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Who are the Asset-Poor in China: A Comprehensive Description and Policy Implications

  • YUANYUAN YANG (a1), JUN-HONG CHEN (a2) and MINCHAO JIN (a2)

Abstract

There is a large body of literature asserting that household asset holdings play a critical role in prospects of economic and social well-being. This study examines asset-poverty rates in China using the 2013 survey data from the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP). The results indicate that asset-poverty rates in urban China were lower than those of developed countries, whereas rural and migrant households experienced more serious asset poverty than their counterparts in urban China. In addition, the asset-poverty rates were at least twice the income-poverty rates in China according to the different poverty lines used in the study. Several demographic characteristics were found associated with asset poverty. To assist the Chinese government in reaching its goal of eradicating absolute poverty by 2020 through targeted poverty alleviation, this study suggests including assets in the description and alleviation of poverty.

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Journal of Social Policy
  • ISSN: 0047-2794
  • EISSN: 1469-7823
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