Skip to main content Accessibility help

Synthesis, electrochemical, and microstructural study of precursor-derived LiMn2O4 powders

  • Yumi H. Ikuhara (a1), Yuji Iwamoto (a1), Koichi Kikuta (a2) and Shin-ichi Hirano (a2)


Stable and homogeneous alkoxide precursor solutions of lithium ethoxyethoxide and manganese ethoxyethoxide in 2-ethoxyethanol were synthesized by ligand exchange reaction of lithium isopropoxide and manganese 2-ethoxide, respectively, with 2-ethoxyethanol. [Li–Mn–O] precursor solution was prepared by mixing these modified alkoxide precursor solutions. LiMn2O4 powders were successfully synthesized by pyrolysis of the [Li–Mn–O] precursor powder in O2 temperature as low as 200 °C. The nanocrystalline LiMn2O4 powders 20–50 mm in diameter after heat treatment up to 700 °C consisted of the ordered (111) plane and performed with good cyclability as the cathode materials for Li secondary batteries.


Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to this author. Present address: Japan Fine Ceramics Center, Research and Development Laboratory, 2-4-1 Mutsuno, Atsuta-ku, Nagoya, 456-8587, Japan.


Hide All
1.Thackeray, M.M., Johnson, P.J., de Picciotto, L.A., Bruce, P.G., and Goodenough, J.B., Mater. Res. Bull. 19, 179 (1984).
2.Bach, S., Pereira-Ramos, J.P., Baffier, N., and Messina, R., Electrochim. Acta 37, 1301 (1992).
3.Rossouw, M.H., de Kock, A., de Picciotto, L.A., Thackeray, M.M., David, W.I.F, and Ibberson, R.M., Mater. Res. Bull. 25, 173 (1990).
4.Ohzuku, T., Kitagawa, M., and Taketsugu, H., J. Electrochem. Soc. 137, 769 (1990).
5.Huang, H. and Bruce, P.G., J. Electrochem. Soc. 141, 185 (1994).
6.Tarascon, J.M., McKinnon, W.R., Coowar, F., Bowmer, T.N., Amatucci, G., and Guyomard, D., J. Electrochem. Soc. 141, 1421 (1994).
7.Gummow, R.J., de Kock, A., and Thackeray, M.M., Solid State Ionics 69, 59 (1994).
8.Masquelier, C., Tabuchi, M., Ado, K., Kanno, R., Kobayashi, Y., Maki, Y., Nakamura, O., Goodenough, J.B., J. Solid State Chem. 123, 256 (1996).
9.Guyomard, D. and Tarascon, J.M., J. Electrochem. Soc. 139, 937 (1992).
10.Reimers, J.N. and Dahn, J.R., J. Electrochem. Soc. 139, 2091 (1992).
11.Gummow, R.J., Liles, D.C., Thackeray, M.M., and David, W.I.F, Mater. Res. Bull. 28, 1177 (1993).
12.Thomas, M.G.S.R, David, W.I.F, Goodenough, J.B., and Gloves, P., Mater. Res. Bull. 20, 1137 (1985).
13.Dahn, J.R., von Sacken, U., Michael, C.A., Solid State Ionics 44, 87 (1990).
14.Hirano, A., Kanno, R., Kawamoto, Y., Takeda, Y., Yamaura, K., Takano, M., Ohyama, K., Ohashi, M., Yamaguchi, Y., Solid State Ionics 78, 123 (1995).
15.Jiang, Z. and Abraham, K.M., J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 1591 (1996).
16.Endres, P., Fuchs, B., Kemmler-Sack, S., Brandt, K., FaustBecker, G., Praas, H-W., Solid State Ionics, 89, 221 (1996).
17.Tsumura, T., Shimizu, A., and Inagaki, M., Solid State Ionics 90, 197 (1996).
18.Bach, S., Henry, M., Baffier, N., and Livage, J., J. Solid State Chem. 88, 325 (1990).
19.Barboux, P., Tarascon, J.M., and Shokoohi, F.K., J. Solid State Chem. 94, 185 (1991).
20.Tsumura, T., Shimizu, A., and Inagaki, M., J. Mater. Chem. 3, 995 (1993).
21.Liu, W., Farringtonaa, G.C., Chaput, F. and Dunn, B., J. Electrochem. Soc. 143, 879 (1996).
22.Hall, W.H., Proc. Phys. Soc. 62, 714 (1949).

Synthesis, electrochemical, and microstructural study of precursor-derived LiMn2O4 powders

  • Yumi H. Ikuhara (a1), Yuji Iwamoto (a1), Koichi Kikuta (a2) and Shin-ichi Hirano (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed