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Types of Synaesthesia

  • Lorna Simpson (a1) and Peter McKellar (a1)


Synaesthesia is defined by Vernon (1937) as a phenomenon in which “a stimulus presented in one mode seems to call up imagery of another mode as readily as that of its own”. The discovery of synaesthesia has sometimes been wrongly attributed to Galton. Galton (1883) certainly describes instances, but reports on earlier descriptions, for example those published in 1881 by Bleuler and Lehmann.



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Galton, F., Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development, 1883, London: Everyman.
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Huxley, A., The Doors of Perception, 1954. London: Chatto and Windus.
Kerr, M., and Pear, T. H., Brit. J. Psychol., 1932, 23, 2.
Klüver, H., “Mechanisms of Hallucinations”, Studies in Personality in Honour of Lewis M. Terman, 1942. 10, Ed. Bernreuter, R. G. et al. New York: McGraw Hill.
McKellar, P., and Simpson, L., Brit. J. Psychol., 1954, 45, 4.
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Vernon, M. D., Visual Perception, 1937. London: Cambridge Univ. Press.
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Types of Synaesthesia

  • Lorna Simpson (a1) and Peter McKellar (a1)


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Types of Synaesthesia

  • Lorna Simpson (a1) and Peter McKellar (a1)
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