Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The advantage of paradigmatic contestation in shaping and selling public policies

  • Gerry Alons (a1)
Abstract

While contestation between competing policy paradigms is usually considered to hamper the policy-making process, this article develops an argument explaining how paradigmatic contestation can also help policymakers obtain their preferred policies. Based on a typology of three paradigm situations – paradigm dominance, paradigmatic contestation and paradigm mixes – this article introduces three different types of strategies (paradigm stretching, banking on inconsistencies and commensurability framing) and explains why more strategies become available when a policy field moves from a situation of paradigmatic dominance to one of contestation and paradigm mixes. An analysis of the introduction and development of direct income payments in the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy, subsequently illustrates how a shift in paradigm situation affected the European Commission’s discursive strategies and shaped the development of direct payments through consecutive reforms. Reflecting on sectoral and institutional variations, the article also discusses the applicability of these findings to other institutional settings and policy fields.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The advantage of paradigmatic contestation in shaping and selling public policies
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The advantage of paradigmatic contestation in shaping and selling public policies
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The advantage of paradigmatic contestation in shaping and selling public policies
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Email: g.alons@fm.ru.nl
Footnotes
Hide All

Cite this article: Alons G. 2019. The advantage of paradigmatic contestation in shaping and selling public policies. Journal of Public Policy X: 1–21, doi:10.1017/S0143814X19000060

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Agence Europe (1991) Agriculture Council Retains MacSharry Plan as Basis for Negotiations, 17 July 1991.
Agence Europe (1997) Council Document for December Summit to Sketch New Face of Role of CAP, 15 November 1997.
Agra Europe (1997) Mixed Reactions to Hints of Modulated CAP Reform, 27 June 1997.
Agra Europe (2003) Ministers Reach Historic Deal on CAP Reform at Last, 27 June 2003.
Alons, G (2017) Environmental Policy Integration in the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy. Journal of European Public Policy 24(11): 16041622.
Alons, G Zwaan, P (2016) New Wine in Different Bottles: Negotiating and Selling the CAP Post-2013 Reform. Sociologia Ruralis 56(3): 349370.
Blyth, M (2002) Great Transformations: Economic Ideas and Institutional Change in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bureau, JC Mahé, LP (2015) Was the CAP Reform a Success?. In Swinnen J. (ed.), The Political Economy of the 2014–2020 Common Agricultural Policy. London: Rowman and Littlefield, 331356.
Campbell, JL (2002) Ideas, Politics, and Public Policy. Annual Review of Sociology 28, 2138.
Carson, M, Burns, TR Calvo, D (2009) Paradigms in Public Policy: Theory and Practice of Paradigm Shifts in the EU. New York: Peter Lang Publishers.
Carstensen, MB (2011) Paradigm Man Vs. the Bricoleur: Bricolage as an Alternative Vision of Agency in Ideational Change. European Political Science Review 3(1): 147167.
Carstensen, MB (2015) Bringing Ideational Power into the Paradigm Approach: Critical Perspectives on Policy Paradigms in Theory and Practice. In Hogan J. and Howlett M. (eds.), Policy Paradigms in Theory and Practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 295318.
Cioloş, D (2010) Speech for the European Parliament’s Agriculture Committee, 12 April 2010, SPEECH/10/150.
Cioloş, D (2011a) Speech at Oxford Farming Conference, 6 January 2011, SPEECH/11/3.
Cioloş, D (2011b) Speech Presenting the Legislative Proposals on the Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy to the European Parliament, Brussels, 12 October 2011, SPEECH/11/653.
Cioloş, D (2011c) Speech at the Coldiretti Conference, 29 November 2011, SPEECH/11/829.
Coleman, WD (1998) From Protected Development to Market Liberalism: Paradigm Change in Agriculture. Journal of European Public Policy 5, 632651.
Commission (1985) Perspectives on the CAP, 15 July 1985, COM(85)333 final.
Commission (1991a) The Development and Future of the CAP, 1 February 1991, COM (91)100 final.
