Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 February 2012
1. See http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/history/moynchapter1.htm; Rainwater, Lee and Yancey, Robert, The Moynihan Report and the Politics of Controversy (Cambridge, Mass., 1967)Google Scholar; Patterson, James T., Freedom Is Not Enough: The Moynihan Report and America’s Struggle Over Black Family Life from LBJ to Obama (New York, 2010)Google Scholar; Briggs, Laura, Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 2002), 170–78Google Scholar; Estes, Steve, I Am A Man! Race, Manhood, and the Civil Rights Movement (Chapel Hill, 2005), 107–30.Google Scholar
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6. “Committee on the State of the Family,” file 8, box 1:66, Daniel Patrick Moynihan Papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (hereafter Moynihan Papers).
7. Ibid. On family patterns, see U.S. Census of the Population, 1960, “Broken Homes,” file 9, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers.
8. From Paul Barton to Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 7 January 1965, file 8, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; “Selected Quotations from To Be Equal by Whitney Young” and “Wade,” both in file 8, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers.
9. “Social Control” (July 21), ca. 1964, file 9, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers.
10. “Arrests in Detroit, 1963” and “Arrests in Chicago, 1963,” file 5, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; “He Puts 95% of Addicts in Five Cities” and “Narcotics Are the Root of Harlem’s Ills, Wingate Declares,” New York Times, 4 January 1964, file 9, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; “History of Narcotic Addiction in the United States,” file 9, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers.
11. “Committee on the State of the Family,” memo, file 8, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; Clark, Kenneth, Dark Ghetto: Dilemmas of Social Power (New York, 1965), 107.Google Scholar
12. “Elkins,” file 8, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; “Moynihan Was Treating Negro Family as People,” (n.d.), clipping from the Washington Post, file 9, box 1:466, Moynihan Papers.
13. Patricia Knapp and Sophie T. Cambria, “Attitudes of the Negro Unmarried Mothers Toward Illegitimacy” and “Children in Broken Homes,” file 9, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; Rainwater and Yancey, The Moynihan Report, 54–55; http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/history/moynchapter2.htm.
14. On “outlawed motherhood,” see Frazier, E. Franklin, The Negro Family in the United States (Chicago, 1966), 343–57Google Scholar; Scott, Daryl Michael, Contempt and Pity: Social Policy and the Image of the Damaged Black Psyche, 1860–1996 (Chapel Hill, 1997), 155CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Patterson, Freedom Is Not Enough, 1–14.
15. Clark, Dark Ghetto, 70, 73–74.
16. Rainwater and Yancey, The Moynihan Report, 88.
17. Kardiner, Abram and Ovesey, Lionel, The Mark of Oppression: A Psychosocial Study of the American Negro (New York, 1951), 137, 185–86, 204–5, 312, 315.Google Scholar
18. “White House Conference on Civil Rights,” file 2, box 1:67, Moynihan Papers; “Pettigrew,” 28 December 1964, file 8, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; “Notes by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Assistant Secretary of Labor,” file 9, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers.
20. D’Emilio, John, “The Homosexual Menace: The Politics of Sexuality in Cold War America,” in Passion and Power: Sexuality in History, ed. Peiss, Kathy and Simmons, Christina (Philadelphia, 1989), 226–40Google Scholar; Freedman, Estelle B., “Uncontrolled Desires: The Response to the Sexual Psychopath, 1920–1960,” Journal of American History 74, no. 1 (June 1987): 83–106CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed; Rebecca Jo Plant, Mom: The Transformation of Motherhood in Modern America (Chicago, 2010), 39–54, 146–77.Google Scholar
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23. Rainwater and Yancey, The Moynihan Report, 51, 369–75; “Washington: Unlimited Ends and Limited Means,” New York Times, 6 June 1965; “President Johnson Pushes Cause of Negro in Howard U. Address,” Jet, 24 June 1965; “President Hails New Stage in Negro Battle for Justice,” Washington Post, 5 June 1965.
24. On the leak, see Patterson, Freedom Is Not Enough, 65–68; Jean M. White, “Report Finds Negro’s Family Life Crumbling,” Washington Post, 23 August 1965; “New Crisis: The Negro Family,” Newsweek, 9 August 1965, 32–35; “Causes and Cures,” Newsweek, 30 August 1965, file 9, box 1:466, Moynihan Papers; “Moynihan Report,” New Republic, 11 September 1965, 8–9; “Family Report Sparks Debate,” Washington Post, 17 November 1966; “The Moynihan Report: Comment on Addenda to Earlier Analysis,” Christian Century, 9 February 1966, 180–83.
26. Payton, Benjamin F., “New Trends in Civil Rights,” Christianity and Crisis, 395–402Google Scholar; Benjamin F. Payton, “The President, the Social Experts, and the Ghetto: An Analysis of an Emerging Strategy in Civil Rights,” 3–22, file 7, box 1:66, Moynihan Papers; “Statement by Rev. Dr. Eugene Carson Blake and Rev. Dr. Benjamin F. Payton, file 7, box 1:466, Moynihan Papers; Payton, “New Trends in Civil Rights,” in Yancey and Rainwater, The Moynihan Report, 395–402.
27. Herbes, John, “Moynihan Hopeful U.S. Will Adopt a Policy of Promoting Family Stability,” New York Times, 12 December 1965Google Scholar; “The Moynihan Report,” Christian Century, 15 December 1965, 1531–32; “A Mother Can’t Do a Man’s Job,” Newsweek, 22 August 1966, 41; “Moynihan of the Moynihan Report,” New York Times, 31 July 1966.
28. Rainwater and Yancey, The Politics of Controversy, 422–23; D’Emilio, John, Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin (New York, 2003), 7–8.Google Scholar
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30. From Weston W. Ware to Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 11 July 1966, file 1, box 1:184, Moynihan Papers; Weston W. Ware to Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 4 January 1966, file 1, box 1:184, Moynihan Papers; Isaiah W. Crippins to Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 2 February 1967, file 2, box 1:184, Moynihan Papers; Jerome A. Goldstein to Daniel Patrick Moynihan, 22 July 1968, file 3, box 1:184, Moynihan Papers; Jo-Ann Price, “Daniel Patrick Moynihan, ‘Talking About the Family Is a Damn Sight More Real,’” National Catholic Reporter, file 11, box 1:466, Moynihan Papers; Thomas Pettigrew to Cary McWilliams, 12 January 1966, file 12, box 1:466, Moynihan Papers.
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38. Stack, Carol B., All Our Kin: Strategies for Survival in a Black Community (New York, 1974), 44.Google Scholar
39. Staples, Robert, “Masculinity and Race: The Dual Dilemma of Black Men,” Journal of Social Issues 34 (Winter 1978): 173–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Staples, , “Race, Liberalism-Conservativism, and Premarital Sexual Permissiveness,” Journal of Marriage and the Family 15 (November 1978): 733–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
40. Poussaint, Alvin, “Blacks and the Sexual Revolution,” Ebony, October 1971, 112–13.Google Scholar
41. Ibid., 118.
43. Massey, Douglas S. and Sampson, Robert J., “Moynihan Redux: Legacies and Lessons,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 621 (January 2009): 6–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar; James Q. Wilson, “Pat Moynihan Thinks About Families,” ibid., 28–33; Kathryn Edin, Laura Tach, and Ronald Mincy, “Claiming Fatherhood: Race and the Dynamics of Paternal Involvement,” ibid., 132–48; Lawrence B. Bobo and Camille Z. Charles, “Race and the American Mind: From the Moynihan Report to the Obama Candidacy,” ibid., 243–59; Ron Haskins, “Moynihan Was Right: Now What?” ibid., 281–314.
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