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Winning the war, but losing the peace? The dilemma of SPLM/A civil administration and the tasks ahead

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 February 2005

Adam Branch
Affiliation:
Columbia University.
Zachariah Cherian Mampilly
Affiliation:
University of California, Los Angeles.

Abstract

The debate over peace in Sudan has centred on the ongoing talks in Naivasha, Kenya. This paper argues, however, that sustainable peace is not simply a function of the implementation of an agreement between the SPLA and Khartoum, but that other fracture lines will run through post-conflict Sudan. Here we draw attention to the rupture between the Dinka, dominant within the SPLA, and the Equatorian peoples of the far south, hundreds of thousands of whom were driven from their homes or faced with economic and political oppression under SPLA occupation. As these refugees return, it will be through local government structures that Equatorians will or will not be integrated into the SPLA political project for Southern Sudan. Thus, local government figures prominently in the possibility for sustainable peace. We describe the origins and structure of local government in Southern Sudan, situating it in the history of political tension between Dinka and Equatorians. We then describe the challenge of equitably distributing land and foreign aid to returnees in the context of ethnic politics and a massive NGO presence.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2004 Cambridge University Press

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Footnotes

The authors offer their thanks for the comments and suggestions made by two anonymous reviewers and by the participants at the Sudan Studies Association meeting (28.5.2004), where an earlier version of this paper was presented.

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Winning the war, but losing the peace? The dilemma of SPLM/A civil administration and the tasks ahead
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