Commission (1991b) The Development and Future of the Common Agricultural Policy, 11 July 1991, COM(91)258 final.
Commission (1992) Proposal for a Council Regulation (EEC) No1765/92 Establishing a Support System for Producers of Certain Arable Crops, 30 June 1992.
Commission (1997) Agenda 2000: For a Stronger and Wider Union, 15 July 1997, based on COM(97)2000 final.
Commission (1998) Proposals for Council Regulations (EC) Concerning the Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, 18 March 1998, COM(1998)158 final.
Commission (2002) Communication. Mid-Term Review of the Common Agricultural Policy, 10 July 2002, COM(2002)394 final.
Commission (2010) Communication. The CAP Towards 2020: Meeting the Food, Natural Resources and Territorial Challenges of the Future, 18 November 2010, COM(2010) 672 final.
Commission (2011) Proposal for a Regulation Establishing Rules for Direct Payments to Farmers Under Support Schemes Within the Framework of the Common Agricultural Policy, 19 October 2011, COM(2011) 625 final/2.
COPA-COGECA (2002) Our Vision for the Future: A Sustainable Agriculture for All Europeans, P(02)17F2.
COPA-COGECA (2010) The Future of the CAP Post-2013. COPA-COGECA’s reaction to the European Commission’s Communication, PAC(10)7/42.
Council (2003) Special Committee on Agriculture Report, 3 April 2003, Interinstitutional File: 2003/0006 (CNS) 8027/03, AGRI 93, AGRIFIN 44.
Council (2011) Cover Note from General Secretariat to Delegations, 7 February 2011, Interinstitutional File 2011/0280 (COD) 5962/12 ADD 3, AGRI 64, AGRIFIN 22, CODEC 244.
Daigneault, PM (2015) Can You Recognize a Paradigm When You See One? Defining and Measuring Paradigm Shift. In Hogan J and Howlett M. (eds.), Policy Paradigms in Theory and Practice. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 4360.
Daugbjerg, C, Farsund, AA Langhelle, O (2017) The Resilience of Paradigm Mixes: Food Security in a Post-Exceptionalist Trade Regime. Journal of European Public Policy 24(11): 16981715.
Daugbjerg, C Swinbank, A (2009) Ideational Change in the WTO and its Impacts on EU Agricultural Policy Institutions and the CAP. Journal of European Integration 31(3): 311327.
Daugbjerg, C Swinbank, A (2016) Three Decades of Policy Layering and Politically Sustainable Reform in the European Union’s Agricultural Policy. Governance 29(2): 265280.
EIS European Report (1997) Agenda 2000: Last-Ditch Attempt at Consensus CAP reform, 15 November 1997.
Erjavec, K Erjavec, E (2009) Changing EU Agricultural Policy Discourses? The Discourse Analysis of Commissioner’s Speeches 2000–2007. Food Policy 34, 218226.
Erjavec, K Erjavec, E (2015) Greening the CAP”- Just a Fashionable Justification? A Discourse Analysis of the 2014–2020 CAP Reform Documents. Food Policy 51, 5362.
European Parliament (1991) Report of the Committee on Agriculture, Fisheries and Rural Development on the Development and the Future of the CAP (Reinhold L. Bocklet Rapporteur), 28 November 1991, A3-0342/91.
European Parliament (1998) Report on the Proposal for a Council Regulation Establishing Common Rules for Direct Support Schemes Under the CA (Friedrich-Wilhelm Graefe zu Baringdorf Rapporteur), 9 December 1998, A4-0480/98.
European Parliament (2010) Report on the Future of the Common Agricultural Policy After 2013 (George Lyon Rapporteur), 21 June 2010, A7-0204/2010.
Feindt, PH (2010) Policy-Learning and Environmental Policy Integration in the Common Agricultural Policy 1973–2003. Public Administration 88(2): 296314.
Feindt, PH (2017) Agricultural Policy. In Heinelt H and Münch S (eds.), Handbook of European Policy: Formulation, Development and Evaluation. London: Edward Elgar, 115133.
