Skip to main content Accessibility help

A new palaeontinid (Insecta, Hemiptera, Cicadomorpha) from the Upper Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation of northeastern China and its biogeographic significance

  • Yanzhe Fu (a1) (a2), Chenyang Cai (a3) and Diying Huang (a1)


Cicadomorpha guancaishanensis new species, of the extinct family Palaeontinidae, is described from the Upper Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation at Guancaishan, Jianping County, Western Liaoning, northeastern China. It represents the first record of Palaeontinidae from the Tiaojishan Formation and highlights the palaeodiversity of the Late Jurassic palaeontinids. Cicadomorpha Martynov, 1926 previously included three species with extremely limited morphological differences from the Karabastau Formation of Kazakhstan, the Glushkovo Formation, and the Ukurei Formation of Chita, Transbaikalia, and Russia, indicating a correlated stratigraphic relationship. This discovery provides new evidence that closure of the Okhotsk Ocean began in the Middle Jurassic. Thus, there is no distinct geographical barrier between the southern and northern areas of Mongolia-Okhotsk Ocean in the Late Jurassic.



Corresponding author

*Corresponding author


Hide All
Becker-Migdisova, E., 1949, Mesozoic Homoptera of central Asia: Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, v. 22, p. 168. [in Russian]
Bi, S., Wang, Y., Guan, J., Sheng, X., and Meng, J., 2014, Three new Jurassic euharamiyidan species reinforce early divergence of mammals: Nature, v. 514, p. 579584, doi:10.1038/nature13718.
Bourgoin, T., Wang, R., Asche, M., Hoch, H., Soulier-Perkins, A., Stroinski, A., Yap, S., and Szwedo, J., 2015, From micropterism to hyperpterism: recognition strategy and standardized homology-driven terminology of the forewing venation patterns in planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha): Zoomorphology, v. 134, p. 6377, doi:10.1007/s00435-014-0243-6.
Cai, C., and Huang, D., 2016, Omma daxishanense sp. nov., a fossil representative of an extant Australian endemic genus recorded from the Late Jurassic of China (Coleoptera: Ommatidae): Alcheringa, v. 41, p. 277283, doi:10.1080/03115518.2016.1225251.
Carpenter, F.M., 1992, Superclass Hexapoda, in Kaesler, R.L., ed., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part R, Arthropoda 4: Boulder, Colorado, and Lawrence, Kansas, Geological Society of America (and University of Kansas Press), 655 p.
Chen, J., Zhang, H., Wang, B., Zheng, X., and Wang, X., 2016, New Jurassic Sinopalaeocossus and related genera with notes on their evolutionary implications (Hemiptera, Palaeontinidae): Insect Systematics and Evolution, v. 47, p. 113129, doi:10.1163/1876312X-47022136.
Chen, J., Beattie, R., Wang, B., Jiang, H., Zheng, Y., and Zhang, H., 2019, The first palaeontinid from the Late Jurassic of Australia (Hemiptera, Cicadomorpha, Palaeontinidae): Alcheringa, v. 43, p. 449454, doi:10.1080/03115518.2019.1587787.
Cheng, X., Wang, X., Jiang, S., and Kellner, A.W., 2012, A new scaphognathid pterosaur from western Liaoning, China: Historical Biology, v. 24, p. 101111, doi:10.1080/08912963.2011.635423.
Deng, S., Yao, Y., Ye, D., Chen, P., Jin, F., Zhang, Y., , K., Zhao, Y., Yuan, X., and Zhang, S., 2003, The Jurassic System of North China (I): A Stratigraphic Overview: Beijing, Petroleum Industry Press, 399 p. [in Chinese with English abstract]
Deng, S., Lu, Y., Zhao, Y., Fan, R., Wang, Y., Yang, X., Li, X., and Sun, B., 2017, The Jurassic palaeoclimate regionalization and evolution of China: Earth Science Frontiers, v. 24, p. 106142, doi:10.13745/j.esf.2017.01.007. [in Chinese with English abstract]
Duan, Y., Zhen, S., Hu, D., Zhang, L., and Wang, W., 2009, Preliminary report on Middle Jurassic strata and fossils from Linglongta area of Jianchang, Liaoning: Global Geology, v. 28, p. 143147. [in Chinese with English abstract]
Enkin, R.J., Yang, Z., Chen, Y., and Courtillot, V., 1992, Paleomagnetic constraints on the geodynamic history of the major blocks of China from the Permian to the present: Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, v. 971, p. 1395313989, doi:10.1029/92JB00648.
Evans, J.W., 1946, A natural classification of leaf-hoppers (Homoptera, Jassoidea), part 2: Aetalionidae, Hylicidae, Eurymelidae: Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, v. 97, p. 3954.
Fang, Y., Wu, C., Guo, Z., Hou, K., Dong, L., Wang, L., and Li, L., 2015, Provenance of the southern Junggar Basin in the Jurassic: Evidence from detrital zircon geochronology and depositional environments: Sedimentary Geology, v. 315, p. 4763, doi:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2014.10.014.
Gao, K., and Shubin, N.H., 2012, Late Jurassic salamandroid from western Liaoning, China: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 109, p. 57675772, doi:10.1073/pnas.1009828109.
Gilder, S., and Courtillot, V., 1997, Timing of the North-South China collision from new middle to late Mesozoic paleomagnetic data from the North China Block: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, p. 1771317727.
Godefroit, P., Demuynck, H., Dyke, G., Hu, D., Escuillié, F., and Claey, P., 2013a, Reduced plumage and flight ability of a new paravian theropod from China: Nature Communications, v. 4, p. 1394, doi:10.1038/ncomms2389.
Godefroit, P., Cau, A., Hu, D., Escuillié, F., Wu, W., and Dyke, G., 2013b, A Jurassic avialan dinosaur from China resolves the early phylogenetic history of birds: Nature, v. 498, p. 359362, doi:10.1038/nature12168.
Handlirsch, B.A., 1906–1908, Die Fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der Rezenten Formen: Ein Handbuch für Paläontologen und Zoologen: Leipzig, Germany, Engelmann, 1430 pp.
Hong, Y., 1982, Mesozoic Fossil Insects of the Jiuquan Basin in Gansu Province: Beijing, Geological Publishing House, 223 p. [in Chinese]
Hu, D., Lianhai, H., Zhang, L., and Xu, X., 2009, A pre-Archaeopteryx troodontid theropod from China with long feathers on the metatarsus: Nature, v. 461, p. 640643, doi:10.1038/nature08322.
Huang, D., 2015, Yanliao biota and Yanshan movement: Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, v. 54, p. 501546. [in Chinese with English abstract]
Huang, D., ed., 2016, The Daohugou Biota: Shanghai, Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 332 pp. [in Chinese]
Huang, D., 2019, Jurassic integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China: Science China Earth Science, v. 62, p. 223255, doi:10.1007/s11430-017-9268-7.
Huang, D., Cai, C., Fu, Y., and Su, Y., 2018a, The Middle-Late Jurassic Yanliao entomofauna: Palaeoentomology, v. 1, p. 331, doi:10.11646/palaeoentomology.1.1.2.
Huang, D., Cai, C., and Nel, A., 2018b, A new damsel-dragonfly of the small family Selenothemistidae from the Late Jurassic of China (Odonata: Isophlebioptera): Journal of Paleontology, v. 92, p. 15, doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2011.11.019.
Jia, J., and Gao, K., 2016, A new basal salamandroid (Amphibia, Urodela) from the Late Jurassic of Qinglong, Hebei Province, China: PLoS ONE, v. 11, p. e0153834, doi:10.1371.journal.pone.0153834.
Jia, J., and Gao, K., 2019, A new stem hynobiid salamander (Urodela, Cryptobranchoidea) from the Upper Jurassic (Oxfordian) of Liaoning Province, China: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 39, p. e1588285, doi:10.1080/02724634.2019.1588285.
Kirichkova, A.I., and Doludenko, M.P., 1996, New data on phytostratigraphy of the Jurassic deposits of Kazakhstan: Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation, v. 4, p. 3552.
Kravchinsky, V.A., Cogne, J.P., Harbert, W.P., and Kuzmin, M.I., 2002, Evolution of the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean as constrained by new palaeomagnetic data from the Mongol-Okhotsk suture zone, Siberia: Geophysical Journal International, v. 148, p. 3457, doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.2002.01557.x.
Li, Y., Chen, J., and Wang, B., 2019, New Cretaceous palaeontinids (Insecta, Hemiptera) from northeast China: Cretaceous Research, v. 95, p. 130137.
, J., 2009, A new non-pterodactyloid pterosaur from Qinglong County, Hebei Province of China: Acta Geologica Sinica, v. 83, p. 189199, doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2009.00062.x.
, J., Unwin, D.M., Jin, X., Liu, Y., and Ji, Q., 2010, Evidence for modular evolution in a long-tailed pterosaur with a pterodactyloid skull: Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences, v. 277, p. 383389, doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.1603.
