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Britain, Portugal and East Timor in 1941

  • Nicholas Tarling (a1)

Abstract

During the period between the opening of the war in Europe in September 1939 and the attack on Pearl Harbor and Malaya in December 1941, the British sought to limit Japanese penetration into Southeast Asia, while guarding, insofar as they could, against any Japanese advance. The policy applied to East Timor. But the Portuguese were touchy about interference and apprehensive about Macau.

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1 Cranborne/Whiskard, 3 Jan. 1941, 5. AFPD IV, p. 324.

2 Telegram from Campbell, 14 Feb. 1941, 53. F.O.371/27792 [F1149/222/61].

3 RO. Minute, 3 Mar. 1941. F.O.371/27792 [Fl 598/222/61].

4 Telegram, 20 Jan. 1941, 104. F.O.371/27792 [F494/222/61].

5 Minute, 23 Jan., ibid.

6 Minute, 3 Mar. as above; Stirling/Dept., 29 Jan. 1941, 88. AFPD IV, pp. 353–54.

7 Commonwealth/DO, 7 Feb. 1941, 86. F.O.371/27792 [F732/222/61].

8 Cf Submission, 25 Mar. 1941. AFPD IV, pp. 509–511.

9 Report, 5 April 1941, in C-G/FO, 8 April 1941, 38. F.O.371/27793 [F4268/222/61], Report, enclosed in Archer to Foreign Secretary, 3 May 1941. F.O.371/27794 [F7403/222/61].

10 Minute, 31 Aug. F.O.371/27794 [F7403/222/61].

11 Archer to Foreign Secretary, 3 May, ibid.

12 Telegram Commonwealth/DO, 8 Sep., 558. F.O.371/27794 [F9212/222/61], AFPD V, pp. 102–103.

13 Minutes 13, 23 Sep., 23 Sep. [F9212].

14 DO telegram, 13 Oct. 1941, 689. F.O.371/27794 [F10787/222/61]. AFPD V, pp. 136–37.

15 Telegram, 16 Oct. 1941, 68B. F.O.371/27794 [F10890/222/61]. AFPD V, p. 147.

16 Telegrams from Walsh, 2 Oct. 1941, 209. F.O.371/27794 [F10302/222/61]; Campbell, 8 Oct., 1188. [F10540],

17 Clarke/Costley-White, 13 Oct. [F10540]. Cranborne/Commonwealth, 17 Oct., 707. AFPD V, pp. 151–52. Telegram from Australia, 23 Oct., 694. F.O.371/27795 [Fl 1307/222/61]. Evatt/Ferrara, 5 Nov. AFPD V, p. 164.

18 Telegram from Campbell, 7 Oct. 1941, 388. F.O.371/27794 [F10547/222/61].

19 Eden/Balfour, 21 Oct. 1941, 427. F.O.371/27795 [F11166/222/61],

20 Telegram to Campbell, 11 Nov. 1941, 704. F.O.371/27796 [F12165/222/61].

21 Minute by Roberts, 20 Oct. 1941. F.O.371/27794 [F10890/222/61].

22 Minute by Roberts, 26 Oct. [F10890].

23 Minute, 29 Oct. [F10890].

24 Brief, 28 Oct. [F10890].

25 Eden/Campbell, 4 Nov. 1941, 453. F.O.371/27795 [F11814/222/61].

26 Conversation, 10 Nov. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F12104/222/61].

27 Eden/Campbell, 15 Nov., 465. F.O.371/27796 [F12289/222/61].

28 Minute by Cadogan, 13 Nov. 1941. F.O.371/27790 [F12290/222/61]. Eden/Campbell, 15 Nov., 465. [F12289].

29 Minute, 14 Nov. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F12289/222/61].

30 Eden/Bland, 6 Nov. 1941, 97. F.O.371/27796 [F12142/222/61].

31 Conversation with Van Kleffens, 17 Nov. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F12476/222/61]; also F.0.371/ 27781 [F12472/54/61].

32 Telegram, 21 Nov. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F12731/222/61].

33 Minute, 26 Nov. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F12732/222/61].

34 A-m, 27 Nov. [F12732].

35 Memorandum, 3 Dec. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F13304/222/61].

36 Minute by Makins, 4 Nov. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F13305/222/61]. Cf. Telegram from Campbell, 5 Dec, 1566. F.O.371/27796 [F13283/222/61].

37 A-m, 5 Dec. 1941. F.O.371/27796 [F13306/222/61].

38 Telegram, 6 Dec. 1941, 1570. F.O.371/27796 [F13315/222/61],

39 Minute, 7 Dec. [F13315].

40 Minute, 4 Dec. [F13305].

41 Telegram, 10 Dec. 1941. F.O.371/27797 [F13517/222/61].

42 Telegram, 11 Dec, 35. [F13517].

43 Minute, 11 Dec. 1941. F.O.371/27797 [F13579/222/61].

44 Telegram to Cooper, 14 Dec. 1941, 55. [F13579].

45 Telegram, 16 Dec. 1941, 1644. F.O.371/27797 [F13808/222/61].

46 Telegram, 17 Dec. 1941, 1659. F.O.371/27797 [F13860/222/61].

47 Telegram to Halifax, 17 Dec. 1941, 6992. [F138O8].

48 Gunn, Geoffrey C., Wartime Portuguese Timor: the Azores Connection (Clayton, Vic: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, 1988), p. 4.

49 Telegram, 19 Dec. 1941, 259. F.O.371/28056 [F14033/13421/23].

50 Sullivan, pp. 164–65; Kay, Hugh, Salazar and Modern Portugal (London, 1970), p. 165.

Britain, Portugal and East Timor in 1941

  • Nicholas Tarling (a1)

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