Skip to main content Accessibility help

A new damsel-dragonfly of the small family Selenothemistidae from the Late Jurassic of China (Odonata, Isophlebioptera)

  • Diying Huang (a1), Chenyang Cai (a2) and André Nel (a3)


Sinothemis difficilis new genus new species, youngest and first accurate Chinese representative of the small family Selenothemistidae, is described and illustrated. It is closely related to the genus Turanothemis, known from the Karatau outcrop in Kazakhstan. The genus Caraphlebia, known from the Middle Jurassic of Antarctica, seems to strongly differ from the other representatives of this family and may belong to another family. The fossil was collected from the Upper Jurassic (157.3 ± 1.5 Ma; near Oxfordian/Kimmeridgian boundary) Guancaishan locality, Jianping County, Western Liaoning, NE China. It belongs to the late assemblage of the Yanliao biota, while the early assemblage is represented by the putatively close damsel-dragonfly Paraliassophlebia from the Jiulongshan Formation of northern Hebei Province.



Corresponding author

*Corresponding authors


Hide All
Asahina, S., 1954, A morphological study of a relict dragonfly Epiophlebia superstes Selys (Odonata, Anisozygoptera): The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, v. 1954, p. 1153.
Bechly, G., 1996, Morphologische Untersuchungen am Flügelgeäder der rezenten Libellen und deren Stammgruppenvertreter (Insecta; Pterygota; Odonata), unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Phylogenetischen Systematik und des Grundplanes der Odonata: Petalura, spec. v. 2, p. 1402.
Cai, C., and Huang, D.-Y., 2017, Omma daxishanense sp. nov., a fossil representative of an extant Australian endemic genus recorded from the Late Jurassic of China (Coleoptera, Ommatidae): Alcheringa, v. 41, p. 277283.
Carpenter, F.M., 1969, Fossil insects from Antarctica: Psyche, v. 76, p. 418425.
Fabricius, J.C., 1793, Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus: C.G. Proft, Hafniae, v. 3, 1488.
Gao, K.-Q., and Shubin, N.-H., 2012, Late Jurassic salamandroid from western Liaoning, China: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 109, p. 57675772.
Handlirsch, A., 1920, Palaeontologie: Handbuch der Entomologie, v. 3, p. 117208.
Handlirsch, A., 1939, Neue Untersuchungen über die fossilen Insekten mit Ergänzungen und Nachträgen sowie Ausblicken auf phylogenetische, paläogeographische und allgemeine biologische Probleme. Teil 2: Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, v. 49, 1240.
Hong, Y.-C., 1982, Beijang zhongzhu Inoshi kunchong huashi [Middle Jurassic fossil insects in North China]: Beijing, Geological Publishing House, 223 p. [in Chinese with English summary].
Huang, D.-Y., 2015, Yanliao Biota and Yanshan movement: Acta Palaeontologia Sinica, v. 54, p. 501546. [in Chinese with English abstract].
Huang, D.-Y., 2016, The Daohugou Biota: Shanghai, Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 332 p. [in Chinese].
Li, Y., Nel, A., Ren, D., and Pang, H., 2012, A new damsel-dragonfly from the Lower Cretaceous of China enlightens the systematics of the Isophlebioidea (Odonata: Isophlebioptera: Campterophlebiidae): Cretaceous Research, v. 34, p. 340343.
Martynov, A.V., 1932, New Permian Paleoptera with the discussion of some problems of their evolution: Trudy Paleozoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii nauk SSSR, Moscow, v. 1, p. 144. [in English with summary in Russian].
Nel, A., 2009, A new Odonata family from the Jurassic of Central Asia: Journal of Natural History, v. 43, no. 1–2, p. 5764.
Nel, A., Martínez-Delclòs, X., Paicheler, J.-C., and Henrotay, M., 1993, Les ‘Anisozygoptera’ fossiles. Phylogénie et classification (Odonata): Martinia Numéro Hors Série, v. 3, p. 1311.
Nel, A., Bechly, G., Delclòs, X., and Huang, D.-Y., 2009, New and poorly known Mesozoic damsel-dragonflies (Odonata: Isophlebioidea: Campterophlebiidae, Isophlebiidae): Palaeodiversity, v. 2, p. 209232.
Nel, A., Nel, P., Petrulevičius, J.F., Perrichot, V., Prokop, J., and Azar, D., 2010, The Wagner parsimony using morphological characters: A new method for palaeosynecological studies: Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.), v. 46, p. 276292.
Riek, E.F., and Kukalová-Peck, J., 1984, A new interpretation of dragonfly wing venation based upon early Carboniferous fossils from Argentina (Insecta: Odonatoidea) and basic characters states in pterygote wings: Canadian Journal of Zoology, v. 62, p. 11501166.
Pritykina, L.N., 1968, Strekozy Karatau (Odonata) [Dragonflies from Karatau (Odonata)], in Panfilov, D.V., coord., Yurskie Nasekomye Karatau [Fossil Insects from Karatau]: Moscow, Academy of Sciences of the S.S.S.R., Nauka, p. 2655. [in Russian].
Pritykina, L.N., and Vasilenko, D.V., 2014, Odonata, in Ponomarenko, A.G., et al., eds., Upper Jurassic Lagerstätte Shar Teg, Southwestern Mongolia: Paleontological Journal, v. 48, p. 16411647.
Shen, Y., 1994, Jurassic conchostracans from Carapace Nunatak, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica: Antarctic Science, v. 6, p. 105113.
Wang, Y., Dong, L.P., and Evans, S.E., 2015, Polydactyly and other limb abnormalities in the Jurassic salamander Chunerpeton from China: Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, v. 96, p. 4959.
Townrow, J.A., 1967, Fossil plants from Allan and Carapace Nunataks, and from the upper Mill and Shackleton Glaciers, Antarctica: New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, v. 10, p. 456473.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

A new damsel-dragonfly of the small family Selenothemistidae from the Late Jurassic of China (Odonata, Isophlebioptera)

  • Diying Huang (a1), Chenyang Cai (a2) and André Nel (a3)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.