Research, pp. 1521.
Birkeland, C. (1987) Nutrient availability as a major determinant of differences among coastal hard-substratum communities in different regions of the tropics. In Birkeland, C. (ed.) Comparison between Atlantic and Pacific tropical marine coastal ecosystems: community structure, ecological processes, and productivity. UNESCO Reports in Marine Science, 46, pp. 4398.
Calvo, M. (1999) Biología reproductora de tres especies de la familia Vermetidae (mollusca: Gastropoda) de las costas mediterráneas de la Península Ibérica. PhD thesis. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Calvo, M., Templado, J. and Penchaszadeh, P.E. (1998) Reproductive biology of the gregarious Mediterranean vermetid gastropod Dendropoma petraeum. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 78, 525549.
Calvo, M. and Templado, J. (2004a) Reproduction and development in a vermetid gastropod, Vermetus triquetrus. Invertebrate Biology 123, 289303.
Calvo, M. and Templado, J. (2004b) Reproduction and sex reversal of the solitary vermetid gastropod Serpulorbis arenarius. Marine Biology 146, 963973.
Calvo, M., Templado, J., Oliverio, M. and Machordom, A. (2009) Hidden Mediterranean biodiversity: molecular evidence for a cryptic species complex within the reef building vermetid gastropod Dendropoma petraeum (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 96, 898912.
Chaparro, O.R., Oyarzun, R.F., Vergara, A.M. and Thompson, R.J. (1999) Energy investment in nurse eggs and egg capsules in Crepidula dilatata Lamarck (Gastropoda, Calyptraeidae) and its influence on the hatching size of the juvenile. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 232: 261274.
Chenu, J.C. (1842–1853) Illustrations conchyliologiques ou description et figures de toutes les coquilles connues vivantes et fossiles, classées suivant le système de Lamarck modifié d'après les progrès de la science et comprenant les genres nouveaux et les espèces rècemment découvertes. Paris: A. Franck.
Chollet, I. and Bone, D. (2007) Effects of heavy rainfall on polychaetes: differential spatial patterns generated by a large-scale disturbance. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 340, 113125.
Coles, S.L. and Eldredge, L.G. (2002) Nonindigenous species introductions on coral reefs: A need for information. Pacific Science 56, 191209.
Coles, S.L., DeFelice, R.C. and Eldredge, L.G. (2002) Nonindigenous marine species at Waikîkî and HawaìI Kai, ÒAhu, HawaìI. Final Report prepared for the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and the State of Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources, Honolulu. Bishop Museum Technical Report No. 25, 245 pp.
D'Orbigny, A. (1841) Mollusques—histoire physique, Politique et Naturelle de l'île de Cuba 1. Paris: Arthus Bertrand, pp. 1240.
Díaz, J.M. and Puyana, M. (1994) Moluscos del Caribe Colombiano. Un catálogo ilustrado. 1st edition. Colombia: Colciencias-Fundación Natura–INVEMAR.
Gendron, L. (1992) Determination of the size at sexual maturity of the waved whelk Buccinum undatum Linnaeus, 1758, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, as a basis for the establishment of a minimum catchable size. Journal of Shellfish Research 11, 17.
Giménez, J. and Penchaszadeh, P.E. (2002) Reproductive cycle of Zidona dufresnei (Caenogastropoda: Volutidae) from the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Marine Biology 140, 755761.
Giménez, J. and Penchaszadeh, P.E. (2003) Size at first sexual maturity in Zidona dufresnei (Caenogastropoda: Volutidae) of the south-western Atlantic Ocean (Mar del Plata, Argentina). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83, 293296.
Gould, S.J. (1994) Petaloconchus sculpturatus alaminatus, a new Pliocene subspecies of Vermetid gastropods lacking its defining generic character, with comments on Vermetid systematics in general. Journal of Paleontology 68, 10251036.
Hadfield, M.G., Kay, E.A., Gillete, M.U. and Lloyd, M.C. (1972) The Vermetidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of the Hawaiian Islands. International Journal on Life in Oceans and Coastal Waters 12, 8198.
Harding, J.M., Mann, R. and Kiduff, C.W. (2007) The effects of female size on fecundity in a large marine gastropod Rapana venosa (Muricidae). Journal of Shellfish Research 26, 3342.
Heller, J. (1993) Hermaphroditism in molluscs. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 48, 1942.
Himmelman, J.H. and Hamel, J.F. (1993) Diet, behaviour and reproduction of the whelk Buccinum undatum in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, eastern Canada. Marine Biology 116, 423430.
Hodgson, A.N. and Eckelbarger, K. (2000) Ultrastructure of the ovary and oogenesis in six species of patellid limpets (Gastropoda: Patellogastropoda) from South Africa. Invertebrate Biology 119, 265277.
Hughes, R.N. (1979) Notes on the reproductive strategies of the South African vermetid gastropods Dendropoma corallinaceum and Serpulorbis natalensis. The Veliger 21, 423427.
Hughes, R.N. and Lewis, A.H. (1974) On the distribution, feeding and reproduction of the vermetid gastropod Dendropoma maxima. Journal of Zoology, London 172, 531547.
Jaeckle, W.B. (1995) Variation in the size, energy content, and biochemical composition of invertebrate eggs: correlates to the mode of larval development, In McEdward, L. (ed.) Ecology of marine invertebrate larvae. CRC Marine Science Series 6, pp. 4977.
Keen, A.M. (1961) A proposed reclassification of the gastropod family Vermetidae. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Zoology) 7, 183214, pls. 54–55.
Keen, M. (1971) Sea-shells of tropical west America (marine mollusks from Baja California to Peru). 2nd edition. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Lee, J.H. (1999) Gametogenesis and reproductive cycle of the rock shell, Reishia (Thais) clavigera (Neogastropoda: Muricidae), on the west coast of Korea. Korean Journal of Biological Sciences 3, 375383.
Losada, F., Martín, A., Feragotto, W. and Alamo, C. (1988) Interacciones biológicas en el canal de toma de la planta termoeléctrica del centro en Punta Morón, Venezuela. Ecotrópicos 1, 5570.
Marshall, D.J. and Keough, M.J. (2008) The evolutionary ecology of offspring size in marine invertebrates. Advances in Marine Biology 53, 160.
Martel, A., Larrivée, D.H., Klein, K.R. and Himmelman, J.H. (1986a) Reproductive cycle and seasonal feeding activity of the neogastropod Buccinum undatum. Marine Biology 74, 7378.
Martel, A., Larrivée, D.H., Klein, K.R. and Himmelman, J.H. (1986b) Behaviour and timing of copulation and egg-laying in the neogastropod Buccinum undatum L. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 96, 2742.
Miloslavich, P. (1987) Biología y estrategias reproductivas de Vermetus sp. y Dendropoma corrodens, dos especies pertenecientes a la familia Vermetidae (Gasterópodos, Prosobranquios). Licenciatura thesis. Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Venezuela.
Miloslavich, P. and Dufresne, L. (1994) Development and effect of female size on egg and juvenile production in the neogastropod Buccinum cyaneum from the Saguenay fjord. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51, 28662872.
Miloslavich, P. and Penchaszadeh, P.E. (1992) Reproductive biology of Vermetus sp. and Dendropoma corrodens (Orbigny, 1842): two Venezuelan gastropods from the Southern Caribbean. The Veliger 35, 7888.
Miloslavich, P., Penchaszadeh, P.E. and Klein, E. (2003) Reproduction of Crepidula navicula Morch, 1877 and Crepidula aplysioides Reeve, 1859 (Caenogastropoda) from Morrocoy and La Restinga Lagoon, Venezuela. The Nautilus 117, 121134.
Morton, J.E. (1951) The structure and adaptations of the New Zealand Vermetidae. Part I. The genus Serpulorbis. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 79, 119.
Morton, J.E. (1965) Form and function in the evolution of the Vermetidae. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 11, 585630.
Odriozola, A.L., Varela, R., Hu, C., Astor, Y., Lorenzoni, L. and Müller-Karger, F.E. (2007) On the absorption of light in the Orinoco River plume. Continental Shelf Research 27, 14471464.
Oehlmann, J., Fioroni, P., Stroben, E. and Market, B. (1996) Tributyltin (TBT) effects on Ocinebra aciculata (Gastropoda: Muricidae): imposex development, sterilization, sex change and population decline. The Science of the Total Environment 188, 205223.
Oliver, A.P.H. (1975) Hamlyn guide to shells of the world. London: Hamlyn.
Penchaszadeh, P., León, C.A., Alvarez, H., Bone, D., Castellano, P., Castillo, M.M., Díaz, Y., García, M.P., Lemus, M., Losada, F., Martín, A., Miloslavich, P., Paredes, C., Pérez, D., Sebastiani, M., Stecconi, D., Roa, V. and Villamizar, A. (2000) The coastline of Venezuela. In Sheppard, C. (ed.) Seas at the millennium. An environmental evaluation. University of Warwick, UK, Volume I: Europe, The Americas and West Africa, pp. 643661.
Perron, F. (1983) Growth, fecundity and mortality of Conus pennaceus in Hawaii. Ecology 64, 5362.
Ray, G.L. (2005) Invasive marine and estuarine animals of Hawaii and other Pacific Islands. Aquatic Nuisance Species Research Program, ERDC/TN ANSRP-05-3, 19 pp.
Ramírez-Llodra, E. (2002) Fecundity and life-history strategies in marine invertebrates. Advances in Marine Biology 43, 87170.
Ramón, M. and Amor, M.J. (2002) Reproductive cycle of Bolinus brandaris and penis and genital duct size variations in a population affected by imposex. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82, 435442.
Schiaparelli, S., Albertelli, G. and Cattaneo-Vietti, R. (2006) Phenotypic plasticity of Vermetidae suspension feeding: a potential bias in their use as biological sea-level indicators. Marine Ecology 27, 4453.
Schluker, A. (2003) State of Hawaii Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan. The Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources, The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii, 205 pp.
Strathmann, M.F. and Strathmann, R.R. (2006) A Vermetid gastropod with complex intracapsular cannibalism of nurse eggs and sibling larvae and a high potential for invasion. Pacific Science 60, 97108.
Tello, J. (1975) Catálogo de la fauna venezolana VIII. Mollusca. Caracas, Venezuela: Arte.
Tetrault, F., Himmelman, J.H. and Measures, L. (2000) Impact of a castrating trematode, Neophasis sp., on the common whelk Buccinum undatum in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole 198, 261271.
Vega, A.J. and González, A. (2002) Moluscos del Pacífico Veraguense. Tecnociencia 4, 145.

Keywords

Gametogenic cycle of the tropical vermetids Eualetes tulipa and Dendropoma corrodens (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Vermetidae)

  • Patricia Miloslavich (a1), Eduardo Klein (a1) and Pablo Penchaszadeh (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed