Skip to main content Accessibility help

Carbohydrates in some marine planktonic animals

  • J. E. G. Raymont (a1) and S. Krishnaswamy (a1)


There have been few analyses of the fat, protein and carbohydrate fractions in zooplankton, and owing to the difficulty of sorting large numbers of single species, the majority of the earlier determinations were necessarily carried out on mixed zooplankton hauls (Brandt, 1898; Brandt & Raben, 1919; Moberg, 1926; Wimpenny, 1929; Drummond & Gunther, 1934; Vinogradov, 1953). Most of these analyses suggested a relatively high protein and fat content, and this was confirmed by Orr (1934 a), who investigated the chemical composition of a single species, Calanus finmarchicus. Orr's result gave fat, protein and chitin as 20–40,35–50 and 3%, respectively of dry weight. Similar high values were also reported by Orr (1934 b) for Euchaeta norvegica. The carbohydrate content was not, however, estimated in either of Orr's investigations since large numbers of animals would have been required. Brandt (1898), after analysing mixed plankton hauls which were predominantly copepods, suggested a carbohydrate content of ca. 20%.



Hide All

Brand, T. VonWeinstein, P. P.Mehlman, B. & Weinbach, E. C. 1952. Observations on the metabolism of bacteria-free larvae of Trichinella spiralis. Exp. ParasitoL., Vol. 1, pp. 245–55.

Brandt, K. 1898. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der chemischen Zusammensetzung des Planktons. Wiss. Meeresuntersuch., Ab. Kiel, N.F. Bd. 3, pp. 4390.

Brandt, K. & Raben, E. 1919. Zur Kenntniss der chemischen Zusammensetzung des Planktons und einiger Bodenorganismen. Wiss. Meeresuntersuch., Ab. Kiel, N.F. Bd. 19, pp. 175210. (1919–22.)

Collyer, D. M. 1957. Variability and glycogen reserves in the newly liberated larvae of Ostrea edulis L. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 36, pp. 335–7.

Cooper, L. H. N. 1939. Phosphorus, nitrogen, iron and manganese in marine zoo-plankton. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 23, pp. 387–90.

Drummond, J. C. & Gunther, E. R. 1934. Observations on the fatty constituents of marine plankton. III. The vitamin A and D content of oils derived from plankton. J. exp. Biol., Vol. 11, pp. 203–9.

Greenfield, L. J. 1953. Observations on the nitrogen and glycogen content of Teredo (Lyrodus) pedicellata de Quatrefages at Miami, Florida. Bull. mar. Sci. Gulf Carib., Vol. 2, pp. 486–96.

Hemmingsen, A. M. 1924. Blood sugar of some invertebrates. Skand. Arch. Physiol., Bd. 45, pp. 204–10.

Kemp, A.Van Kits Heijningen, A. J. M. 1954. A colorimetric micromethod for the determination of glycogen in tissues. Biochem. J., Vol. 56, pp. 646–8.

Kleinholz, L. H. & Little, B. C. 1949. Studies in the regulation of blood-sugar concentration in crustaceans. I. Normal values and experimental hyperglycemia in Libinia emarginata. Biol. Bull., Woods Hole, Vol. 96, pp. 218–27.

Kumagawa, M. & Suto, K. 1908. Ein neues Verfahren zur quantitativen Bestim-mung des Fettes und der unverseifbaren Substanzen in tierischem Material nebst der Kritik einiger gebraeuchlichen Methoden. Biochem. Z., Bd. 8, pp. 212347.

Lane, C. E.Posner, G. S. & Greenfield, L. J. 1952. The distribution of glycogen in the shipworm Teredo (Lyrodus) pedicellata Quatrefages. Bull. mar. Sci. Gulf Carib., Vol. 2, pp. 385–92.

Lucas, C. E. 1936. On certain inter-relations between phytoplankton and zooplankton under experimental conditions. J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, Vol. 11, pp. 343–62.

Marshall, S. M. & Orr, A. P. 1955. The Biology of a Marine Copepod. 188 pp. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.

Mendel, B.Kemp, A. & Myers, D. K. 1954. A colorimetric micromethod for the determination of glucose. Biochem. J., Vol. 56, pp. 639–46.

Moberg, E. G. 1926. Chemical composition of marine plankton. Proc. 3rd Pan-Pacific Sci. Congr. Tokyo, pp. 233–6.

Orr, A. P. 1934a. On the biology of Calanus finmarchicus. Part IV. Seasonal changes in the weight and chemical composition in Loch Fyne. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 19, pp. 613–32.

Orr, A. P. 1934b. The weight and chemical composition of Euchaeta norvegica Boeck. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinb., B, Vol. 54, pp. 51–5.

Tattersall, W. M. & Tattersall, O. S. 1951. The British Mysidacea. 460 pp. London: Ray Soc.

Vinogradov, A. P. 1953. The elementary chemical composition of marine organisms. Mem. Sears Foundation for Marine Research, No. 2, 647 pp.

Wimpenny, R. S. 1929. Preliminary observations on the fat-content of the plankton on the English herring grounds in the North Sea. Fish. Invest., Land., Ser. 2, Vol. 11, No. 5, 23 pp.

Zeuthen, E. 1955. Comparative physiology (respiration). Annu. Rev. Physiol., Vol. 17, pp. 459–82.

Carbohydrates in some marine planktonic animals

  • J. E. G. Raymont (a1) and S. Krishnaswamy (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed