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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of bond structure between polyvinyl alcohol and a titanate cross-coupling agent

  • Mehmet A. Gülgün (a1), Oludele O. Popoola (a1) and Waltraud M. Kriven (a1)

Abstract

Chemical interactions between polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and triethanol amine titanate chelate were studied using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The titanate chelate cross coupled the PVA solution and produced a viscous gel. The gel had a three-dimensional network structure containing -CPVA-O-Ti-O-CPVA- organic complexes. A new C(ls) signature at 285.7 eV and an O(ls) signature at 531.25 eV were associated with the formation of these complexes. The water of the PVA solution was physically retained in the gelled structure and was readily available for chemical reactions. The removal of this entrapped water was irreversible and led to a collapsed film of Ti-cross-linked PVA.

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a)Present address: Material Systems Rcliability Department, Ford Research Laboratory, Dearborn, Michigan 48121.

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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of bond structure between polyvinyl alcohol and a titanate cross-coupling agent

  • Mehmet A. Gülgün (a1), Oludele O. Popoola (a1) and Waltraud M. Kriven (a1)

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