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The electromotive force in multi-scale flows at high magnetic Reynolds number

  • Steven M. Tobias (a1) and Fausto Cattaneo (a2)

Abstract

Recent advances in dynamo theory have been made by examining the competition between small- and large-scale dynamos at high magnetic Reynolds number $\mathit{Rm}$ . Small-scale dynamos rely on the presence of chaotic stretching whilst the generation of large-scale fields occurs in flows lacking reflectional symmetry via a systematic electromotive force (EMF). In this paper we discuss how the statistics of the EMF (at high  $\mathit{Rm}$ ) depend on the properties of the multi-scale velocity that is generating it. In particular, we determine that different scales of flow have different contributions to the statistics of the EMF, with smaller scales contributing to the mean without increasing the variance. Moreover, we determine when scales in such a flow act independently in their contribution to the EMF. We further examine the role of large-scale shear in modifying the EMF. We conjecture that the distribution of the EMF, and not simply the mean, largely determines the dominant scale of the magnetic field generated by the flow.

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Corresponding author

Email address for correspondence: smt@maths.leeds.ac.uk

References

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The electromotive force in multi-scale flows at high magnetic Reynolds number

  • Steven M. Tobias (a1) and Fausto Cattaneo (a2)

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