Plesiosaurs constitute a monophyletic group whose stratigraphical range is uppermost Triassic to uppermost Cretaceous (Brown, 1981). They were large predatory marine reptiles, highly adapted for submarine locomotion, with powerful paddle-like limbs and heavily reinforced limb girdles (Saint-Seine, 1955; Romer, 1966; Carroll, 1988; Benton, 1990). The Plesiosauria clade belongs to the Sauropterygia, which has recently been hypothesized as the sister-group of the Ichthyosauria. Together with that clade they form the Euryapsida (Caldwell, 1997). The Sauropterygia can be subdivided into relatively plesiomorphic stem-group taxa from the Triassic (Placodonts, Nothosauroids, and Pistosauroids), and the obligatorily marine crown-group Plesiosauria (Rieppel, 1999). Plesiosaurs are traditionally divided into two superfamilies: Plesiosauroidea, with usually small heads and long necks; and Pliosauroidea, with larger heads and shorter necks (Welles, 1943; Persson, 1963; Brown, 1981). Plesiosauroidea contains three families: Plesiosauridae, Cryptoclididae, and Elasmosauridae (Brown, 1981; Brown and Cruickshank, 1994). The validity of the Polycotylidae Cope, 1869, has long been questioned and its phylogenetic position among Plesiosauria debated, as many consider it to be related to the Pliosauridae or to be a sister-group of the Elasmosauridae (Sato and Storrs, 2000; O'Keefe, 2001).