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In situ chemical synthesis of SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

  • Haijiao Zhang (a1), Panpan Xu (a2), Yang Ni (a2), Hongya Geng (a2), Guanghong Zheng (a3), Bin Dong (a3) and Zheng Jiao (a4)...

Abstract

In the work, an in situ chemical synthesis approach has been developed to fabricate SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites in ethanol solution. X-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron, Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectrum revealed the formation of SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed that SnO2 nanoparticles had a crystal size of about 3–4 nm and homogeneously distributed on reduced graphene oxide matrix. The electrochemical performances of the SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites as anode materials were measured by the galvanostatic charge/discharge cycling. The results indicated that as-synthesized SnO2/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites had a reversible lithium storage capacity of 1051 mAh/g and an enhanced cyclability, which can be attributed to increased electrode conductivity and buffer effect to volume change in the presence of a percolated reduced graphene oxide network embedded into the metal oxide electrodes.

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Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to these authors. e-mail: zjiao@shu.edu.cn

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