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Kelly, S. M. and McVey, R. W. 2007. Fabrication of Fe-based bulk metallic glass components using laser additive manufacturing. p. 901.
Wang, G.Y. Liaw, P.K. Yokoyama, Y. Inoue, A. and Liu, C.T. 2008. Fatigue behavior of Zr-based bulk-metallic glasses. Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 494, Issue. 1-2, p. 314.
Yao, J. H. Wang, J. Q. and Li, Y. 2008. Ductile Fe–Nb–B bulk metallic glass with ultrahigh strength. Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue. 25, p. 251906.
Park, E.S. Chang, H.J. Kyeong, J.S. and Kim, D.H. 2008. Role of minor addition of metallic alloying elements in formation and properties of Cu–Ti-rich bulk metallic glasses. Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 23, Issue. 07, p. 1995.
Lewandowski, J. J. Gu, X. J. Shamimi Nouri, A. Poon, S. J. and Shiflet, G. J. 2008. Tough Fe-based bulk metallic glasses. Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue. 9, p. 091918.
Sunny, George Yuan, Fuping Prakash, Vikas and Lewandowski, John 2008. Effect of high strain rates on peak stress in a Zr-based bulk metallic glass. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 104, Issue. 9, p. 093522.
Gu, X. J. Poon, S. Joseph Shiflet, Gary J. and Widom, Michael 2008. Mechanical properties, glass transition temperature, and bond enthalpy trends of high metalloid Fe-based bulk metallic glasses. Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue. 16, p. 161910.
Shamimi Nouri, A. Gu, X.J. Poon, S.J. Shiflet, G.J. and Lewandowski, J.J. 2008. Chemistry (intrinsic) and inclusion (extrinsic) effects on the toughness and Weibull modulus of Fe-based bulk metallic glasses. Philosophical Magazine Letters, Vol. 88, Issue. 11, p. 853.
Facchini, Laura Bruna, Pere Pineda, Eloi and Crespo, Daniel 2008. Mössbauer characterization of an amorphous steel with optimal Mo content. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 354, Issue. 47-51, p. 5138.
Iqbal, M. Akhter, J.I. Zhang, H.F. and Hu, Z.Q. 2008. Synthesis and characterization of bulk amorphous steels. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 354, Issue. 28, p. 3284.
Iqbal, M. Akhter, J.I. Zhang, H.F. and Hu, Z.Q. 2008. Synthesis and characterization of a multicomponent Fe-based bulk amorphous alloy. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 354, Issue. 52-54, p. 5363.
Wang, H. J. Gu, X. J. Poon, S. J. and Shiflet, G. J. 2008. Electronic structure of Fe-based amorphous alloys studied using electron-energy-loss spectroscopy. Physical Review B, Vol. 77, Issue. 1,
Gu, X.J. Poon, S. Joseph Shiflet, Gary J. and Widom, Michael 2008. Ductility improvement of amorphous steels: Roles of shear modulus and electronic structure. Acta Materialia, Vol. 56, Issue. 1, p. 88.
Büttner, M. Shiflet, G. J. Gu, X. J. Poon, S. J. and Reinke, P. 2009. Influence of erbium on the electronic structure of Fe(65−x)Mo14C15B6Erx (x=0,1,2) bulk metallic glasses. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, Issue. 2, p. 023518.
Wang, Gongyao Liaw, Peter K. Senkov, Oleg N. Miracle, Daniel B. and Morrison, Mark L. 2009. Mechanical and Fatigue Behavior of Ca65Mg15Zn20Bulk-Metallic Glass. Advanced Engineering Materials, Vol. 11, Issue. 1-2, p. 27.
Demetriou, Marios D. Kaltenboeck, Georg Suh, Jin-Yoo Garrett, Glenn Floyd, Michael Crewdson, Chase Hofmann, Douglas C. Kozachkov, Henry Wiest, Aaron Schramm, Joseph P. and Johnson, William L. 2009. Glassy steel optimized for glass-forming ability and toughness. Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 95, Issue. 4, p. 041907.
Keryvin, V. Hoang, V.H. and Shen, J. 2009. Hardness, toughness, brittleness and cracking systems in an iron-based bulk metallic glass by indentation. Intermetallics, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 211.
Shamimi Nouri, A. Liu, Y. and Lewandowski, J.J. 2009. Effects of Thermal Exposure and Test Temperature on Structure Evolution and Hardness/Viscosity of an Iron-Based Metallic Glass. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 40, Issue. 6, p. 1314.
Yang, Y. Ye, J.C. Lu, J. Liu, F.X. and Liaw, P.K. 2009. Effects of specimen geometry and base material on the mechanical behavior of focused-ion-beam-fabricated metallic-glass micropillars. Acta Materialia, Vol. 57, Issue. 5, p. 1613.
Ha, Hung M. and Payer, Joe H. 2009. Devitrification of Fe-Based Amorphous Metal SAM 1651: A Structural and Compositional Study. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 40, Issue. 11, p. 2519.
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Iron-based bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) are characterized by high fracture strengths and elastic moduli, with some exhibiting fracture strengths near 4 GPa, 2–3 times those of conventional high-strength steels. Among the Fe-based BMGs, the non-ferromagnetic ones, designated “non-ferromagnetic amorphous steel alloys” by two of the present authors [S.J. Poon et al.: Appl. Phys. Lett.83, 1131 (2003)], have glass-forming ability high enough to form single-phase glassy rods with diameters reaching 16 mm. Fe-based BMGs designed for structural applications must exhibit some plasticity under compression. However, the role of alloy composition on plastic and brittle failures in metallic glasses is largely unknown. In view of a recently observed correlation that exists between plasticity and Poisson’s ratio for BMGs, compositional effects on plasticity and elastic properties in amorphous steels were investigated. For the new amorphous steels, fracture strengths as high as 4.4 GPa and plastic strains reaching ∼0.8% were measured. Plastic failure instead of brittle failure was observed as the Poisson’s ratio approached 0.32 from below. Investigation of the relationship between the elastic moduli of the alloys and those of the alloying elements revealed that interatomic interactions in addition to the elastic moduli of the alloying elements must be considered in designing ductile Fe-based BMGs. The prospects for attaining high fracture toughness in Fe-based BMGs are discussed in this article.
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- ISSN: 0884-2914
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