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Movements of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in the Gulf of California: integrating satellite telemetry and remotely sensed environmental variables

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 July 2020

Alejandra G. Sandoval-Lugo
Affiliation:
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR- SINALOA, Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico Grupo Tortuguero de las Californias A.C., La Paz, B.C.S., Mexico
T. Leticia Espinosa-Carreón
Affiliation:
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR- SINALOA, Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico
Jeffrey A. Seminoff
Affiliation:
NOAA-Southwest Fisheries Science Center, La Jolla, California, USA
Catherine E. Hart
Affiliation:
Grupo Tortuguero de las Californias A.C., La Paz, B.C.S., Mexico Investigación, Capacitación y Soluciones Ambientas y Sociales A.C. Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico
César P. Ley-Quiñónez
Affiliation:
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR- SINALOA, Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico Grupo Tortuguero de las Californias A.C., La Paz, B.C.S., Mexico
A. Alonso Aguirre
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA
T. Todd Jones
Affiliation:
NOAA- Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Alan A. Zavala-Norzagaray*
Affiliation:
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CIIDIR- SINALOA, Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico Grupo Tortuguero de las Californias A.C., La Paz, B.C.S., Mexico
*
Author for correspondence: Alan A. Zavala-Norzagaray, E-mail: anorzaga@gmail.com

Abstract

The loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) is a circumglobal species and is listed as vulnerable globally. The North Pacific population nests in Japan and migrates to the Central North Pacific and Pacific coast of North America to feed. In the Mexican Pacific, records of loggerhead presence are largely restricted to the Gulf of Ulloa along the Baja California Peninsula, where very high fisheries by-catch mortality has been reported. Records of loggerhead turtles within the Sea of Cortez also known as the Gulf of California (GC) exist; however, their ecology in this region is poorly understood. We used satellite tracking and an environmental variable analysis (chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) and sea surface temperature (SST)) to determine movements and habitat use of five juvenile loggerhead turtles ranging in straight carapace length from 62.7–68.3 cm (mean: 66.7 ± 2.3 cm). Satellite tracking durations ranged from 73–293 days (mean: 149 ± 62.5 days), transmissions per turtle from 14–1006 (mean: 462 ± 379.5 transmissions) and total travel distance from 1237–5222 km (mean: 3118 ± 1490.7 km). We used travel rate analyses to identify five foraging areas in the GC, which occurred mainly in waters from 10–80 m deep, with mean Chl-a concentrations ranging from 0.28–13.14 mg m−3 and SST ranging from 27.8–34.4°C. This is the first study to describe loggerhead movements in the Gulf of California and our data suggest that loggerhead foraging movements are performed in areas with eutrophic levels of Chl-a.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2020

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Movements of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in the Gulf of California: integrating satellite telemetry and remotely sensed environmental variables
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