, J., Unwin, D.M., Deeming, D.C., Jin, X., Liu, Y., and Ji, Q., 2011, An egg-adult association, gender, and reproduction in pterosaurs: Science, v. 331, p. 321324, doi:10.1126/science.1197323.
Luo, Z., Yuan, C., Meng, Q., and Ji, Q., 2011, A Jurassic eutherian mammal and divergence of marsupials and placentals: Nature, v. 476, p. 442445, doi:10.1038/nature10291.
Martynov, A.V., 1926, To the knowledge of fossil insects from the Jurassic beds in Turkestan: Izvestiia Akademii nauk SSSR, v. 20, p. 13491366.
Martynov, A.V., 1937, Liassic insects from Shurab and Kizil-Kiya: Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, v. 7, p. 1232. [in Russian with English summary]
Meng, J., Hu, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, X., and Li, C., 2006, A Mesozoic gliding mammal from northeastern China: Nature, v. 444, p. 889893, doi:10.1038/nature05234.
Menon, F., Heads, S.W., and Martill, D.M., 2005, New Palaeontinidae (Insecta: Cicadomorpha) from the Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil: Cretaceous Research, v. 26, p. 837844, doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2005.05.005.
Metelkin, D.V., Gordienko, I.V., and Klimuk, V.S, 2007, Paleomagnetism of Upper Jurassic basalts from Transbaikalia: New data on the time of closure of the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean and Mesozoic intraplate tectonics of Central Asia: Russian Geology & Geophysics, v. 48, p. 825834, doi:10.1016/j.rgg.2007.09.004.
Nam, K.S., Wang, Y., Ren, D., Kim, J.H., and Szwedo, J., 2017, An extraordinary palaeontinid from the Triassic of Korea and its significance: Scientific Reports, v. 7, p. 40691, doi:10.1038/srep40691.
Nel, A., Prokop, J., Nel, P., Grandcolas, P., Huang, D., Roques, P., Guilbert, E., Dostál, O., and Szwedo, J., 2012, Traits and evolution of wing venation pattern in paraneopteran insects: Journal of Morphology, v. 273, p. 480506, doi:10.1002/jmor.11036.
Ponomarenko, A.G., Sukatsheva, I.D., and Vasilenko, D.V., 2009, Some characteristics of the Trichoptera distribution in the Mesozoic of Eurasia (Insecta: Trichoptera): Paleontological Journal, v. 43, p. 282295, doi:10.1134/S003103010903006X.
Rasnitsyn, A.P., and Quicke, D.L.J., 2002, History of Insects: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publisher, 513 p.
Riek, E.F., 1976, A new collection of insects from the Upper Triassic of South Africa: Annals of the Natal Museum, v. 22, p. 791820.
Scotese, C.R., 2014, Atlas of Jurassic Paleogeographic Maps, PALEOMAP Atlas for ArcGIS, Volume 3, The Jurassic and Triassic: Evanston, Illinois, Mollweide Projection, PALEOMAP Project, maps 32–42, doi:10.13140/2.1.4850.4321.
Shcherbakov, D.E., 1988, New cicadas (Cicadina) from the late Mesozoic of Transbaikalia: Paleontological Journal, v. 4, p. 5566.
Shcherbakov, D.E., and Popov, Y.A., 2002, Superorder Cimicidea Laicharting, 1781 order Hemiptera Linné, 1758: The bugs, cicadas, plantlice, scale insects, etc., in Rasnitsyn, A.P., and Quicke, D.L.J., eds., History of Insects: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publisher, p. 152155.
Sinitsa, S.M., 1993, Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous of Central Mongolia (ostracodes, stratigraphy, and paleoreconstruction): Paleontological Journal, v. 42, p. 1240.
Sinitsa, S.M., 2016, Jurassic dinosaurs of Transbaikalia and prospects of searching for them in Mongolia: Paleontological Journal, v. 50, p. 14011411, doi:10.1134/S0031030116120170.
Sinitshenkova, N.D., 2005, The oldest known record of an imago of Nemouridae (Insecta: Perlida = Plecoptera) in the late Mesozoic of eastern Transbaikalia: Paleontological Journal, v. 39, p. 3840.
Szwedo, J., 2018, The unity, diversity and conformity of bugs (Hemiptera) through time: Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, v. 107, p. 109128, doi:10.1017/S175569101700038X.
Tillyard, R.J., 1916, Mesozoic and Tertiary insects of Queensland and New South Wales: Queensland Geological Survey, Publication 253, p. 11–47.
Tillyard, R.J., 1921, Mesozoic insects of Queensland, no. 8, Hemiptera-Homoptera: Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, v. 46, p. 270284.
