Steve Fraser, The Age of Acquiescence: The Life and Death of American Resistance to Organized Wealth and Power (New York: Little Brown, 2015).
To be sure, scholars such as Jim Livingston and Martin Sklar have vigorously contested this narrative. See, for example, Martin J. Sklar, The United States as a Developing Country: Studies in U.S. History in the Progressive Era and the 1920s (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992); and
Livingston, Jim, “How the Left Has Won: Or, Why Is There Still Socialism in the United States,” Jacobin
7–8 (Summer 2012), https://
For two historians' intriguing takes on how to view Sanders's socialism in historical perspective, see Eric Foner, “How Bernie Sanders Should Talk about Democratic Socialism,” The Nation, Oct. 21, 2015; and Leon Fink, “‘Liberal’? No. ‘Progressive’? Nah. How About ‘Democratic Socialist’?,” In These Times, Feb. 9, 2016. The documentary, “Eugene Debs: Trade Unionist, Socialist, Revolutionary,” (1979) is available at https://
Catherine Rampell, “Millenials Have a Higher Opinion of Socialism than of Capitalism,” Washington Post, Feb. 5, 2016.
Jennifer Schuessler, “In History Departments, It's Up With Capitalism,” New York Times, Apr. 6, 2013.
James Hohmann, “The Daily 202: Bernie Sanders Has a Eugene V. Debs Problem,” Washington Post, Jan. 22, 2016. Our gratitude to Tom Alter for allowing us to use this reversal that he first developed for his forthcoming dissertation. See Thomas E. Alter II, “Dirt Farmer Internationalists: The Meitzen Family, Three Generations of Farmer-Labor Radicals, 1848–1932,” (PhD diss., University of Illinois at Chicago, 2016).