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Measurement of Gibbs energy of formation of LaGaO3 using a composition-graded solid electrolyte

  • K. Thomas Jacob (a1), Niladri Dasgupta (a2), Helfried Näfe (a3) and Fritz Aldinger (a3)


A composition-graded solid electrolyte (LaF3)y · (CaF2)1-y was used for the measurement of the standard Gibbs energy of formation of LaGaO3 from its component oxides. An equimolar mixture of CaO and CaF2 was employed as the reference electrode. The composition of the working electrode depended on temperature. A three-phase mixture of LaGaO3 + Ga2O3 + LaF3 was used in the temperature range from 910 to 1010 K, while a mixture of LaGaO3 + Ga2O3 + LaO1-xF1+2x was employed from 1010 to 1170 K. Both the reference and working electrodes were placed under pure oxygen gas. Because of the high activity of LaF3 at the working electrode, there was significant diffusion of LaF3 into CaF2. The composition-graded electrolyte was designed to minimize the electrode–electrolyte interaction. The concentration of LaF3 varied across the solid electrolyte; from y = 0 near the reference electrode to a maximum value y = 0.32 at the working electrode. For the correct interpretation of the electromotive force at T > 1010 K, it was necessary to use thermodynamic properties of the lanthanum oxyfluoride solid solution. The standard Gibbs energy of formation of LaGaO3 from its component oxides according to the reaction, ½La2O3 (A-rare earth) + ½Ga2O3 (b) → LaGaO3 (rhombohedral) can be represented by the equation: δGo f,(ox) /J mol -1 = –46 230 + 7.75 T/K (±1500).


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