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Transverse instability of ion acoustic solitons in a magnetized plasma including $q$ -nonextensive electrons and positrons

  • N. Akhtar (a1) (a2), W. F. El-Taibany (a3) (a4), S. Mahmood (a1) (a2) (a5), E. E. Behery (a3), S. A. Khan (a5), S. Ali (a5) and S. Hussain (a1) (a2)...


A nonlinear Zakharov–Kuznetsov (ZK) equation for ion acoustic solitary waves (IASWs) is derived using the reductive perturbation method (RPM) for magnetized plasmas in which the inertialess electrons and positrons are nonextensively $q$ -distributed while ions are assumed to be warm and inertial. It is found that both compressive as well as rarefactive solitons coexist in the present model for different regions of non-extensive electron and positron parameters, $q_{e}$ and $q_{p}$ . The magnetic field has no effect on the amplitude of the IASW, whereas the obliqueness angle of the wave propagation, the ion-to-electron temperature ratio  ${\it\sigma}$ and positron-to-ion density concentration ratio $p$ affect both the amplitude and the width of the solitary wave structures. The transverse instability analysis illustrates that the one soliton solution has a constant growth rate, and it suffers from instability in the transverse direction. The relevance of the present study to astrophysical space plasmas is also discussed.


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