Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Blancan lagomorphs and rodents of the Deer Park assemblages, Meade County, Kansas

  • Robert A. Martin (a1), James G. Honey (a2), Pablo Peláez-Campomanes (a3), H. Thomas Goodwin (a4), Jon A. Baskin (a5) and Richard J. Zakrzewski (a6)...

Abstract

A new collection of lagomorphs and rodents from the Deer Park B local fauna (l.f.) of Meade County, Kansas is described and compared with other small mammal assemblages of the Meade Basin, including the underlying Deer Park A l.f. Deer Park A was correctly assigned by Hibbard to the Blancan, bridging the gap between earlier Blancan faunas such as Fox Canyon and the late Blancan Sanders l.f. Recent fieldwork indicates that the Deer Park quarries may lie in the Rexroad Formation, rather than in the Ballard Formation as previously assumed. The geology and extinct mammalian contingent at Deer Park suggest that the lower horizon of Deer Park A was an active spring that gradually turned into a marshy environment during Deer Park B time. The rodents of Deer Park B are indicative of an open prairie ecosystem that might have been somewhat more arid than that of southwestern Kansas today.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Albright, B. III. 1999. Biostratigraphy and vertebrate paleontology of the San Timeteo Badlands, southern California. University of California Publications, Geological Sciences, 144:1121.
Allen, J. A., and Chapman, F. M. 1893. On a collection of mammals from the island of Trinidad. with descriptions of new species. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, 5:203234.
Andrews, P. 1990. Owls, Caves and Fossils. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 231 p.
Barnosky, A. D. 1986. New species of the Miocene rodent Cupidinimus (Heteromyidae) and some evolutionary relationships within the genus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 6:4664.
Baskin, J. A. 1978. Bensonomys, Calomys and the origin of the phyllotine group of Neotropical cricetines (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Journal of Mammalogy, 59:125130.
Baskin, J. A. 1979. Small mammals of the Hemphillian age White Cone local fauna, northeastern Arizona. Journal of Paleontology, 53:695708.
Baskin, J. A. 1986. The late Miocene radiation of Neotropical sigmodontine rodents in North America. Contributions to Geology, University of Wyoming, Special Paper, 3:287303.
Berggren, W. A., Kent, D. V., Swisher, C. C., and Aubry, M. P. 1995. A revised Cenozoic geochronology and chronostratigraphy, p. 128212. In Berggren, W. A., Kent, D. V., Aubry, M. P., and Hardenbol, J. (eds.), Geochronology, Time Scales, and Global Stratigraphic Correlation. Society for Sedimentary Geology, Special Publication 54.
Cantwell, R. J. 1969. Fossil Sigmodon from the Tusker locality, 111 Ranch, Arizona. Journal of Mammalogy, 50:375378.
Carleton, M. D., and Eshelman, R. E. 1979. A synopsis of fossil grasshopper mice, genus Onychomys, and their relationship to modern species. University of Michigan, Museum of Paleontology, C. W. Hibbard Memorial Volume, 7:163.
Carleton, M. D., and Musser, G. G. 1984. Muroid rodents, p. 289379. In Anderson, S. and Jones, J. J. (eds.), Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of the World. John Wiley, New York.
Carroll, R. L. 1997. Patterns and Processes of Vertebrate Evolution. Cambridge University Press, New York, 448 p.
Coues, E. 1876. Some accounts, critical, descriptive, and historical, of Zapus hudsonius. Bulletin United States Geological and Geographic Survey of the Territories, 1:253262.
Czaplewski, N. J. 1987a. Sigmodont rodents (Mammalia; Muroidea; Sigmodontinae) from the Pliocene (early Blancan) Verde Formation, Arizona. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 7:183199.
Czaplewski, N. J. 1987b. Middle Blancan vertebrate assemblage from the Verde Formation, Arizona. Contributions to Geology, University of Wyoming, 25:133155.
Czaplewski, N. J. 1990. The Verde Local Fauna: small vertebrate fossils from the Verde Formation, Arizona. Quarterly San Bernardino County Museum, 37:139.
Dalquest, W. W., and Carpenter, R. M. 1986. Dental characters of some fossil and recent kangaroo rats, with description of a new species of Pleistocene Dipodomys. The Texas Journal of Science, 38:251263.
Dalquest, W. W., Grimes, J. V., and Stangl, F. B. Jr. 1992. Characters of the upper premolar of five species of Dipodomys and evidence for diphyly in the genus. Southwestern Naturalist, 37:231246.
Davis, W. B. 1966. The Mammals of Texas. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Bulletin No. 41, 267 p.
