Highly sinter-active powders of RE2O3 [rare earth (RE) = Gd, Eu, Dy] have been prepared using the corresponding metal nitrates as the oxidants, and glycine and citric acid as the fuels. Two different oxidant-to-fuel ratios, namely stoichiometric ratio and fuel-deficient ratio were used to explore the possibility of preparing different crystallographic modifications. By a careful control of oxidant-to-fuel ratio, nanocrystalline Eu2O3 and Gd2O3 could be prepared in cubic (C-type) as well as monoclinic (B-type) modifications. However, the high-temperature monoclinic modification could not be obtained for Dy2O3 due to a very high C-to-B-type phase transition temperature. The crystallite size, surface area, and sintering behavior were also studied for powders prepared using different oxidant-to-fuel ratios, and the results showed a remarkable correlation between different fuel contents and powder properties. Some of these powders resulted in pellets of nearly theoretical density. The sintered microstructure was studied by scanning electron microscopy.