Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The taxonomic status of Hipparion minus Sellards, 1916 (Mammalia, Equidae)

  • Richard C. Hulbert (a1)

Extract

E. H. Sellards (1916, p. 96) applied the new binomen “Hipparion minor” to the very small hipparionine horse from the early Pliocene Bone Valley District of peninsular Florida. Since the gender of Hipparion is neuter, the ending of the species name must be amended to agree with it (Articles 32d and 34b, ICZN, 1985), and thus the correct spelling of the original species name for this taxon is Hipparion minus Sellards. This correction was previously instituted by Hay (1930, p. 693). However, this name is a primary junior homonym of Hipparion minus Pavlow, 1890, a Eurasian species of horse, and as such is permanently invalid (Articles 52b, 53c(ii), and 57b, ICZN, 1985). Hipparion minus Pavlow was in common use for small hipparionine horses from Russia and Greece during the first quarter of this century. Although now generally regarded as a nomen dubium, it was used as a valid subspecies as recently as Pirlot (1956). Its present disuse in no way affects the condition of primary homonymy between the two species names.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Dalquest, W. W., and Mooser, O. 1980. Late Hemphillian mammals of the Ocote local fauna, Guanajuato, Mexico. The Pierce-Sellards Series, 32:125.
Forstén, A. 1984. Supraspecific groups of Old World hipparions (Mammalia, Equidae). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 58:165171.
Hay, O. P. 1930. Second bibliography and catalogue of the fossil Vertebrata of North America. Vol. II. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication, 390:11074.
Hulbert, R. C. 1987. Phylogenetic systematics, biochronology, and paleobiology of Late Neogene horses (family Equidae) of the Gulf Coastal Plain and the Great Plains. Unpubl. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, 570 p.
Hulbert, R. C. 1988. Cormohipparion and Hipparion (Mammalia, Perissodactyla, Equidae) from the Late Neogene of Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences, 33:229338.
ICZN. 1985. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, 3rd ed., 338 p.
Lance, J. F. 1950. Paleontologia y Estratigrafia del Plioceno de Yepomera, Estado de Chihuahua. 1a parte: Equidos, excepto Neohipparion. Boletín del Instituto de Geologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma d. Mexico, 54:181.
MacFadden, B. J. 1984. Systematics and phylogeny of Hipparion, Neohipparion, Nannippus, and Cormohipparion (Mammalia, Equidae) from the Miocene and Pliocene of the New World. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 179:1196.
Manning, E. M., and MacFadden, B. J. 1989. Pliocene three-toed horses from Louisiana, with comments on the Citronelle Formation. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 22:3546.
Matthew, W. D., and Stirton, R. A. 1930. Equidae from the Pliocene of Texas. Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences, University of California, 19:349396.
McGrew, P. O., and Meade, G. E. 1938. The bearing of the Valentine area in continental Miocene-Pliocene correlation. American Journal of Science, 36:197207.
Mooser, O. 1968. Fossil Equidae from the middle Pliocene of the Central Plateau of Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist, 13:112.
Pavlow, M. 1890. Études sur l'histoire paléontologique des ongulés. IV. Hipparion de la Russie. Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, 3:653665.
Pirlot, P. L. 1956. Les formes européennes du genre Hipparion. Memorias y Comunicaciones del Instituto Geológico, Diputación Provincial de Barcelona, 14:1122.
Sellards, E. H. 1916. Fossil vertebrates from Florida: a new Miocene fauna; new Pliocene species; the Pleistocene fauna. Florida Geological Survey, 8th Annual Report, p. 77119.
Simpson, G. G. 1930. Tertiary land mammals of Florida. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 59:149211.
Stirton, R. A. 1940. Phylogeny of North American Equidae. Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences, University of California, 25:165198.
Voorhies, M. R. 1974. The Pliocene horse Nannippus minor in Georgia: geological implications. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 11:109113.

The taxonomic status of Hipparion minus Sellards, 1916 (Mammalia, Equidae)

  • Richard C. Hulbert (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed