Skip to main content Accessibility help

Two-dimensional ordered polymer hollow sphere and convex structure arrays based on monolayer pore films

  • Yue Li (a1), Weiping Cai (a1), Guotao Duan (a1), Bingqiang Cao (a1) and Fengqiang Sun (a1)...


A two-step replication strategy to two-dimensional ordered polymer hollow sphere and convex structure arrays is presented based on polystyrene colloidal monolayer and inverse opal made of FeO(OH). We can control formation of a small hole on top of the hollow spheres by the concentration of polymer precursors, which could be of importance in selective permeability, nutrient and drug deliver, biotechnology, and even study of black-body irradiation in micro or nano space. In addition, the fabrication strategy is suitable for the most soluble polymer materials, which can solidify when they are concentrated.


Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:


Hide All
1.Hagleitner, C., Hierlemann, A., Lange, D., Kummer, A., Kerness, N., Brand, O. and Baltes, H.: Smart single-chip gas sensor microsystem. Nature 414, 293 (2001).
2.Sirringhaus, H., Tessler, N. and Friend, R.H.: Integrated optoelectronic devices based on conjugated polymers. Science 280, 1741 (1998).
3.Tanaka, M., Motomura, T., Kawada, M., Anzai, T., Shiroya, T., Shimura, K. and Onishi, M.: Blood compatible aspects of poly(2-methoxyethylacrylate) (PMEA)—Relationship between protein adsorption and platelet adhesion on PMEA surface. Biomaterials 21, 1471 (2000).
4.Wang, D. and Caruso, F.: Fabrication of polyaniline inverse opals via templating ordered colloidal assemblies. Adv. Mater. 13, 350 (2001).
5.Park, S.H. and Xia, Y.: Assembly of mesoscale particles over large areas and its application in fabricating tunable optical filters. Langmuir 15, 266 (1999).
6.Sakurai, Y., Okuda, S., Nishiguchi, H., Nagayama, N. and Yokoyama, M.: Microlens array fabrication based on polymer electrodeposition. J. Mater. Chem. 13, 1862 (2003).
7.Ostuni, E., Chen, C.S., Ingber, D.E. and Whitesides, G.M.: Selective deposition of proteins and cells in arrays of microwells. Langmuir 17, 2828 (2001).
8.Jiang, P., Hwang, K.S., Mittleman, D.M., Bertone, J.F. and Colvin, V.L.: Template-directed preparation of macroporous polymers with oriented and crystalline arrays of voids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 11630 (1999).
9.Fudouzi, H. and Xia, Y.: Colloidal crystals with tunable colors and their use as photonic papers. Langmuir 19, 9653 (2003).
10.Campbell, M., Sharp, D.N., Harrison, M.T., Denning, R.G. and Turberfield, A.J.: Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography. Nature 404, 53 (2000).
11.Xia, Y. and Whitesides, G.M.: Soft lithography. Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 28, 153 (1998).
12.Odom, T.W., Love, J.C., Wolfe, D.B., Paul, K.E. and Whitesides, G.M.: Improved pattern transfer in soft lithography using composite stamps. Langmuir 18, 5314 (2002).
13.Kim, D-Y., Tripathy, S.K., Li, L. and Kumar, J.: Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films. Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166 (1995).
14.Imhof, A. and Fine, D.J.: Ordered macroporous materials by emulsion templating. Nature 389, 948 (1997).
15.Velev, O.D., Lenhoff, A.M. and Kaler, E.W.: A class of microstructured particles through colloidal crystallization. Science 287, 2240 (2000).
16.Yi, D.K., Seo, E-M. and Kim, D-Y.: Surface-modulation-controlled three-dimensional colloidal crystals. Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 225 (2002).
17.Zheng, H., Lee, I., Rubner, M.F. and Hammond, P.: Two component particle arrays on patterned polyelectrolyte multilayer templates. Adv. Mater. 14, 569 (2002).
18.Holland, B.T., Blanford, C.F. and Stein, A.: Synthesis of macroporous minerals with highly ordered three-dimensional arrays of spheroidal voids. Science 281, 538 (1998).
19.Wijnhoven, J.E.G.J. and Vos, W.L.: Preparation of photonic crystals made of air spheres in titania. Science 281, 802 (1998).
20.Wang, D. and Caruso, F.: Lithium niobate inverse opals prepared by templating colloidal crystals of polyelectrolyte-coated spheres. Adv. Mater. 15, 205 (2003).
21.Chen, X., Chen, Z., Fu, N., Lu, G. and Yang, B.: Versatile nanopatterned surfaces generated via three-dimensional colloidal crystals. Adv. Mater. 15, 1413 (2003).
