Skip to main content Accessibility help

The dialect of Maastricht

  • Carlos Gussenhoven (a1) and Flor Aarts


Maastricht (Mosae Trajectum in Roman times) is the capital of the Dutch province of Limburg and one of the oldest cities in the Netherlands. Situated in the extreme south, close to the Belgian border, the city is fairly small, with a population of just over 120,000. Maastricht enjoys a world-wide reputation as the place where the Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1992. The dialect of Maastricht belongs to the south-eastern dialect group (Weijnen 1966: §§ 166, 173), which shares a number of properties with dialects in Belgium and Germany. A more recent classification (Belemans, Kruijsen & van Keymeulen 1998) assigns the dialect to Central Limburgian, which comprises seven subgroups in the Netherlands and Belgium, more particularly to Trichterlands. Two earlier descriptions are Houben (1905), which is historically oriented, and van Buuren (1991).



Hide All
Belemans, R., Kruusen, J. & Keymeulen, J. van (1998). Gebiedsindeling van de zuidelijk-Nederlandse dialecten. Taal en Tongval 50, 2542.
Boersma, P. & Weenink, D. (19922000): Praat, a system for doing phonetics by computer,
Bot, K. De, Cox, A. & Weltens, B. (1990). De perceptie van sleeptoon en stoottoon in het Maastrichts., Gramma 14, 221234.
Buuren, L. Van (1991). A study of quantity in Mestreechs. York Papers in Linguistics 15, 251280.
Endepols, H. J. E. (1955). Woordenboek of Diksjenaer van 't Mestreechs. Maastricht: Boosten & Stols.
Gussenhoven, C. (1999). Dutch. Handbook of the International Phonetic Association. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 7477. [Reprinted with minor revisions from Journal of the International Phonetic Association 22, 45–47.’
Gussenhoven, C. (2000). The lexical tone contrast of Roermond Dutch in Optimality Theory. In Home, M. (editor), Intonation: Theory and Experiment. Amsterdam: Kluwer. 129167. [ROA Optimality Archive 382.]
Gussenhoven, C. & Vliet, P. van der (1999). The phonology of tone and intonation in the Dutch dialect of Venlo. Journal of Linguistics 35, 99135.
Heumans, L. & Gussenhoven, C. (1998). The dialect of Weert. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 28, 101112.
Houben, J.H.H. (1905). Het Dialect der Stad Maastricht. Maastricht: Leiter-Nypels.
Ladd, D. R. (1996). Intonational Phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Münstermann, H. (1986). De vitaliteit van het Maastrichts. Resultaten van een onderzoek naar functionele en structurele aspecten van taalverlies. Taal en Tongval 38, 109127.
Münstermann, H. (1992). Het Maastrichts een stadsdialect? Taal en Tongval Themanummer 5, 96113.
Münstermann, H. & Hagen, A. (1986). Functional and structural aspects of dialect loss: A research plan and some first results. In Weltens, B., de Bot, K. and van Els, T. (editors), Language Attrition in Progress. Dordrecht: Foris. 7596.
Schmidt, J.E. (1986). Die mittelfränkischen Tonakzente (Rheinische Akzentuierung). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.
Tans, J.G.H. (1938). Isoglossen rond Maastricht in de dialecten van Belgisch en Nederlandsch Zuid-Limburg. Maastricht: van Aelst.
Weijnen, A. (1966). Nederlandse Dialectkunde. 2nd Edition. Assen: van Gorcum.
Type Description Title
Sound files

Gussenhoven and Aarts sound files
Sound files zip. These audio files are licensed to the IPA by their authors and accompany the phonetic descriptions published in the Journal of the International Phonetic Association. The audio files may be downloaded for personal use but may not be incorporated in another product without the permission of Cambridge University Press

 Unknown (16.3 MB)
16.3 MB

The dialect of Maastricht

  • Carlos Gussenhoven (a1) and Flor Aarts


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed