Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Initial Performance Evaluation of Precise Point Positioning with Triple-Frequency Observations from BDS-2 and BDS-3 Satellites

  • Wenjie Zhang (a1), Hongzhen Yang (a1), Chen He (a1), Zhiqiang Wang (a1), Weiping Shao (a1), Yongfeng Zhang (a2) and Jing Wang (a3)...

Abstract

This paper presents an investigation of the precise point positioning (PPP) performance of a combined solution from BDS-2 and BDS-3 satellites. To simultaneously process different BDS signal observations, i.e., B1/B1C, B2/B2a and B3C, undifferenced and uncombined observations with ionosphere delay constrained by the deterministic plus stochastic ionosphere model are used in the basic model. Special attention is paid to code bias and receiver clock parameters in the derivation of the observation model. The analysis is carried out using more than one-month data for BDS-2 and BDS-3 collected at the CANB, DWIN, KNDY and PETH stations in the Asia-Pacific region. The results suggest that compared with BDS-2 alone, the BDS-2 and BDS-3 solution provides significantly more accurate PPP, with increases of 28%, 21% and 5% in the up, north and east directions, respectively. In addition, the average root mean square error decreases to 0·21, 0·13 and 0·16 m for the three directions. Furthermore, the PPP convergence time for BDS-2 and BDS-3 is about 1·5 h and less than 1 h for the horizontal and vertical components, respectively, whereas that for BDS-2 alone is about 2·3 h for both directions.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Cai, C. and Gao, Y. (2007). Precise point positioning using combined GPS and GLONASS observations. Journal of Global Positioning Systems, 6(1), 1322.
Ge, M., Zhang, H., Jia, X., Song, S., and Wickert, J. (2012). What is achievable with current COMPASS constellations? Proceedings of the 25th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS 2012), 331–339. Institute of Navigation, Nashville, TN.
Gu, S., Shi, C., Lou, Y., Feng, Y., and Ge, M. (2013). Generalized-positioning for mixed-frequency of mixed-GNSS and its preliminary applications. China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2013 Proceedings, Vol. 244, 399–428. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37404-3_35
Gu, S., Lou, Y., Shi, C., and Liu, J. (2015a). BeiDou phase bias estimation and its application in precise point positioning with triple-frequency observable. Journal of Geodesy, 89(10), 979992. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-015-0827-z
Gu, S., Shi, C., Lou, Y., and Liu, J. (2015b). Ionospheric effects in uncalibrated phase delay estimation and ambiguity-fixed PPP based on raw observable model. Journal of Geodesy, 89(5), 447457. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-015-0789-1
Heki, K., Miyazaki, S., Takahashi, H., Kasahara, M., Kimata, F., Miura, S., Vasilenko, N., Ivashchenko, A., and An, K. (1999). The Amurian Plate motion and current plate kinematics in eastern Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 104(B12), 2914729155. http://doi.org/10.1029/1999JB900295
Hu, C., Wang, Q., Wang, Z., and Hernández Moraleda, A. (2018). New-generation BeiDou (BDS-3) experimental satellite precise orbit determination with an improved cycle-slip detection and repair algorithm. Sensors, 18 (5), 1402. http://doi.org/10.3390/s18051402
Kouba, J. and Héroux, P. (2001). Precise point positioning using IGS orbit and clock products. GPS Solutions, 5(2), 1228.
Lou, Y., Zheng, F., Gu, S., Wang, C., Guo, H., and Feng, Y. (2015). Multi-GNSS precise point positioning with raw single-frequency and dual-frequency measurement models. GPS Solutions, 20(4), 849862. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10291-015-0495-8
Lou, Y., Gong, X., Gu, S., Zheng, F., and Feng, Y. (2016). Assessment of code bias variations of BDS triple-frequency signals and their impacts on ambiguity resolution for long baselines. GPS Solutions, 21(1), 177186. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10291-016-0514-4
Ren, X., Yang, Y., Zhu, J., and Xu, T. (2017). Orbit determination of the next-generation Beidou satellites with intersatellite link measurements and a priori orbit constraints. Advances in Space Research, 60(10), 21552165. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2017.08.024
Schönemann, E., Becker, M. and Springer, T. (2011). A new approach for GNSS analysis in a multi-GNSS and multi-signal environment. Journal of Geodetic Science, 1(3), 204214.
Shi, C., Lou, Y., Zhang, H., Zhao, Q., Geng, J., Wang, R., Fang, R., and Liu, J. (2010). Seismic deformation of the Mw 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake from high-rate GPS observations. Advances in Space Research, 46(2), 228235. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2010.03.006
Shi, C., Yi, W., Song, W., Lou, Y., Yao, Y., and Zhang, R. (2013). GLONASS pseudorange inter-channel biases and their effects on combined GPS/GLONASS precise point positioning. GPS Solutions, 17(4), 439451. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10291-013-0332-x
Shi, C., Zheng, F., Lou, Y., Gu, S., Zhang, W., Dai, X., Li, X., Guo, H., and Gong, X. (2017). National BDS Augmentation Service System (NBASS) of China: progress and assessment. Remote Sensing, 9(8), 837. http://doi.org/10.3390/rs9080837
Shi, C., Guo, S., Gu, S., Yang, X., Gong, X., Deng, Z., Ge, M., and Schuh, H. (2018). Multi-GNSS satellite clock estimation constrained with oscillator noise model in the existence of data discontinuity. Journal of Geodesy, 34(6). http://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-018-1178-3
Teunissen, P. and Montenbruck, O. (2017). Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systema. Cham: Springer.
Wu, J.T., Wu, S.C., Hajj, G.A., Bertiger, W.I., Lichten, S.M. (1993). Effects of antenna orientation on GPS carrier phase. Manuscr Geod, 18, 9198.
Xie, X., Geng, T., Zhao, Q., Liu, J., and Wang, B. (2017). Performance of BDS-3: measurement quality analysis, precise orbit and clock determination. Sensors, 17(6). http://doi.org/10.3390/s17061233
Yang, Y., Xu, Y., Li, J., and Yang, C. (2018). Progress and performance evaluation of BeiDou global navigation satellite system: data analysis based on BDS-3 demonstration system. Science China Earth Sciences, 61(5), 614624. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-017-9186-9
Yang, X., Gu, S., Gong, X., Song, W., Lou, Y., and Liu, J. (2019). Regional BDS satellite clock estimation with triple-frequency ambiguity resolution based on undifferenced observation. GPS Solutions, 23(2), 1083. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10291-019-0828-0
Ye, F., Yuan, Y. and Ou, J. (2018). Initial orbit determination of BDS-3 satellites based on new code signals. Geodesy and Geodynamics, in press. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.geog.2018.06.002
Zhang, X., Li, X., Lu, C., Wu, M., and Pan, L. (2017). A comprehensive analysis of satellite-induced code bias for BDS-3 satellites and signals. Advances in Space Research, in press. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2017.11.031
Zhang, B., Teunissen, P., Yuan, Y., Zhang, H., and Li, M. (2018). Joint estimation of vertical total electron content (VTEC) and satellite differential code biases (SDCBs) using low-cost receivers. Journal of Geodesy, 92(4), 401413
Zhao, Q., Wang, Y., Gu, S., Zheng, F., Shi, C., Ge, M., and Schuh, H. (2018). Refining ionospheric delay modeling for undifferenced and uncombined GNSS data processing. Journal of Geodesy, 56(3), 209216. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-018-1180-9
Zheng, F., Lou, Y., Gu, S., Gong, X., and Shi, C. (2017). Modeling tropospheric wet delays with national GNSS reference network in China for BeiDou precise point positioning. Journal of Geodesy, 20(2), 187–16. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-017-1080-4
Zhou, F., Dong, D., Ge, M., Li, P., Wickert, J., and Schuh, H. (2018). Simultaneous estimation of glonass pseudorange inter-frequency biases in precise point positioning using undifferenced and uncombined observations. GPS Solutions, 22(1), 19.
Zumberge, J., Heflin, M., Jefferson, D., Watkins, M., and Webb, F. (1997). Precise point positioning for the efficient and robust analysis of GPS data from large networks. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 102(B3), 50055017.

Keywords

Initial Performance Evaluation of Precise Point Positioning with Triple-Frequency Observations from BDS-2 and BDS-3 Satellites

  • Wenjie Zhang (a1), Hongzhen Yang (a1), Chen He (a1), Zhiqiang Wang (a1), Weiping Shao (a1), Yongfeng Zhang (a2) and Jing Wang (a3)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.