22.Sun, F.Q., Cai, W.P., Li, Y., Cao, B.Q., Lei, Y. and Zhang, L.D.: Morphology-controlled growth of large-area two-dimensional ordered pore arrays. Adv. Funct. Mater. 14, 283 (2004).
23.Kulinowski, K.M., Jiang, P., Vaswani, H. and Colvin, V.L.: Porous metals from colloidal from colloidal templates. Adv. Mater. 12, 833 (2000).
24.Jiang, P., Hwang, K.S., Mittleman, D.M., Bertone, J.F. and Colvin, V.L.: Template directed preparation of macroporous polymers with oriented and crystalline arrays of voids. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 11630 (1999).
25.Jiang, P., Cizeron, J., Bertone, J.F. and Colvin, V.L.: Preparation of macroporous metal films from colloidal crystals. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 7957 (1999).
26.Park, S.H. and Xia, Y.: Macroporous memberanes with highly ordered and three-dimensionally interconnected spherical pores. Adv. Mater. 10, 1045 (1998).
27.Park, S.H. and Xia, Y.: Fabrication of three-dimensional macroporous membranes with crystalline lattices of polymer beads as templates. Chem. Mater. 7, 1745 (1998).
28.Jensen, T.R., Schatz, G.C. and Duyne, R.P.V.: Nanosphere lithography: Surface plasmon resonance spectrum of a periodic array of silver nanoparticles by ultraviolet-visible extinction spectroscopy and electrodynamic modeling. J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 2394 (1999).
29.Yi, D.K. and Kim, D.Y.: Polymer nanosphere lithography: fabrication of an ordered trigonal polymeric nanostructure. Chem. Commun. 3, 982 (2003).
30.Winzer, M., Kleiber, M., Dix, N. and Wiesendanger, R.: Fabrication of nano-dot- and nano-ring-arrays by nanosphere lithography. Appl. Phys. A 63, 617 (1996).
31.Huang, Z.P., Carnahan, D.L., Rybczynski, J., Giersig, M., Wang, D.Z., Wen, J.G., Kempa, K. and Ren, Z.F.: Growth of large periodic arrays of carbon nanotubes. Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 460 (2003).
32.Imhof, A.: Preparation and characterization of titania-coated polystyrene spheres and hollow titania shells. Langmuir 17, 3579 (2001).
33.Breen, M.L., Dinsmore, A.D., Pink, R.H., Qadri, S.B. and Ratna, B.R.: Sonochemically produced ZnS-coated polystyrene core-shell particles for use in photonic crystals. Langmuir 17, 903 (2001).
34.Chah, S., Fendler, J.H. and Yi, J.: Nanostructured gold hollow microspheres prepared on dissolvable ceramic hollow sphere templates. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 250, 142 (2002).
35.Castillo, R., Koch, B., Ruiz, P. and Delmon, B.: Influence of preparation methods on the texture and structure of titania supported on silica. J. Mater. Chem. 4, 903 (1994).
36.Meier, W.: Polymer nanocapsules. Chem. Soc. Rev. 29, 295 (2000).
37.Huang, H. and Resen, E.E.: Nanocages derived from shell cross-linked micelle templates. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 3805 (1999).
38.Haynes, C.L. and Duyne, R.P.V.: Nanosphere lithography: A versatile nanofabrication tool for studies of size-dependent nanoparticle optics. J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 5599 (2001).
39.Hulteen, J.C., Treichel, D.A., Smith, M.T., Duval, M.L., Jensen, T.R. and Duyne, R.P.V.: Nanosphere lithography: Size-tunable silver nanoparticle and surface cluster arrays. J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 3854 (1999).
40.Djalali, R., Samson, J. and Matsui, H.: Doughnut-shaped peptide nano-assemblies and their applications as nanoreactors. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 7935 (2004).
41.Dinsmore, A.D., Hsu, M.F., Nikolaides, M.G., Marquez, M., Bausch, A.R. and Weitz, D.A.: Colloidosomes: Selectively permeable capsules composed of colloidal particles. Science 298, 1006 (2002).
42.Lu, Y., Yin, Y. and Xia, Y.: A self-assembly approach to the fabrication of patterned, two-dimensional arrays of microlenses of organic polymers. Adv. Mater. 13, 34 (2001).
43.Gu, E., Choi, H.W., Liu, C., Griffin, C., Girkin, J.M., Watson, I.M., Dawson, M.D., McConnell, G. and Gurney, A.M.: Reflection/transmission confocal microscopy characterization of single-crystal diamond microlens arrays. Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2754 (2004).


Two-dimensional ordered polymer hollow sphere and convex structure arrays based on monolayer pore films

  • Yue Li (a1), Weiping Cai (a1), Guotao Duan (a1), Bingqiang Cao (a1) and Fengqiang Sun (a1)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed