Boyraz, G., Lightsey, O.R. Jr., & Can, A. (2013). The Turkish version of the meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the measurement invariance across Turkish and American adult samples. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95, 423–431.
Chen, S.Q. (2012). The sense of urgency and the pursuit of ‘Three-Immortal’ — On the personalities of the ancient Chinese scholars-bureaucrats. Science Economy Society, 30, 177–181.
Chen, Z.Y., Yang, X.D., & Li, X.Y. (2009). Psychometric features of CES-D in Chinese Adolescents. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 17, 443–445.
Cheung, G.W., & Rensvold, R.B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9
Crumbaugh, J., & Maholick, C. (1968). Cross-validation of purpose-in-life test based on Frankl's concepts. Journal of Individual Psychology, 24, 74–81.
Damásio, B.F., & Koller, S.H. (2015). Meaning in life questionnaire: Adaptation process and psychometric properties of the brazilian version. Revista Latino Americana De Psicología, 47, 185–195.
Diener, W.N., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75.
Erikson, E.H. (1968). Identity, youth and crisis. New York: Norton.
Frankl, V.E. (1963). Man's search for meaning: An introduction to logotherapy. New York: Washington Square Press.
Frankl, V.E. (1965). The doctor and the soul: From psychotherapy to logotherapy. New York: Vintage Books.
Guan, Y.M., Wang, X.Q., & Lei, C.X. (2011). Survey and suggestion of the tuition — Free students’ gender consciousness majoring in teacher education. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University (Social Sciences Edition), 9, 159–161.
Guo, Q.K., Li, F., Chen, X.X., Wang, W.L., & Meng, Q.M. (2008). Performance of fit indices in different conditions and the selection of cut-off values. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 40, 109–118.
Heine, S.J., Lehman, D.R., Markus, H.R., & Kitayama, S. (1999). Is there a universal need for positive self-regard. Psychological Review, 106, 766–794.
Hu, Y.H. (2013). The impact of family function subjective well-being of junior middle school students: The mediating effects of sense of coherence. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 24, 544–547.
Jing, H.B. (2006). Confucian coping and its role to mental health. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 38, 126–134.
Kiang, L., & Fuligni, A.J. (2010). Meaning in life as a mediator of ethnic identity and adjustment among adolescents from Latin, Asian, and European American backgrounds. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 39, 1253–1264.
King, L.A., Hicks, J.A., Krull, J.L., & Del Gaiso, A.K. (2006). Positive affect and the experience of meaning in life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 179–196.
Kleiman, E.M., Adams, L.M., Kashdan, T.B., & Riskind, J.H. (2013). Gratitude and grit indirectly reduce risk of suicidal ideations by enhancing meaning in life: Evidence for a mediated moderation model. Journal of Research in Personality, 47, 539–546.
Li, C.L. (2016). ‘Boy crisis’, ‘Leftover women’ and ‘Employment Discrimination against female college graduates’: Challenges of reversed gender disparity in education. Collection of Women's Studies, (2), 33–39.
Li, S.L. (2011). Three types of confluence among Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. Journal of Peking University (Philosophy and Social Sciences), 48, 42–51.
Liu, D.Z., Huang, H.X., Jia, F.Q., Gong, Q., Huang, Q., & Xia, L.I. (2011). A new sex-role inventory (CSRI-50) indicates changes of sex role among Chinese college students. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 43, 639–649.
Liu, J.H. (2014). What Confucian philosophy means for Chinese and Asian psychology today: Indigenous roots for a psychology of social change. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 8, 35–42. doi:10.1017/prp.2014.10
Liu, J.H., Yeh, K.H., Wu, Z.W., Liu, L., & Yang, Y.Y. (2015). The importance of gender and affect in adolescents’ beliefs about benevolent authority: Evidence from Chinese indigenous psychology. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 18, 101–114.
Liu, S.-S., & Gan, Y.-Q. (2010). Reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the meaning in life questionnaire. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 24, 478–482.
Mao, L, Y. (2010). On misery-account in the New Testament and Christian social responsibility. Journal of Sichuan Normal University (Social Sciences Edition), 37, 16–23.
Peng, X., & Wang, X.Q. (2011). The research about relationship between Confucian coping and life meaning searching and assertion. Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science, 20, 456–457.
Peng, X., Wang, X.Q., & Guo, C. (2011). The relationship between meaning of life and mental health in Chongqin College students. Chinese Journal of School Health, 32, 1119–1120.
Qin, L., & Wang, X.Q. (2012). The meaning in life and its effects in the students of Sichuan and Chongqing region. Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science, 21, 1131–1132.
Qin, L., Wang, X.Q., & Zhang, D.J. (2013). On middle-school students’ meaning in life: The characteristics of its development and its relationship with learning motivation and academic achievement. Journal of Southwest China Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 35
Qiu, L., Zheng, X., & Wang, Y., F. (2008). Revision of the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale. Chinese Journal of Applied Psychology, (03), 249–254.
Shi, T. (1999). Confucius's san shi er li (三十而立). Journal of Shandong Institute of Mining & Technology (Social Science), 1, 85–89.
Steger, M.F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S., & Kaler, M. (2006). The Meaning in Life Questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53, 80–93.
Steger, M.F., Frazier, P., & Zacchanini, J.L. (2008). Terrorism in two cultures: Stress and growth following September 11 and the madrid train bombings. Journal of Loss & Trauma, 13, 511–527.
Steger, M.F., & Kashdan, T.B. (2007). Stability and specificity of meaning in life and life satisfaction over one year. Journal of Happiness Studies, 8, 161–179.
Steger, M.F., Kawabata, Y., Shimai, S., & Otake, K. (2008). The meaningful life in japan and the united states: Levels and correlates of meaning in life. Journal of Research in Personality, 42
Steger, M.F., Kashdan, T.B., Sullivan, B.A., & Lorentz, D. (2008). Understanding the search for meaning in life: Personality, cognitive style, and the dynamic between seeking and experiencing meaning. Journal of Personality, 76, 199–228.
Steger, M.F., Oishi, S., & Kashdan, T.B. (2009). Meaning in life across the life span: Levels and correlates of meaning in life from emerging adulthood to older adulthood. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 43–52.
Suldo, S.M., & Shaffer, E.J. (2008). Looking beyond psychopathology: The dual-factor model of mental health in youth. School Psychology Review, 37, 52–68.
Temane, L., Khumalo, I.P., & Wissing, M.P. (2014). Validation of the meaning in life questionnaire in a South African context. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 24, 81–95.
Tian, G.Q. (2000). Golden Mean: The correct thoughtway to achieve social harmony. Confucius Studies, (3), 15–22.
Tian, L., Wang, X.Q., & Chen, Z.Q. (2005). Investigation on gender-role expectation of students in a normal university. Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation, 9, 96–98.
Wang, J., Fu, X., Zhang, L., & Kou, Y. (2015). The impacts of moral evaluations and descriptive norms on children's and adolescents’ tolerance of transgression. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 9, 86–96.
Wang, X.Q. (2013). Psychometric evaluation of the Meaning in Life Questionnaire in Chinese middle school students. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 21, 764–767.
Wang, X.Q., Zhang, D.J., & Wang, J.L. (2011). Dual-factor model of mental health: Surpass the traditional mental health model. Psychology, 02, 767–772.
Wang, X., Su, S.F., & Cao, T.T. (2014). The value of education in Chinese ancient civilization. Peking University Education Review, 12, 180–187.
Wang, X., Tu, M., Yang, R., Guo, J., Yuan, Z., & Liu, W. (2016). Determinants of pro-environmental consumption intention in rural China: The role of traditional cultures, personal attitudes and reference groups. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 19, 215–224.
Watson, D., Clark, L.A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANA scale. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 54, 1063–1070.
Yang, K.S., & Lu, L. (2005). Social and individual-oriented self-actualizers: Conceptual analysis and empirical assessment of their psychological characteristics. Research in Indigenous Psychology, (23), 71–143.
Yang, X.T. (2008). Life education in Chinese traditional view. Education, (9), 33–36.
Yang, Z.F.A. (2009). Case of attempt to combine the Chinese traditional culture with the social science: The social psychological research of Zhongyong (中庸). Journal of Renmin University of China, 23, 53–60.
Yang, X.M., Xu, C.J., Wang, T.T., Shen, X.Y., Fu, Q.L., & Jiang, P.Y. (2009). Comparative study on psychological health state of the second grade students in junior middle schools between in urban and rural areas. Chinese General Nursing, 7, 3105–3106.
Yang, X., & Yao, P.K. (2002). Youth and sex: Consciousness and behavior of adolescents in Chinese urban at 1989 to
1999. Shanghai, China: People Publishing House.
Yu, G., Fu, P., Liu, J., & Qu, Q. (2007). Balancing yin & yang: Chinese values orientations and their structures. Nanjing Business Review, 1–33.
Zhai, W.W. (2006). The cognition about female role and its orientation among college students. Journal of Sichun College of education, 22, 41–43.
Zhang, S.Y., & Xu, Y. (2012). Relationship between search for and presence of meaning in life in high school students. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 20, 871–873.
Zhao, B.H. (2007). Test measurement equivalence and operation for AMOS. Chinese Journal of Health Statistics, 24, 659–661.
Zhou, G.L. (1996). The essential difference between religion and Confucian culture. Studies in World Religions, (3), 42–47.