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A new species of the commercially harvested jellyfish Crambionella (Scyphozoa) from central Java, Indonesia with remarks on the fisheries

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 November 2014

Jun Nishikawa
Affiliation:
School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University, 3-20-1, Orido, Shimizu, Shizuoka 424-8610, Japan
Susumu Ohtsuka
Affiliation:
Takehara Marine Science Station, Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University, 5-8-1 Minato-machi, Takehara, Hiroshima 725-0024, Japan
Mulyadi
Affiliation:
Division of Zoology, Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km. 46 Cibinong, 16911Indonesia
Nova Mujiono
Affiliation:
Division of Zoology, Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Raya Jakarta-Bogor Km. 46 Cibinong, 16911Indonesia
Dhugal J. Lindsay
Affiliation:
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan
Hiroomi Miyamoto
Affiliation:
School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University, 3-20-1, Orido, Shimizu, Shizuoka 424-8610, Japan
Shuhei Nishida
Affiliation:
School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University, 3-20-1, Orido, Shimizu, Shizuoka 424-8610, Japan
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

We describe a new species of Crambionella, C. helmbiru, from central Java, Indonesia. The combination of the mean number of lappets per octant (14), presence of foliaceous appendages amongst frills on oral-arms, absence of tubercles on the velar lappets, proportion of terminal club length to oral-arm length (0.28), and the body colour distinguish this species from three previously described congeners. In addition, the analysis of partial sequences of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene indicate substantial genetic differences from both Crambionella orsini and Crambionella stuhlmanni, supporting the validity of this new species. A combination of morphological and genetic approaches determined that the remarkable differences in exumbrellar colours observed in specimens are simply intra-specific variation. Surprisingly, this species has been commercially harvested for more than 20 years and is well-known to the local people in the region, yet it had remained unknown to science until this point. The commercial fisheries targeting this formerly unknown species are also described in detail.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2014 

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A new species of the commercially harvested jellyfish Crambionella (Scyphozoa) from central Java, Indonesia with remarks on the fisheries
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