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Recent Developments in Automatic Steering of Ships

  • J. van Amerongen (a1) and H. R. van Nauta Lemke (a1)

Abstract

This paper describes modern autopilots for ships. The development of modern optimal and adaptive control theories, together with the availability of inexpensive and fast digital computer systems, makes possible the design of more sophisticated controllers, which achieve better steering and save fuel. Autopilots which simultaneously control the yaw and roll motions are now being developed. In the near future it is to be expected that advanced track-prediction and track-keeping systems will facilitate the navigation and further contribute to fuel savings. The paper was presented at a Workshop held by the Netherlands branch of the Institute on 21 February 1986.

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Amerongen, J. van (1982). Adaptive Steering of Ships:- a Model-reference Approach to Improved Manoeuvring and Economical Couse Keeping. Ph.D. thesis, Delft University of Technology.
Amerongen, J. van (1984). Adaptive steering of ships – a model-reference approach. Automatica, 20, 3.
Amerongen, J. van and Land, E. F. A. (1979). An adaptive autopilot for trackkeeping. Proc. Int. Symp. Ship Operation Automation (ISSOA), Tokyo Japan.
Amerongen, J. van and Udink ten Cate, A. J. (1975). Model reference adaptive autopilots for ships. Automatica 11, 441.
Amerongen, J. van, van de Klugt, P. G. M., and van Nauta Lemke, H. R. (1983). Roll stabilization of ships by means of the rudder. Proc. Third Yale Workshop on Applic. of Adaptive Systems Theory, New Haven, Conn, USA.
Amerongen, J. van, van der Klugt, P. G. M., and Pieffers, J. B. M. (1984). Model tests and fullscale trials with a rudder-roll stabilization system. Proc. Seventh Ship Control Systems Symp., Bath, UK.
Bosch, P. P. J. van den and Amerongen, J. Van (1984). Software for simulation and optimization applied to ship control systems. Proc. Seventh Ship Control Systems Symp., Bath, UK.
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Hashiguchi, S. (1979). Integrated automatic navigation systems, Proc. Int. Symp. on Ship Operation Automation (ISSOA), Tokyo, Japan.
Källström, C. G. (1922). Control of yaw and roll by a rudder/fin stabilization system. Sixth Ship Control Systems Symp., Ottawa, Canada.
Källström, C. G., Astrom, K. J., Thorell, N. E., Eriksson, J. and Sten, L. (1979). Adaptive autopilots for tankers. Automatica, 15, 241.
Minorsky, N. Directional stability of automatically steered bodies. J. Am. Soc. ofNav. Engrs.
Sperry, E., (1922). Automatic steering. Trans. SNAME.

Recent Developments in Automatic Steering of Ships

  • J. van Amerongen (a1) and H. R. van Nauta Lemke (a1)

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