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Brooding and sperm storage by the deep-sea squid Bathyteuthis berryi (Cephalopoda: Decapodiformes)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 February 2012

Stephanie L. Bush*
Affiliation:
University of Rhode Island, Department of Biological Sciences, 120 Flagg Road, Kingston, RI 02881 Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Road, Moss Landing, CA 95039
Hendrik J. T. Hoving
Affiliation:
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Road, Moss Landing, CA 95039
Christine L. Huffard
Affiliation:
Conservation International, 2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22202
Bruce H. Robison
Affiliation:
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, 7700 Sandholdt Road, Moss Landing, CA 95039
Louis D. Zeidberg
Affiliation:
California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Region, 20 Lower Ragsdale Drive, Suite 100, Monterey, CA 93940, USA
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: S.L. Bush, University of Rhode Island, Department of Biological Sciences, 120 Flagg Road, Kingston, RI 02881 email: stephanie_bush@mail.uri.edu

Abstract

Squids of the family Bathyteuthidae have generally been infrequently encountered in their deep-sea habitat. Remotely operated vehicles were used to observe seven individuals in situ in the Monterey Submarine Canyon, CA, USA. One of these was a female Bathyteuthis berryi holding a sheet with approximately 360 embedded embryos. Examination of this female after collection revealed the presence of a seminal receptacle on the buccal membrane. We present some potential costs and benefits of post-spawning egg care, a strategy that is now known for two families of deep-dwelling squids, but may turn out to be more common with the increasing exploration of the deep sea.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2012

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Bush et al. supplementary movie

Supplemental Video 1. Female Bathyteuthis berryi maintaining neutral bouyancy and undulating the fins while brooding a sheet of approximately 360 embryos at 1350 m depth.

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Supplementary figures and tables

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Brooding and sperm storage by the deep-sea squid Bathyteuthis berryi (Cephalopoda: Decapodiformes)
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