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Interface microstructures between Ni-P alloy plating and Sn–Ag–(Cu) lead-free solders

  • Chi-Won Hwang (a1), Katsuaki Suganuma (a1), Masayuki Kiso (a2) and Shigeo Hashimoto (a2)


The interface microstructures of Sn-Ag and Sn-Ag-Cu solders with Au/Ni-6P plating were studied primarily using transmission electron microscopy. During soldering at 230°C, Au dissolved into molten solder, and double reaction layers of Ni3Sn4/η–Ni3SnP formed between Sn-3.5Ag solder and Ni-6P layer. P content increases in the surface region of the Ni-6P layer due to the depletion of Ni diffused into molten solder, resulting in the formation of Ni3P+Ni layer. For Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu solder, an η-(Ni,Cu)3Sn2 single layer, containing Cu of about 50 at.%, formed as a reaction layer.


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