Fischler, F (1997) Speech for the Centre for European Policy Studies, 20 June 1997, SPEECH/97/147.
Fischler, F (1999) Speech for NFU Annual Conference, 2 February 1999, SPEECH/99/27.
Fischler, F (2001) Speech at Coldiretti Forum, 19 October 2001, SPEECH/01/478.
Fischler, F (2002) Presentation of the CAP Mid-Term Review to the Agricultural Council, 15 July 2002, SPEECH/02/342.
Fouilleux, E (2004) CAP Reforms and Multilateral Trade Negotiations: Another View on Discourse Efficiency. West European Politics 27(2): 235255.
Garzon, I (2006) Reforming the Common Agricultural Policy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hall, PA (1993) Policy Paradigms, Social Learning, and the State: The Case of Economic Policymaking in Britain. Comparative Politics 25(3): 257296.
Kay, A (2011) UK Monetary Policy Change During the Financial Crisis: Paradigms, Spillovers, and Goal Co-Ordination. Journal of Public Policy 31(2): 143161.
Kuhn, TS (1962) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Kurzer, P (2013) The Politics of Ideas in Reforming the Dutch Disability Fund. Governance 26(2): 283305.
MacSharry, R (1991a) Statement to the European Parliament, 11March1991, SPEECH/92/24.
MacSharry, R (1991b) Speech to the Conference on the Future of Agriculture and the Rural Areas, 21 June 1991, SPEECH/91/79.
MacSharry, R (1991c) Address to the European Farmers’ Coordination Conference, 14 November 1991, SPEECH/91/120.
MacSharry, R (1992a) Address to the European Parliament, 10 March 1992, SPEECH/92/21.
MacSharry, R (1992b) Address at the Opening of the 57th International “Gruene Woche”, 16 January 1992, SPEECH/92/2.
Moyer, W Josling, TE (2002) Agricultural Policy Reform: Politics and Process in the EU and US in the 1990s. Aldershot: UK/Burlington.
Nilsson, M (2005) Learning, Frames, and Environmental Policy Integration: The Case of Swedish Energy Policy. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 23, 207226.
Peters, BG, Pierre, J King, DS (2005) The Politics of Path Dependency: Political Conflicts in Historical Institutionalism. The Journal of Politics 67(4): 12751300.
Princen, S van Esch, F (2016) Paradigm Formation and Paradigm Change in the EU’s Stability and Growth Pact. European Political Science Review 8(3): 355375.
Schmidt, VA (2011) Ideas and Discourse in Transformational Political Economy Change in Europe. In Skogstad G ed., Policy Paradigms, Transnationalism and Domestic Politics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 3659.
Schmidt, VA Thatcher, M (2013) Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schwaag Serger, S (2001) Negotiating CAP Reform in the European Union – Agenda 2000, Report 2001: 4, Swedish Institute for Food and Agriculture Economics.
Smyrl, ME (1998) When (and How) Do the Commission’s Preferences Matter? Journal of Common Market Studies 36(1): 79100.
Skogstad, G (1998) Ideas, Paradigms and Institutions: Agricultural Exceptionalism in the European Union and the United States. Governance 11, 463490.
Skogstad, G (2008) Canadian Agricultural Programs and Paradigms: The Influence of Internationa Trade Agreements and Domestic Factors. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 56(4): 493507.
Skogstad, G (2011) Conclusion. In Skogstad G (ed.), Policy Paradigms, Transnationalism and Domestic Politics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 237254.
Tsebelis, G (1995) Decision Making in Political Systems: Veto Players in Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, Multicameralism, and Multipartyism. British Journal of Political Science 25(3): 289325.
Wilder, M (2015) Ideas Beyond Paradigms: Relative Commensurability and the Case of Canadian Trade-Industrial Policy, 1975–95. Journal of European Public Policy 22(7): 10041021.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Public Policy
  • ISSN: 0143-814X
  • EISSN: 1469-7815
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-public-policy
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed