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In a recent paper, Gross and Reeder study the arithmetic properties of discrete Langlands parameters for semi-simple -adic groups, and they conjecture that a special class of these – the simple wild parameters – should correspond to -packets consisting of simple supercuspidal representations. We provide a construction of this correspondence, and show that the simple wild -packets satisfy many expected properties. In particular, they admit a description in terms of the Langlands dual group, and contain a unique generic element for a fixed Whittaker datum. Moreover, we prove their stability on an open subset of the regular semi-simple elements, and show that they satisfy a natural compatibility with respect to unramified base-change.
We study the arithmetic of abelian varieties over where is an arbitrary field. The main result relates Mordell–Weil groups of certain Jacobians over to homomorphisms of other Jacobians over . Our methods also yield completely explicit points on elliptic curves with unbounded rank over and a new construction of elliptic curves with moderately high rank over .
Let be a field complete with respect to a discrete valuation whose residue field is perfect of characteristic . We prove that every smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve of genus one defined over with a non-zero divisor of degree a power of has a solvable point over .
Linear differential algebraic groups (LDAGs) measure differential algebraic dependencies among solutions of linear differential and difference equations with parameters, for which LDAGs are Galois groups. Differential representation theory is a key to developing algorithms computing these groups. In the rational representation theory of algebraic groups, one starts with and tori to develop the rest of the theory. In this paper, we give an explicit description of differential representations of tori and differential extensions of irreducible representation of . In these extensions, the two irreducible representations can be non-isomorphic. This is in contrast to differential representations of tori, which turn out to be direct sums of isotypic representations.
Given a quasi-hereditary algebra , we present conditions which guarantee that the algebra obtained by grading by its radical filtration is Koszul and at the same time inherits the quasi-hereditary property and other good Lie-theoretic properties that might possess. The method involves working with a pair consisting of a quasi-hereditary algebra and a (positively) graded subalgebra . The algebra arises as a quotient of by a defining ideal of . Along the way, we also show that the standard (Weyl) modules for have a structure as graded modules for . These results are applied to obtain new information about the finite dimensional algebras (e.g., the -Schur algebras) which arise as quotients of quantum enveloping algebras. Further applications, perhaps the most penetrating, yield results for the finite dimensional algebras associated with semisimple algebraic groups in positive characteristic . These results require, at least at present, considerable restrictions on the size of .