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Lattice site and photoluminescence of erbium implanted in α–Al2O3

  • G. N. van den Hoven (a1), A. Polman (a1), E. Alves (a2), M. F. da Silva (a2), A. A. Melo (a2) and J. C. Soares (a3)...

Abstract

Single-crystal sapphire (α–Al2O3) was implanted at room temperature with 200 keV erbium ions to a fluence of 8 × 1013 cm–2. Ion channeling using 1.6 MeV He+ shows that the crystal suffers little damage for this low dose implant. Angular scans through axial and planar directions in the crystal indicate that 70% of the Er atoms reside on displaced octahedral sites in the α–Al2O3 lattice. As pure Al2O3 has a high density of free octahedral sites, this explains why high concentrations of Er can be dissolved in this material. Smaller fractions of Er are found on tetrahedral (20%) and random (10%) sites. The samples exhibit strongly peaked photoluminescence spectra around 1.5 μm, due to intra-4f transitions in Er3+, indicating the existence of well-defined sites for the luminescing Er3+ ions. It is concluded that the octahedral site is the dominating optically active site in the lattice.

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Lattice site and photoluminescence of erbium implanted in α–Al2O3

  • G. N. van den Hoven (a1), A. Polman (a1), E. Alves (a2), M. F. da Silva (a2), A. A. Melo (a2) and J. C. Soares (a3)...

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