Tomurtogoo, T., Windley, B.F., Kroner, A., Badarch, G., and Liu, D.Y., 2005, Zircon age and occurrence of the Adaatsag ophiolite and Muron shear zone, Central Mongolia: Constraints on the evolution of the Mongol-Okhotsk ocean, suture and orogeny: Journal of the Geological Society, London, v. 162, p. 125134, doi:10.1144/0016-764903-146.
Wang, B., Zhang, H., and Fang, Y., 2006, Some Jurassic Palaeontinidae (Insecta, Hemiptera) from Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China: Palaeoworld, v. 15, p. 115125, doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2006.03.006.
Wang, B., Zhang, H., Fang, Y., Wang, D., and Ji, S., 2008, New data on Cretaceous Palaeontinidae (Insecta: Hemiptera) from China: Cretaceous Research, v. 29, p. 551560, doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2008.01.007.
Wang, B., Zhang, H., and Szwedo, J., 2009, Jurassic Palaeontinidae from China and the higher systematics of Palaeontinoidea (Insecta: Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha): Palaeontology, v. 52, p. 5364, doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2008.00826.x.
Wang, X., Kellner, A.W., Jiang, S., and Meng, X., 2009, An unusual long-tailed pterosaur with elongated neck from western Liaoning of China: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 81, p. 793812, doi:10.1590/S0001-37652009000400016.
Wang, X., Kellner, A.W., Jiang, S., Cheng, X., Meng, X., and Rodrigues, T., 2010, New long-tailed pterosaurs (Wukongopteridae) from western Liaoning, China: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 82, p. 10451062, doi:10.1590/S0001-37652010000400024.
Wang, Y., and Ren, D., 2009, New fossil palaeontinids from the Middle Jurassic of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China (Insecta, Hemiptera): Acta Geologica Sinica, v. 83, p. 3338, doi:10.1111/j.1755-6724.2009.00004.x.
Wang, Y., Ren, D., and Shih, C., 2007, New discovery of palaeontinid fossils from the Middle Jurassic in Daohugou, Inner Mongolia (Homoptera, Palaeontinidae): Science in China, ser. D, Earth Sciences, v. 50, p. 481486, doi:10.1007/s11430-007-0029-5.
Wang, Y., Dong, L., and Evans, S., 2015, Polydactyly and other limb abnormalities in the Jurassic salamander Chunerpeton from China: Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, v. 96, p. 4959, doi:10.1007/s12549-015-0219-7.
Xu, X., You, H., Du, K., and Han, F., 2011, An Archaeopteryx-like theropod from China and the origin of Avialae: Nature, v. 475, p. 465470, doi:10.1038/nature10288.
Yang, Z., Jiang, B., McNamara, M.E., Kearns, S.L., Pittman, M., Kaye, T.G., Orr, P.J., Xu, X., and Benton, M.J., 2019, Pterosaur integumentary structures with complex feather-like branching: Nature Ecology & Evolution, v. 3, p. 2430, doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0728-7.
Yuan, C., Ji, Q., Meng, Q., Tabrum, A.R., and Luo, Z., 2013, Earliest evolution of multituberculate mammals revealed by a new Jurassic fossil: Science, v. 341, p. 779783, doi:10.1126/science.1237970.
Zhang, J., 2015, Archisargoid flies (Diptera, Brachycera, Archisargidae and Kovalevisargidae) from the Jurassic Daohugou biota of China, and the related biostratigraphical correlation and geological age: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, v. 13, p. 857881, doi:10.1080/14772019.2014.960902.
Zhao, X., Coe, R.S., Zhou, Y., Wu, H., and Wang, J., 1990, New paleomagnetic results from northern China: Collision and suturing with Siberia and Kazakhstan: Tectonophysics, v. 184, p. 4381.
Zhou, C., Wu, S., Martin, T., and Luo, Z., 2013, A Jurassic mammaliaform and the earliest mammalian evolutionary adaptations: Nature, v. 500, p. 163167, doi:10.1038/nature12429.
Zonenshain, L.P., Kuzmin, M.I., and Natapov, L.M., 1990, Geology of the USSR: A plate-tectonic synthesis: American Geophysical Union, v. 21, p. 97108.
Zorin, Y.A., 1999, Geodynamics of the western part of the Mongolia-Okhotsk collisional belt, Trans-Baikal region (Russia) and Mongolia: Tectonophysics, v. 306, p. 3356.

A new palaeontinid (Insecta, Hemiptera, Cicadomorpha) from the Upper Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation of northeastern China and its biogeographic significance

  • Yanzhe Fu (a1) (a2), Chenyang Cai (a3) and Diying Huang (a1)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.