Davis, L. C. 1987. Late Pleistocene/Holocene environmental changes in the Central Plains of the United States: the mammalian record, p. 88143. In Graham, R. W., Semken, H. A. Jr., and Graham, M. A. (eds.), Late Quaternary Mammalian Biogeography and Environments of the Great Plains and Prairies. Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers, Volume 22.
Eshelman, R. E. 1975. Geology and paleontology of the early Pleistocene (late Blancan) White Rock fauna from north-central Kansas. Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, C. W. Hibbard Memorial Volume, 4:160.
Frye, J. C., and Hibbard, C. W. 1941. Pliocene and Pleistocene stratigraphy and paleontology of the Meade Basin, southwest Kansas. Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin 38, Reports of Studies, Pt. 13:389424.
Gidley, J. W. 1922. Preliminary report on fossil vertebrates of the San Pedro Valley, Arizona, with descriptions of new species of Rodentia and Lagomorpha. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper, 131E:119131.
Gill, T. 1872. Arrangement of the families of mammals with analytical tables. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 11:198.
Goodwin, H. T. 1995. Systematic revision of fossil prairie dogs with descriptions of two new species. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publications, 86:138.
Goodwin, H. T., and Hayes, F. E. 1994. Morphologically derived ground squirrels from the Borchers Local Fauna, Meade County, Kansas, with a redescription of ?Spermophilus cragini. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 14:278291.
Gray, J. E. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. London Medical Repository, 15:296310.
Gustafson, E. P. 1978. The vertebrate faunas of the Pliocene Ringold Formation, south-central Washington. Museum of Natural History, University of Oregon, Bulletin, 23:162.
Hazard, E. B. 1961. The subgeneric status and distribution in time of Citellus rexroadensis. Journal of Mammalogy, 42:477483.
Hershkovitz, P. 1962. Evolution of Neotropical cricetine rodents (Muridae) with special reference to the phyllotine group. Fieldiana: Zoology, 46:1524.
Hibbard, C. W. 1938. An Upper Pliocene fauna from Meade County, Kansas. Transactions Kansas Academy Sciences, 40:239265.
Hibbard, C. W. 1939. Notes on additional fauna of Edson Quarry of the Middle Pliocene of Kansas. Transactions Kansas Academy of Sciences, 42:457462.
Hibbard, C. W. 1941a. The Borchers fauna, a new Pleistocene interglacial fauna from Meade County, Kansas. Geological Survey of Kansas Bulletin, 38:197220.
Hibbard, C. W. 1941b. New mammals from the Rexroad fauna, upper Pliocene of Kansas. American Midland Naturalist, 26:337368.
Hibbard, C. W. 1944. Two new mammals from the middle Pliocene of Seward County, Kansas. University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 30:107115.
Hibbard, C. W. 1949. Pliocene Saw Rock Canyon fauna in Kansas. Contributions Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, 7:91105.
Hibbard, C. W. 1950. Mammals of the Rexroad formation from Fox Canyon, Meade County, Kansas. Contributions Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, 8:113192.
Hibbard, C. W. 1952a. The Saw Rock Canyon fauna and its stratigraphic significance. Papers Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, 38:387411.
Hibbard, C. W. 1952b. A contribution to the Rexroad fauna. Transactions Kansas Academy of Sciences, 55:196208.
Hibbard, C. W. 1954a. A new Pliocene vertebrate fauna from Oklahoma. Papers Michigan Academy Science, Arts, and Letters, 39:339359.
Hibbard, C. W. 1954b. Second contribution to the Rexroad fauna. Papers Michigan Academy Sciences, Arts, and Letters, 57:221237.
Hibbard, C. W. 1956. Vertebrate fossils from the Meade formation of southwestern Kansas. Papers Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, 41:145203.
Hibbard, C. W. 1957. Two new Cenozoic micotine rodents. Journal of Mammalogy, 38:3944.
Hibbard, C. W. 1958. New stratigraphic names for early Pleistocene deposits in southwestern Kansas. American Journal of Science, 256:5459.
Hibbard, C. W. 1962. Two new rodents from the early Pleistocene of Idaho. Journal of Mammalogy, 43:482485.
Hibbard, C. W. 1964. A contribution to the Saw Rock Canyon local fauna of Kansas. Papers Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, 49:115127.
Hibbard, C. W. 1967. New rodents from the late Cenozoic of Kansas. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, 52:115131.
Hibbard, C. W. 1970. Pleistocene mammalian local faunas from the Great Plains and central lowland provinces of the United States, p. 395433. In Dort, W. Jr. and Jones, J. K. Jr. (eds.), Pleistocene and Recent Environments of the Central Great Plains. Department of Geology, University of Kansas Special Publication 3, University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.
Hibbard, C. W. 1972. Class Mammalia, p. 77116. In Skinner, M. F. and Hibbard, C. W. (eds.), Early Pleistocene Preglacial and Glacial Rocks and Faunas of North-Central Nebraska. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, 148:1148.
Honey, J. G., Martin, R. A., and Peláez-Campomanes, P. 1998. The Meade Basin rodent project: summary of stratigraphy and paleontology [Abstract]. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 18:51A.
Jacobs, L. J. 1977. Rodents of the Hemphillian age Redington Local Fauna, San Pedro Valley, Arizona. Journal of Paleontology, 51:505519.
Klingener, D. 1963. Dental evolution of Zapus. Journal of Mammalogy, 44:248260.
Koenigswald, W. Von. 1980. Schmelzstruktur und morphologie in den molaren der Arvicolidae (Rodentia). Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesselschaft, No. 539, 129 p.
Krishtalka, L., and Stucky, R. K. 1985. Revision of the Wind River faunas, early Eocene of central Wyoming, Pt. 7, Revision of Diacodexis (Mammalia, Artiodactyla). Annals Carnegie Museum Natural History, 54:413486.
Lindsay, E. H., and Jacobs, L. L. 1985. Pliocene small mammals from Chihuahua, Mexico. Paleontologia Mexicana, 51:153.
Lindsay, E. H., Obradovich, N. M., and Opdyke, N. D. 1975. Preliminary correlation of North American land mammal ages and geomagnetic chronology, p. 111119. In Smith, G. R. and Friedland, N. E. (eds.), Studies on Cenozoic Paleontology and Stratigraphy. Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, C. W. Hibbard Memorial Volume 3.
Lundelius, E. L., Downs, T., Lindsay, E. H., Semken, H. A., Zakrzewski, R. J., Churcher, C. S., Harington, C. R., Schultz, G. E., and Webb, S. D. 1987. The North American Quaternary sequence, p. 211235. In Woodburne, M. O. (ed.), Cenozoic Mammals of North America. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Martin, J. E. 1984. A survey of Tertiary species of Perognathus (Perognathinae) and a description of a new genus of Heteromyinae, p. 90121. In Mengel, R. M. (ed.), Papers in Vertebrate Paleontology Honoring Robert Warren Wilson. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 9.
Martin, R. A. 1979. Fossil history of the rodent genus Sigmodon. Evolutionary Monographs, 2:136.
Martin, R. A. 1986. Energy, ecology and cotton rat evolution. Paleobiology, 12:370382.
Martin, R. A. 1987. Notes on the classification and evolution of some North American fossil Microtus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 7:270283.
Martin, R. A. 1989. Early Pleistocene zapodid rodents from the Java local fauna of north-central South dakota. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 9:101109.
Martin, R. A. 1993. Patterns of variation and speciation in Quaternary rodents, p. 226280. In Martin, R. A. and Barnosky, A. (eds.), Morphological Change in Quaternary Mammals of North America. Cambridge, New York.
Martin, R. A. 1995. A new middle Pleistocene species of Microtus (Pedomys) from the southern United States, with comments on the taxonomy and early evolution of Pedomys and Pitymys in North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 15:171186.
Martin, R. A. 2000. The taxonomic status of Peromyscus sawrockensis Hibbard, 1964. Paludicola, 2:269272.
Marten, R. A. In press. The status of Mimomys in North America revisited. In Keumer, J. (ed.), Distribution and Migration of Tertiary Mammals in Eurasia. DEINSEA, Rotterdam.
Martin, R. A., and Fairbanks, K. B. 1999. Cohesion and survivorship of a rodent community during the past 4 million years in southwestern Kansas. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 1:2148.
Martin, R. A., and Prince, R. H. 1989. Variation and evolutionary trends in the dentition of late Pleistocene Microtus pennsylvanicus from three levels in Bell Cave, Alabama. Historical Biology, 4:117129.
Martin, R. A., Honey, J. H., and Peláez-Campomanes, P. 2000. The Meade Basin rodent project: a progress report. Paludicola, 3:132.
Mcgrew, P. O. 1944. An early Pleistocene (Blancan) fauna from Nebraska. Field Museum of Natural History, Geological Series, 9:3366.
Meulen, A. J. Van Der. 1973. Middle Pleistocene smaller mammals from the Monte Peglia (Orvieto, Italy) with special reference to the phylogeny of Microtus (Arvicolidae, Rodentia). Quaternaria, 17:1144.
Montuire, S., Michaux, J., Legendre, S., and Aguilar, J.-P. 1997. Rodents and climate 1: a model for estimating past temperatures using arvicolids (Mammalia: Rodentia). Palaeogeography, Paleoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 128:187206.
Mou, Y. 1997. A new arvicoline species (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from the Pliocene Panaca Formation, southeast Nevada. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 17:376383.
Patton, T. H. 1965. A new genus of fossil microtine from Texas. Journal of Mammalogy, 46:466471.
Paulson, G. R. 1961. The mammals of the Cudahy fauna. Papers Michigan Academy Science, Arts, and Letters, 46:127153.
Rabeder, G. 1981. Die arvicoliden (Rodentia, Mammalia) aus dem Pliozän und dem älteren Pleistozän von Niederösterreich. Beitrage zur Paläontologie von österreich, No. 8:1343.
Repenning, C. A., Fejfar, O., and Heinrich, W.-D. 1990. Arvicolid rodent biochronology of the northern hemisphere, p. 385418. In Fejfar, O. and Heinrich, W.-D. (eds.), International Symposium Phylogeny and Biostratigraphy of Arvicolids. Geological Survey, Prague.
Ricklefs, R. E., and Miller, G. L. 1999. Ecology (fourth edition). W. H. Freeman, New York, 822 p.
Rochebrune, A. T. 1883. Faune de la Sénégambie. Mammifères. Acts of the Linnean Society of Bordeaux, 37:49203.
Schwartz, C. W., and Schwartz, E. R. 1981. The Wild Mammals of Missouri. University of Missouri Press, Columbia, 356 p.
Skinner, M. F., and Hibbard, C. W. 1972. Early Pleistocene pre-glacial and glacial rocks and faunas of north-central Nebraska. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 148:1147.
Stevens, J. B. 1965. Geology of the Meade County State Park area, Kansas. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, v. 50, p. 215233.
Strain, W. S. 1966. Blancan mammalian fauna and Pleistocene formations, Hudspeth County, Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Memorial Museum, 10:155.
Taylor, D. W. 1966. Summary of North American Blancan nonmarine mollusks. Malacologia, 4:172.
Tomida, Y. 1987. Small mammal fossils and correlation of continental deposits, Safford and Duncan Basins, Arizona, USA. National Science Museum, Tokyo, 141 p.
Wagner, J. A. 1843. Die Säugthiere in abbildungen nach der natur mit beschreibungen. Supplement, 3:1614.
White, J. A. 1987. The Archaeolaginae (Mammalia, Lagomorpha) of North America, excluding Archaeolagus and Panolax. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 7:425450.
White, J. A. 1991. North American Leporinae (Mammalia: Lagomorpha) from late Miocene (Clarendonian) to latest Pliocene (Blancan). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 11:6789.
Welkins, K. E. 1984. Evolutionary trends in Florida Pleistocene pocket gophers (genus Geomys), with description of a new species. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 3:166181.
Winkler, A. J., and Grady, F. 1990. The middle Pleistocene rodent Atopomys (Cricetidae: Arvicolinae) from the eastern and south-central United States. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 10:484490.
Woodburne, M. O. 1961. Upper Pliocene geology and vertebrate paleontology of part of the Meade Basin, Kansas. Papers Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, 46:61101.
Zakrzewski, R. J. 1967. The primitive vole, Ogmodontomys, from the late Cenozoic of Kansas and Nebraska. Papers Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, 52:133150.
Zakrzewski, R. J. 1969. The rodents from the Hagerman local fauna, upper Pliocene of Idaho. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology University of Michigan, 23:136.
Zakrzewski, R. J. 1970. Notes on kangaroo rats from the Pliocene of southwestern Kansas, with the description of a new species. Journal of Paleontology, 44:474477.
Zakrzewski, R. J. 1975. Pleistocene stratigraphy and paleontology in western Kansas: the state of the art, 1974, p. 121128. In Smith, G. R. and Friedland, N. E. (eds.), Studies on Cenozoic Paleontology and Stratigraphy in Honor of Claude W. Hibbard. The University of Michigan, Museum of Paleontology, Papers on Paleontology 12.
Zakrzewski, R. J. 1981. Kangaroo rats from the Borchers local fauna, Blancan, Meade County, Kansas. Transactions Kansas Academy of Sciences, 84:7888.
Zakrzewski, R. J. 1991. New species of Blancan woodrat (Cricetidae) from north-central Kansas. Journal of Mammalogy, 66:770773.
Zakrzewski, R. J. 1993. Morphological change in woodrat (Rodentia: Cricetidae) molars, p. 392409. In Martin, R. A. and Bamosky, A. (eds.), Morphological Change in Quaternary Mammals of North America. Cambridge, New York.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Blancan lagomorphs and rodents of the Deer Park assemblages, Meade County, Kansas

  • Robert A. Martin (a1), James G. Honey (a2), Pablo Peláez-Campomanes (a3), H. Thomas Goodwin (a4), Jon A. Baskin (a5) and Richard J. Zakrzewski (a6)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.