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Dynamic Analysis and Preliminary Evaluation of a Spring-Loaded Upper Limb Exoskeleton for Resistance Training with Overload Prevention

  • T.-M. Wu (a1) and D.-Z. Chen (a1)


Resistance training has been shown to be effective for developing musculoskeletal strength and is recommended by many major health organizations, such as the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. This form of training is available for most populations, including adolescents, healthy adults, the elderly, and the clinical population. Resistance training equipment design relies heavily on the analysis of human movement. Dynamic models of human movement help researchers identify key forces, movements, and movement patterns that should be measured. An at-home resistance training upper limb exoskeleton has been designed with a three-degree-of-freedom shoulder joint and a one-degree-of-freedom elbow joint to allow movement of the upper limb at single and multiple joints in different planes. The exoskeleton can continuously increase the resistance as the spring length changes to train more muscle groups and to reduce the potential risk of muscle injury to the upper limb by free weights and training equipment. The objectives of this research were to develop a dynamic model of the spring-loaded upper limb exoskeleton and to evaluate this model by adopting an appropriate motion analysis system to verify our hypotheses and to determine the optimal configuration of a spring-loaded upper limb exoskeleton for further verification studies.


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