Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Epistemic Pluralism: From Systems to Stances

  • JONARDON GANERI (a1)

Abstract

Drawing on insights from the epistemological work of the Jaina philosophers of classical India, I argue in defense of epistemic pluralism, the view that there are different but equally valid ways of knowing the world. The version of epistemic pluralism I defend is stance pluralism, a pluralism about epistemic stances or perspectives, understood to be policies or stratagems of knowing. I reject the view that the correct way to characterize epistemic pluralism is as consisting in a pluralism about epistemic systems.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Epistemic Pluralism: From Systems to Stances
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Epistemic Pluralism: From Systems to Stances
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Epistemic Pluralism: From Systems to Stances
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Footnotes

Hide All

I thank the following for their feedback on earlier versions of this essay: Miranda Fricker, Duncan Pritchard, Paul Boghossian, Annalisa Coliva, Karine Chemla, Mizumoto Masaharu, Bana Bashour, Monika Kirloskar-Steinbach, Timothy Williamson, and Stephen Stich. I have presented some of the ideas in workshops at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (Paris), Azim Premji University (Bangalore), Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Kanazawa), and the University of California, Irvine, and I thank all the audiences for their comments.

This article is the third in a special series of commissioned articles on non-Western philosophies. The second article ‘The Thought Experimental Method: Avicenna's Flying Man Argument’, by Peter Adamson and Fedor Benevich, appeared in Volume 4, Issue 2, pp. 147–164.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Balcerowicz, Piotr. (2001) Jaina Epistemology in Historical and Comparative Perspective. Critical Edition and English Translation of Logical-Epistemological Treatises: Nyāyāvatāra, Nyāyāvatāra-vivṛti and Nyāyāvatāra-ṭippana. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner. [NA; NAV]
Bhattacharya, Kamaleswar, Johnson, E. H., and Kunst, Arnold. (1978) The Dialectical Method of Nāgārjuna: Vigrahavyāvartanī. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. [VV]
Boghossian, Paul. (2006) Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cetina, Karin. (1999) Epistemic Cultures: How the Sciences Make Knowledge. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Chakravartty, Anjan. (2004) ‘Stance Relativism: Empiricism versus Metaphysics’. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 35, 173–84.
Clooney, Francis. (2017) ‘Mādhava's Garland of Jaimini's Reasons as Exemplary Mīmāṃsā Philosophy’. In Ganeri, Jonardon (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy (New York: Oxford University Press), 577–97.
Dewey, John. (1959) Dictionary of Education. Edited by Winn, Ralph. New York: Philosophical Library.
Doctor, Thomas. (2014) ‘What if Madhyamaka is a Stance? Reflections on Contemporary Buddhist Hermeneutics’. 17th Congress of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Vienna. https://iabs2014.univie.ac.at/academic-program/list-of-sections/7-buddhist-hermeneu/.
Dreyfus, Hubert and Taylor, Charles. (2015) Retrieving Realism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Ganeri, Jonardon. (2012) The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness and the First-Person Stance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ganeri, Jonardon. (2014) Identity as Reasoned Choice: A South Asian Perspective on the Reach and Resources of Practical and Public Reason. London: Bloomsbury.
Ganeri, Jonardon. (2017) Introduction to Jonardon Ganeri (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy (New York: Oxford University Press), 112.
Giaquinto, Marcus. (2015) ‘The Epistemology of Visual Thinking in Mathematics’. In Zalta, Edward N. (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/epistemology-visual-thinking/.
Lloyd, G. E. R. (2004) Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lloyd, G. E. R. (2007) Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lloyd, G. E. R. (2015) Analogical Investigations: Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Human Reasoning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lloyd, G. E. R. (2017) ‘Fortunes of Analogy’. Australasian Philosophical Review, 1, 236–49.
Pollock, Sheldon. (2001) ‘The New Intellectuals in Seventeenth-Century India’. Indian Economic and Social History Review, 38, 331.
Pryor, James. (2000) ‘The Skeptic and the Dogmatist’. Noûs, 34, 517–49.
Siegel, Susanna. (2012) ‘Cognitive Penetrability and Perceptual Justification‘. Noûs, 46, 201–22.
Tatia, Nathmal. (1994) That Which Is: A Classic Jain Manual for Understanding the True Nature of Reality: A Translation of Umāsvāti's Tattvārtha-sūtra. New Haven: Yale University Press. [TS]
Teller, Paul. (2004) ‘What Is a Stance?Philosophical Studies, 121, 159–70.
van Fraassen, B. C. (2002) The Empirical Stance. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Weil, Simone. (2003) Simone Weil on Colonialism: An Ethic of the Other. Edited and translated by Little, J. P.. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the American Philosophical Association
  • ISSN: 2053-4477
  • EISSN: 2053-4485
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-american-philosophical-association
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed