Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The early Cambrian tommotiid Kulparina rostrata from South Australia

  • Christian B. Skovsted (a1), Glenn A. Brock (a2), Lars E. Holmer (a3), Timothy P. Topper (a1) (a3) and Cecilia M. Larsson (a1) (a3)...

Abstract

The early Cambrian (Terreneuvian, Stage 2) tommotiid Kulparina rostrata Conway Morris and Bengtson in Bengtson et al., 1990 is revised. The pyramidal sclerites of K. rostrata are shown to be bilaterally symmetrical and homologues of the symmetrical S1 sclerites of Paterimitra pyramidalis Laurie, 1986. The scleritome of K. rostrata is also shown to include flattened asymmetrical sclerites that were originally described under the name Eccentrotheca guano Bengtson in Bengtson et al., 1990 and which correspond to the L-sclerites of Paterimitra. A modified tubular scleritome and a sessile filter-feeding mode of life is envisaged for Kulparina rostrata.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Balthasar, U., Skovsted, C.B., Holmer, L.E., and Brock, G.A., 2009, Homologous skeletal secretion in tommotiids and brachiopods: Geology, v. 37, p. 11431146.
Bengtson, S., 1970, The lower Cambrian fossil Tommotia: Lethaia, v. 3, p. 363392.
Bengtson, S., 1977, Aspects of problematic fossils in the early Palaeozoic: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Abstracts of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science, v. 415, 71 p.
Bengtson, S., 1985, Taxonomy of disarticulated fossils: Journal of Paleontology, v. 59, p. 13501358.
Bengtson, S., and Fletcher, T.P., 1983, The oldest sequence of skeletal fossils in the lower Cambrian of southeastern Newfoundland: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 20, p. 525536.
Bengtson, S., Conway Morris, S., Cooper, B.J., Jell, P.A., and Runnegar, B.N., 1990, Early Cambrian fossils from South Australia: Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, Memoirs, v. 9, p. 1364.
Betts, M.J., Topper, T.P., Valentine, J.L., Skovsted, C.B., Paterson, J.P., and Brock, G.A., 2014, A new early Cambrian bradoriid (Arthropoda) assemblage from the northern Flinders Ranges, South Australia: Gondwana Research, v. 25, no. 1, p. 420437.
Chang, W., 1966, On the classification of Redlichiacea, with description of new families and new genera: Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, v. 14, p. 135184.
Clarke, J.D.A., 1986a, An early Cambrian carbonate platform near Wilkawillina Gorge, South Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 37, p. 471483.
Clarke, J.D.A., 1986b, Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the upper part of the Wilkawillina Limestone, Wilkawillina Gorge, Flinders Ranges: Quarterly Geological Notes, Geological Survey of South Australia, v. 100, p. 27.
Clarke, J.D.A., 1986c, Subdivision of the lower part of the Wilkawillina Limestone, eastern Flinders Ranges: Quarterly Geological Notes, Geological Survey of South Australia, v. 97, p. 1216.
Clarke, J.D.A., 1990, An early Cambrian carbonate platform near Wilkawillina Gorge, South Australia: Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 37, p. 471483.
Cobbold, E.S., 1921, The Cambrian horizons of Comley (Shropshire) and their Brachiopoda, Pteropoda, Gastropoda, etc.: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 76, p. 325386.
Conway Morris, S., and Chen, M., 1990, Tommotiids from the lower Cambrian of South China: Journal of Paleontology, v. 64, p. 169184.
Conway Morris, S., and Peel, J.S., 1995, Articulated halkieriids from the lower Cambrian of North Greenland and their role in early protostome evolution: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, v. 347, p. 305358.
Daily, B., 1956, The Cambrian in South Australia, in Rodgers, J. ed., El Sistema Cambrico, su Paleogeografia y el Problema de su Base. Report 20th International Geological Congress, Mexico, 2, p. 91–147.
Demidenko, Yu.E., 2004, New data on the sclerite morphology of the tommotiid species Lapworthella fasciculata: Paleontological Journal, v. 38, p. 134140.
Esakova, N.V., and Zhegallo, E.A., 1996, Biostratigraphy and fauna of the lower Cambrian of Mongolia: Trudy, Sovmestnaya Rossiysko-Mongol’skaya Paleontologicheskaya Ekspeditsiya, v. 46, p. 1214. [in Russian].
Evans, K.R., and Rowell, A.J., 1990, Small shelly fossils from Antarctica: an early Cambrian faunal connection with Australia: Journal of Paleontology, v. 64, p. 692700.
Fonin, V.D., and Smirnova, N.T., 1967, New group of problematic early Cambrian organisms and methods of preparing them: Paleontological Journal, v. 1967, p. 718.
Gravestock, D.I., 1984, Archaeocyatha from lower parts of the lower Cambrian carbonate sequence in South Australia: Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, v. 3, p. 1139.
Gravestock, D.I., Alexander, E.M., Demidenko, Yu.E., Esakova, N.V., Holmer, L.E., Jago, J.B., Lin, T.-R., Melnikova, L.M., Parkhaev, P.Yu., Rozanov, A.Yu., Ushatinskaya, G.T., Zang, W.-L., Zhegallo, E.A., and Zhuravlev, A.Yu., 2001, The Cambrian biostratigraphy of the Stanbury Basin, South Australia: Transactions of the Palaeontological Institute, v. 282, p. 1344.
Hinz, I., 1987, The lower Cambrian microfauna of Comley and Rushton, Shropshire/England: Palaeontographica Abteilung A, v. 198, p. 41100.
Holmer, L.E., Skovsted, C.B., Brock, G.A., Valentine, J.L., and Paterson, J.R., 2008, The early Cambrian tommotiid Micrina, a sessile bivalved stem group brachiopod: Biology Letters, v. 4, p. 724728.
Holmer, L.E., Pettersson Stolk, S., Skovsted, C.B., Balthasar, U., and Popov, L.E., 2009, The enigmatic early Cambrian Salanygolina—a stem group of rhynchonelliform chileate brachiopods?: Palaeontology, v. 52, p. 110.
Holmer, L.E., Skovsted, C.B., Larsson, C.M., Brock, G.A., and Zhang, Z., 2011, First record of a bivalved larval shell in early Cambrian tommotiids and its phylogenetic significance: Palaeontology, v. 54, p. 235239.
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN), 1999, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 4th Edition: London, International Trust for Zoological Nomeclature, c/o The Natural History Museum, xxix + 306 p.
Jago, J.B., Zang, W.-L., Sun, X., Brock, G.A., Paterson, J.R., and Skovsted, C.B., 2006, A review of the Cambrian stratigraphy of South Australia: Palaeoworld, v. 15, p. 406423.
Jago, J.B., Gehling, J.G., Paterson, J.R., Brock, G.A., and Zang, W.-L., 2012, Cambrian stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the Flinders Ranges and the north coast of Kangaroo Island, South Australia: Episodes, v. 35, p. 247255.
Kouchinsky, A., Bengtson, S., Runnegar, G., Skovsted, C.B., Steiner, M., and Vendrasco, M., 2012, Chronology of early Cambrian biomineralization: Geological Magazine, v. 149, p. 221251.
Landing, E., 1984, Skeleton of lapworthellids and the suprageneric classification of tommotiids (early and middle Cambrian phosphatic Problematica): Journal of Paleontology, v. 58, p. 13801398.
Landing, E., 1995, Upper Placentian–Branchian Series of mainland Nova Scotia (middle–upper lower Cambrian): faunas, paleoenvironments, and stratigraphic revision: Journal of Paleontology, v. 69, p. 475495.
Landing, E., Nowlan, G.S., and Fletcher, T.P., 1980, A microfauna associated with early Cambrian trilobites of the Callavia zone, northern Antigonish Highlands, Nova Scotia: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 17, p. 400418.
Landing, E., Myrow, P., Benus, A.P., and Narbonne, G.M., 1989, The Placentian Series: appearance of the oldest skeletalized faunas in southeastern Newfoundland: Journal of Paleontology, v. 63, p. 739769.
Landing, E., Geyer, G., Brasier, M.D., and Bowring, S.A., 2013, Cambrian evolutionary radiation: context, correlation, and chronostratigraphy—overcoming deficiencies of the first appearance datum (FAD) concept: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 123, p. 133172.
Larsson, C.M., Skovsted, C.B., Brock, G.A., Balthasar, U., Holmer, L.E., and Topper, T.P., 2014, Paterimitra pyramidalis from South Australia: scleritome construction, shell structure and evolution of a lower Cambrian stem-group brachiopod: Palaeontology, v. 57, p. 417446.
Laurie, J.R., 1986, Phosphatic fauna of the early Cambrian Todd River Dolomite, central Australia: Alcheringa, v. 10, p. 431454.
Li, G., and Xiao, S., 2004, Tannuolina and Micrina (Tannuolinidae) from the lower Cambrian of eastern Yunnan, South China, and their scleritome reconstruction: Journal of Paleontology, v. 78, p. 900913.
Missarzhevsky, V.V., 1970, Novoye rodovoye nazvaniye Tommotia Missarzhevsky, nom. nov. (new generic name Tommotia, nom. nov.): Paleontologicheskiy Zhurnal, v. 1970, no. 2, p. 100. [in Russian].
Missarzhevsky, V.V., 1989, Drevnejshie skeletnye okamenelosti i stratigrafiya pogranichnykh tolshch dokembriya i kembriya (Oldest skeletal fossils and stratigraphy of Precambrian and Cambrian boundary beds): Akademiya Nauk SSSR Trudy Geologicheskiy Institut, v. 443, p. 1238. [in Russian].
Murdock, D.J.E., Donoghue, P.C.J., Bengtson, S., and Marone, F., 2012, Ontogeny and microstructure of the enigmatic Cambrian tommotiid Sunnaginia Missarzhevsky, 1969: Palaeontology, v. 55, p. 661667.
Murdock, D.J.E., Bengtson, S., Marone, F., Greenwood, J.M., and Donoghue, C.J., 2014, Evaluating scenarios for the evolutionary assembly of the brachiopod body plan: Evolution & Development, v. 16, p. 1324.
Paterson, J.R., and Brock, G.A., 2007, Early Cambrian trilobites from Angorichina, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, with a new assemblage from the Pararaia bunyerooensis zone: Journal of Paleontology, v. 81, p. 116142.
Qian, Y., and Bengtson, S., 1989, Palaeontology and biostratigraphy of the early Cambrian Meishucunian Stage in Yunnan Province, South China: Fossils and Strata, v. 24, 156 p.
Rozanov, A.Yu., Missarzhevsky, V.V., Volkova, N.A., Voronova, L.C., Krylov, I.N., Keller, B.M., Korolyuk, I.K., Lendzion, K., Michniak, R., Pykhova, N.G., and Sidorov, A.D., 1969, Tommotskij yarus i problema nizhnej grantisy kambriya (The Tommotian Stage and the Cambrian lower Boundary problem): Trudy Geologicheskiy Institut Moscow, v. 206, p. 1380. [in Russian, English edition, 1981, Amerind Publishing Company, New Delhi, 359 p].
Skovsted, C.B., Brock, G.A., Paterson, J.R., Holmer, L.E., and Budd, G.E., 2008, The scleritome of Eccentrotheca from the lower Cambrian of South Australia: lophophorate affinities and implications for tommotiid phylogeny: Geology, v. 36, p. 171174.
Skovsted, C.B., Balthasar, U., Brock, G.A., and Paterson, J.R., 2009a, The tommotiid Camenella reticulosa from the early Cambrian of South Australia: morphology, scleritome reconstruction, and phylogeny: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 54, p. 525540.
Skovsted, C.B., Holmer, L.E., Larsson, C.M., Högström, A.E.S., Brock, G.A., Topper, T.P., Balthasar, U., Pettersson Stolk, S., and Paterson, J.R., 2009b, The scleritome of Paterimitra: an early Cambrian stem group brachiopod from South Australia: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, v. 276, p. 16511656.
Skovsted, C.B., Brock, G.A., Topper, T.P., Paterson, J.R., and Holmer, L.E., 2011, Scleritome construction, biofacies, biostratigraphy and systematics of the tommotiid Eccentrotheca helenia sp. nov. from the early Cambrian of South Ausrtalia: Palaeontology, v. 54, p. 253286.
Tate, R., 1892, The Cambrian fossils of South Australia: Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, v. 15, p. 183189.
Topper, T.P., Brock, G.A., Skovsted, C.B., and Paterson, J.R., 2011a, Microdyction plates from the lower Cambrian Ajax Limestone of South Australia: implications for species taxonomy and diversity: Alcheringa, v. 35, p. 427443.
Topper, T.P., Brock, G.A., Skovsted, C.B., and Paterson, J.R., 2011b, The oldest bivalved arthropods from the early Cambrian of South Australia: systematics, biostratigraphy and biogeography: Gondwana Research, v. 19, p. 310326.
Topper, T.P., Holmer, L.E., Skovsted, C.B., Brock, G.A., Balthasar, U., Larsson, C.M., Pettersson Stolk, S., and Harper, D.A.T., 2013, The oldest brachiopods from the lower Cambrian of South Australia: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 58, p. 93109.
Ushatinskaya, G.T., 1987, Neobychnye bezzamkovye brakhiopody iz nizhnego kembriya Mongolii [Unusual inarticulate brachiopods from the Lower Cambrian of Mongolia]: Paleontologicheskij Zhurnal, v. 2, p. 6268.
Ushatinskaya, G.T., 2002, Genus Micrina (small shelly fossils) from the lower Cambrian of South Australia: morphology, microstructures, and possible relation to halkieriids: Paleontological Journal, v. 36, p. 919.
Williams, A., and Holmer, L.E., 2002, Shell structure and inferred growth, functions and affinities of the sclerites of the problematic Micrina: Palaeontology, v. 45, p. 845873.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed