Aars, J and Ringkjøb, H-E (2011) Local Democracy Ltd: The Political Control of Local Government Enterprises in Norway. Public Management Review, 13, 825–844.
Aarsæther, N and Vabo, SI (2002) Fristilt og velstyrt? Fokus på kommune-Norge. Oslo: Samlaget.
Allison, G (1982) Public and Private Management: Are They Fundamentally Alike in All Unimportant Respects? In Lane, F. S. (ed.), Current Issues in Public Administration. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 13–33.
André, R (2010) Assessing the Accountability of Government-Sponsored Enterprises and Quangos. Journal of Business Ethics, 97, 271–289.
Antonakis, J, Bendahan, S, Jacquart, P and Lalive, R (2010) On Making Causal Claims: A Review and Recommendations. The Leadership Quarterly, 21, 1086–1120.
Aucoin, P (1990) Administrative Reform in Public Management: Paradigms, Principles, Paradoxes and Pendulums. Governance, 3, 115–137.
Barberis, P (1998) The New Public Management and a New Accountability. Public Administration, 76, 451–470.
Barker, A (1982) Quangos in Britain: Government and the Networks of Public Policy-Making. London: Macmillan.
Berle, AA and Means, GC (1933) The Modern Corporation and Private Property. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Bjørnsen, HM, Klausen, JE and Winsvold, M (2015) Kommunale selskap og folkevalgt styring gjennom kommunalt eierskap, NIBR-report 2015:1. Oslo: NIBR (Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research).
Blair, MM (1995) Ownership and Control: Rethinking Corporate Governance for the Twenty-First Century. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Bognetti, G and Obermann, G (2012) Local Public Services in European Countries: Main Results of a Research Project by Ciriec International. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 83, 485–503.
Borge, L-E (2005) Strong Politicians, Small Deficits: Evidence from Norwegian Local Governments. European Journal of Political Economy, 21, 325–344.
Bovens, M (2005) Public Accountability. In Ferlie, E., Lynn, L. E. Jr and Pollitt, C. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Public Management. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 182–208.
Bovens, M (2007) Analysing and Assessing Accountability: A Conceptual Framework. European Law Journal, 13, 447–468.
Bovens, M, Goodin, RE and Schillemans, T (2014) The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability, 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bovens, MAP, t´Hart, P and Schillemans, T (2008) Does Public Accountability Work? An Assesment Tool. Public Administration, 86, 225–242.
Brandsma, GJ and Schillemans, T (2013) The Accountability Cube: Measuring Accountability. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 23, 953–975.
Brennan, N and Solomon, J (2008) Corporate Governance, Accountability and Mechanisms of Accountability: An Overview. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 21, 885–906.
Bruton, GD, Peng, MW, Ahlstrom, D, Stan, C and Xu, K (2015) State-owned Enterprises Around the World as Hybrid Organizations. Academy of Management Perspectives, 29, 92–114.
Caiden, GE (1994) Administrative Reform-American Style (Book Review). Public Administration Review, 54, 123–128.
Campbell, DT, Fiske, DW and Helson, H (1959) Convergent and Discriminant Validation by the Multitrait-Multimethod Matrix. Psychological Bulletin, 56, 81–105.
Christensen, T and Lægreid, P (2001) New Public Management: The Transformation of Ideas and Practice. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Christensen, T and Lægreid, P (2006) Autonomy and Regulation: Coping with Agencies in the Modern State. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Christensen, T, Lægreid, P, Peters, BG and Bouckaert, G (2004) Governmental Autonomisation and Control: The Norwegian Way. Public Administration and Development, 24, 129–135.
Citroni, G, Lippi, A and Profeti, S (2013) Remapping the State: Inter-Municipal Cooperation through Corporatisation and Public-Private Governance Structures. Local Government Studies, 39, 208–234.
Cote, JA and Buckley, MR (1987) Estimating Trait, Method, and Error Variance: Generalizing across 70 Construct Validation Studies. Journal of Marketing Research, 24, 315–318.
Denters, B and Rose, LE (2005) Towards Local Governance? In Denters, B. and Rose, L. E. (eds.), Comparing Local Governance. Trends and Developments. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 246–262.
Doty, DH and Glick, WH (1998) Common Methods Bias: Does Common Methods Variance Really Bias Results? Organizational Research Methods, 1, 374–406.
Esping-Andersen, G (1990) The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Fuller, D and Roffey, B (1993) Improving Public Sector Accountability and Strategic Decision-Making. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 52, 149–163.
Gerring, J (2017) Case study research : principles and practices, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gjertsen, A and Martiniussen, K (2006) Styring og kontroll av kommunale selskaper og foretak. NF-rapport (18). Bødo: Nordlandsforskning.
Gray, A and Jenkins, B (1995) From Public Administration to Public Management: Reassessing a Revolution? Public Administration, 73, 75–99.
Grossi, G, Papenfuß, U and Tremblay, M-S (2015) Corporate Governance and Accountability of State-owned Enterprises: Relevance for Science and Society and Interdisciplinary Research Perspectives. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 28, 274–285.
Hart, O (1995) Corporate Governance: Some Theory and Implications. The Economic Journal, 105, 678–689.
Hodge, G and Coghill, K (2007) Accountability in the Privatized State. Governance, 20, 675–702.
HoL (2012) The Accountability of Civil Servants. 6th Report of Session 2012–13. House of Lords. Select committee on the Constitution. London: The Stationery Office Limited.
Hood, C (1991) A Public Management for All Seasons? Public Administration, 69, 3–19.
Hood, C (2002) The Risk Game and the Blame Game. Government and Opposition, 37, 15–37.
Hood, C (2011) The Blame Game: Spin, Bureaucracy, and Self-Preservation in Government. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hughes, O (1992) Public Management or Public Administration? Australian Journal of Public Administration, 51, 286–296.
Johnson, N. (1982) Accountability, Control and Complexity. In Barker, A. (ed.), Quangos in Britain. Government and the Networks of Policy-Making. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd., 206–218.
Jones, GW (1992) The Search for Local Accountability. In Leach, S. (ed.), Strengthening Local Government in the 1990s. London: Longman, 49–78.
Kettl, DF (1997) The Global Revolution in Public Management: Driving Themes, Missing Links. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 16, 446–462.
Kleinbaum, DG (1998) Applied Regression Analysis and Other Multivariable Methods. Pacific Grove, CA: Duxbury Press.
Koppell, JGS (2003) The Politics of Quasi-Government: Hybrid Organizations and the Dynamics of Bureaucratic Control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kuhlmann, S (2008) Reforming Local Public Services: Trends and Effects in Germany and France. Public Management Review, 10, 573–596.
Lewis, N and Longley, D (1996) Ministerial Responsibility: The Next Steps. Public Law, Autumn, 490–507.
Lückerath-Rovers, M (2013) Women on Boards and Firm Performance. Journal of Management & Governance, 17, 491–509. doi: 10.1007/s10997-011-9186-1.
Luke, B (2010) Examining Accountability Dimensions in State‐owned Enterprises. Financial Accountability & Management, 26, 134–162.
Meier, KJ and O’Toole, LJ Jr (2010) Organizational Performance: Measurement Theory and an Application: Or, Common Source Bias, the Achilles Heel of Public Management Research. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, September 1–5, 2010, Washington DC, Copyright American Political Science Association.
Mouritzen, PE and Svara, JH (2002) Leadership at the Apex: Politicians and Administrators in Western Local Governments. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Mulgan, R (1997) Contracting Out and Accountability. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 56, 106–116.
Mulgan, R (2014) Accountability Deficits. In Bovens, M., Goodin, R. E. and Schillemans, T. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
OECD (2015a) G20/OECD Principles of Corporate Governance. Paris: OECD Publishing.
OECD (2015b) Government at a Glance 2015. Paris: OECD Publishing.
OECD (2015c) OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises, 2015 Edition. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Olsen, TH, Solstad, E and Torsteinsen, H (2017) The Meaning of Institutional Logics for Performance Assessment in Boards of Municipal Companies. Public Money & Management, 37, 393–400.
Osborne, SP (2010) The New Public Governance?: Emerging Perspectives on the Theory and Practice of Public Governance. New York: Routledge.
Painter, M (1988) Editorial Public Management: Fad or Fallacy? Australian Journal of Public Administration, 47, 1–3.
Parker, LD and Gould, G (1999) Changing Public Sector Accountability: Critiquing New Directions. Accounting Forum, 23, 109–135.
Podsakoff, PM, Mackenzie, SB, Lee, J-Y, Podsakoff, NP and Zedeck, S (2003) Common Method Biases in Behavioral Research: A Critical Review of the Literature and Recommended Remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879–903.
Pollitt, C (2004) Agencies: How Governments Do Things Through Semi-autonomous Organizations. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
Pollitt, C, Bathgate, K, Caulfield, J, Smullen, A and Talbot, C (2001) Agency Fever? Analysis of an International Policy Fashion. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, 3, 271–290.
Pollitt, C and Bouckaert, G (2011) Public Management Reform: A Comparative Analysis: New Public Management, Governance, and the Neo-Weberian State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pollitt, C and Talbot, C (2004) Unbundled Government: A Critical Analysis of the Global Trend to Agencies, Quangos and Contractualisation. London: Routledge.
Schillemans, T (2011) Does Horizontal Accountability Work? Administration & Society, 43, 387–416.
Schippers, MC, Den Hartog, DN, Koopman, PL and Wienk, JA (2003) Diversity and Team Outcomes: The Moderating Effects of Outcome Interdependence and Group Longevity and the Mediating Effect of Reflexivity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 779–802.
Sellers, JM and Lidström, A (2007) Decentralization, Local Government, and the Welfare State. Governance, 20, 609–632.
Teles, F (2015) Local Governance and Intermunicipal Cooperation. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
Thynne, I (2011) Ownership as an Instrument of Policy and Understanding in the Public Sphere: Trends and Research Agenda. Policy Studies, 32, 183–197.
Tricker, B (1995) Corporate Governance – A Subject Whose Time Has Come. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 3, 187–188.
Verhoest, K, Roness, PG, Verschuere, B, Rubecksen, K and MacCarthaigh, M (2010) Autonomy and Control of State Agencies: Comparing States and Agencies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
Verhoest, K, Van Thiel, S, Bouckaert, G and Lægreid, P eds. (2012) Government Agencies: Practices and Lessons from 30 Countries. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Warner, M and Hebdon, R (2001) Local Government Restructuring: Privatization and Its Alternatives. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 20, 315–336.
Watson, WE, Kumar, K and Michaelsen, L (1993) Cultural Diversity’s Impact on Interaction Process and Performance: Comparing Homogeneous and Diverse Task Groups. The Academy of Management Journal, 36, 590–602.
Willems, T and Van Dooren, W (2012) Coming to Terms with Accountability: Combining Multiple Forums and Functions. Public Management Review, 14, 1–26.
Wollmann, H, Koprić, I and Marcou, G (2016) Public and Social Services in Europe. From Public and Municipal to Private Sector Provision. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
Zatti, A (2012) New Organizational Models in European Local Public Transport: From Myth to Reality. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 83, 533–559.