Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Characteristics of LGBT Quitline Callers Across 14 States

  • Amy V. Lukowski (a1), Chad Morris (a2), Susan E. Young (a2) and David Tinkelman (a1)

Abstract

The lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities in the United States are disproportionately impacted by smoking, including incidence rates and a lower rate of cessation success. Previous studies have shown that the emotional impact of social stigma and discrimination have contributed to this pronounced health disparity. Utilising data from three years of quitline callers receiving cessation treatment from National Jewish Health, we examine how LGBT callers differ from straight/heterosexual callers in terms of demographic characteristics, tobacco use history, and the prevalence and consequences of emotional or mental health problems. Findings suggest that the LGBT population begins using tobacco in pre-adolescence at a much higher rate than other quitline callers. The most striking finding is that the LGBT callers report higher rates of mental health issues than other callers. In addition, these individuals feel that their mental health issues negatively impact their ability to have a successful quit attempt. This study contributes to the broader understanding of factors associated with elevated rates of tobacco use in the LGBT community, which may inform potential specialised prevention and cessation efforts for this high-risk population.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Amy V. Lukowski, PsyD, Clinical Director and Assistant Professor, Health Initiative Programs, National Jewish Health and Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, National Jewish Health, 1400 Jackson St, S113, Denver, 80206, CO. Email: lukowskia@njhealth.org

References

Hide All
Benowitz, N. L. (2008). Clinical pharmacology of nicotine: Implications for understanding, preventing, and treating tobacco addiction. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 83 (4), 531541. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2008.3.
Fiore, M. C., Jaen, C. R., Baker, T. B., Bailey, W. C., Benowitz, N., Curry, S. J. et al. (2008). Treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 Update. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service; 2008. Retrieved from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/tobacco/mf062700.htm.
GLSEN and Harris Interactive (2008). The Principal's Perspective: School Safety, Bullying and Harassment: A Survey of Public School Principals. New York: GLSEN.
Harding, R., Bensley, J., & Corrigan, N. (2004). Targeting smoking cessation to high prevalence communities: Outcomes from a pilot intervention for gay men. BMC Public Health, 4, 43. http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-4-43.
Hunt, J., & Byrd, J. (2012). Why the gay and transgender population experiences higher rates of substance use. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/lgbt/report/2012/03/09/11228/why-the-gay-and-transgender-population-experiences-higher-rates-of-substance-use/.
IBM Corp. Released (2015). IBM SPSS Statistics for Macintosh, Version 23.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corporation.
IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Levinson, A. H., Hood, N., Mahajan, R., & Russ, R. (2012). Smoking cessation treatment preferences, intentions, and behaviors among a large sample of colorado gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 14 (8), 910918. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntr303.
Lukowski, A. V., Morris, C. D., Young, S. E., & Tinkelman, D. (2015). Quitline outcomes for smokers in 6 states: Rates of successful quitting vary by mental health status. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 17 (8), 924930. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu252.
Meyer, I. H. (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: Conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129 (5), 674. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.129.5.674.
Meyer, I. H., Ouellette, S. C., Haile, R., & McFarlane, T. A. (2011). “We'd be free”: Narratives of life without homophobia, racism, or sexism. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 8 (3), 204214. doi: 10.1007/s13178-011-0063-0.
National LGBT Tobacco Control Network: Cold Hard Truth. (2015). Retrieved from http://lgbttobacco.org/truth.php.
North American Quitline Consortium (NAQC). (2012). Results from the 2011 NAQC annual survey of quitlines. Retrieved from http://www.naquitline.org/?page=2011Survey.
Savin-Williams, R. (2005). The new gay teenager. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schwappach, D. L. B. (2008). Smoking behavior, intention to quit, and preferences towards cessation programs amont gay men living in Zurich, Switzerland. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 10, 17831787. doi: 10.1080/14622200802443502.
Smith, E. A., & Malone, R. E. (2003). The outing of Philip Morris: Advertising tobacco to gay men. American Journal of Public Health, 93 (6), 988993. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.93.6.988.
Stead, L. F., Hartmann-Boyce, J., Perera, R., & Lancaster, T. (2013). Telephone counselling for smoking cessation. The Cochrane Library.
Tang, H., Greenwood, G. L., Cowling, D. W., Lloyd, J. C., Roeseler, A. G., & Bal, D. G. (2004). Cigarette smoking among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals: How serious a problem?(United States). Cancer Causes & Control, 15 (8), 797803. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15456993.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015). Current cigarette smoking among adults-united states, 2005–2014. MMWR: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report,; 64 (44): 12331240. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6444a2.htm?s_cid=mm6444a2_w.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Mpowered: Best and promising practices for LGBT tobacco prevention and control. Retrieved from http://www.lgbthealthlink.org/Assets/U/documents/mpowered.pdf.
U.S. Federal Trade Commission. (2007). Federal trade commission cigarette report for 2004 and 2005. Washington, DC: Author.
Zhu, S. H., Anderson, C. M., Tedeschi, G. J., Rosbrook, B., Johnson, C. E., Byrd, M., & Gutiérrez-Terrell, E. (2002). Evidence of real-world effectiveness of a telephone quitline for smokers. New England Journal of Medicine, 347 (14), 10871093. doi: 10.1056/NEJMsa020660.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed