Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The impact of political crisis on smallholder pig farmers in western Kenya, 2006–2008*

  • Cate E. Dewey (a1), Jared M. Wohlgemut (a1), Mike Levy (a1) and Florence K. Mutua (a2)

Abstract

Farmers and families in western Kenya have grown increasingly dependent on the pig industry as a primary resource for savings and income. The post-election crisis in 2008 had a serious impact on people living in western Kenya because the region was the stronghold of the opposition Orange Democratic Movement (ODM). The pig industry was affected in a number of ways, including an increase in the price of food and farm inputs, sale of pigs to provide food and other essentials for the family, or because of forced migration, leading to a drastic decrease in numbers of pigs. This will have a negative effect on the long-term viability of the pig industry due to decreased availability of growing, breeding and market weight animals.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Footnotes

Hide All
*

Collaboration with International Livestock Research Institute (Kenya) was greatly appreciated. We thank all the smallholder pig farmers, local pig butchers and government extension workers for their participation and cooperation in this study. Funding for this project was provided by Veterinarians without Borders-Vétérinaires Sans Frontières (Canada), and the University of Guelph through the Bull Travel Fund. The research work was approved by the Director of Veterinary Services in Kenya; the Board of Postgraduate Studies, University of Nairobi; and the Animal Care Committee and the Research Ethics Board of the University of Guelph.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Bohnstedt, A. 2008. ‘Anatomy of the crisis’, African Business 339: 1620.
Campbell, E. 2006. ‘Urban refugees in Nairobi: problems of protection, mechanisms of survival, and possibilities for integration’, Journal of Refugee Studies 19, 3: 396413.
Chege, M. 2008. ‘Kenya: back from the brink?’, Journal of Democracy 19, 4: 125–39.
Crisp, J. 2000. ‘A state of insecurity: the political economy of violence in Kenya's refugee camps’, African Affairs 99, 397: 601–32.
Dagne, T. 2008. ‘Kenya: the December 2007 elections and the challenges ahead’, CRS Report for Congress 17/9, available at: http://assets.opencrs.com/rpts/RL34378_20080917.pdf.
Gonzalez, M. A. & Lopez., R. A. 2007. ‘Political violence and farm household efficiency in Colombia’, Economic Development and Cultural Change 55, 2: 367–92.
Gregory, N. & Grandin., T. 2007. Animal Welfare and Meat Production. Wallingford: CABI.
Kagira, J. M. et al. 2010. ‘Characteristics of the smallholder free-range pig production system in western Kenya’, Tropical Animal Health Production 42, 5: 865–73.
Kerner, D. O. & Cook., K. 1991. ‘Gender, hunger, and crisis in Tanzania’, in Downs, T. E., Kerner, D. O. & Reyna, S. P., eds. The Political Economy of African Famine. Philadelphia, PA: Gordon & Breach, 257–72.
Kiai, M. 2008. ‘The political crisis in Kenya: a call for justice & peaceful resolution’, Review of African Political Economy 35: 140–4.
Kilonzo, S. 2009. ‘Ethnic minorities wedged up in post-election violence in Kenya: a lesson for African governments’, Critical Arts 23, 2: 245–51.
Klopp, J. & Kamungi., O. P. 2008. ‘Violence and elections: will Kenya collapse?’, World Policy Journal 24, 1: 1118.
Lekule, F. P. & Kyvsgaard., N. C. 2003. ‘Improving pig husbandry in tropical resource-poor communities and its potential to reduce risk of porcine cysticercosis’, Acta Tropica 87, 1: 111–17.
Levy, M., Dewey, C., Weersink, A. & Mutua., F. K. 2009a. ‘Challenges of rural and peri-urban pig butcher businesses in western Kenya’, in Proceedings of the 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Durban: 366.
Levy, M., Dewey, C., Weersink, A. & Mutua., F. K. 2009b. ‘Comparative profitability of pig butcher businesses in western Kenya’, Proceedings of the 12th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Durban: 544.
Mueller, S. 2008. ‘The political economy of Kenya's crisis’, Journal of Eastern African Studies 2, 2: 185210.
Mutua, F. K. et al. 2010a. ‘Farmer perceptions on indigenous pig farming in Kakamega District, Western Kenya’, Nordic Journal of African Studies 19, 1: 4357.
Mutua, F. K. et al. 2010b. ‘Pig management in rural villages of Busia and Kakamega District in Western Kenya’, Proceedings of the 21st International Pig Veterinary Society Congress, Vancouver: 278.
Mutua, F. K. et al. 2010c. ‘Performance of sows in rural villages of Western Kenya’, Proceedings of the 21st International Pig Veterinary Society Congress, Vancouver: 1099.
Mutua, F. K. et al. 2011. ‘Prediction of live body weight using length and girth measurements for pigs in rural Western Kenya’, Journal of Swine Health Production 19, 1: 2633.
Nasongo, J., Achoka, J. & Wamocha., L. 2009. ‘Is forgiveness and amnesty a panacea to Kenya's postconflict crisis?’, African Journal of Political Science and International Relations 3, 4: 122–32.
Obonyo, C., Omondi, D. & Mwinzi., P. 2008. ‘Public-health crisis after the election violence in Kenya’, The Lancet, 371: 1319–21.
Okitoi, L., Ondwasy, H., Siamba, D. & Nkurumah., D. 2007. ‘Traditional herbal preparations for indigenous poultry health management in Western Kenya’, Livestock Research for Rural Development 19, 5, available at: http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd19/5/okit19072.htm.
Oluoko-Odingo, A. 2009. ‘Determinants of poverty: lessons from Kenya’, GeoJournal 74, 4: 311–31.
Rajan, M. 1974. ‘Road to detente: a synoptic view’, International Studies 13, 4: 567–75.
Rosset, P. 2008. ‘Food sovereignty and the contemporary food crisis’, Development 51, 4: 460–3.
Thornton, P. K. et al. 2002. Mapping People, Livestock Production Systems, Livestock and Poverty: the East African picture. Available at: http://www.ilri.org/InfoServ/Webpub/fulldocs/Mappoverty/index.htm, accessed 30.1.2011.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2005. MDG Status Report for Kenya, 2005. Nairobi: UNDP.
Wadhams, N. 2008. ‘Kenya's road to recovery: can the parks be saved?’, National Geographic Adventure Magazine, available at: http://adventure.nationalgeographic.com/2008/04/special-report/kenya-tourism-text/2, accessed 11.10.2009.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

The impact of political crisis on smallholder pig farmers in western Kenya, 2006–2008*

  • Cate E. Dewey (a1), Jared M. Wohlgemut (a1), Mike Levy (a1) and Florence K. Mutua (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.