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Lahiri, Indranil Oh, Sung-Woo Hwang, Jun Y. Cho, Sungjin Sun, Yang-Kook Banerjee, Rajarshi and Choi, Wonbong 2010. High Capacity and Excellent Stability of Lithium Ion Battery Anode Using Interface-Controlled Binder-Free Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes Grown on Copper. ACS Nano, Vol. 4, Issue. 6, p. 3440.
Eom, Ji-Yong and Kwon, Hyuk-Sang 2011. Preparation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube/Silicon Composites and Their Lithium Storage Properties. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 3, Issue. 4, p. 1015.
Song, Bo Yang, Junwei Zhao, Jijun and Fang, Haiping 2011. Intercalation and diffusion of lithium ions in a carbon nanotube bundle by ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 1379.
Eom, Ji-Yong and Kwon, Hyuk-Sang 2011. Effects of the chemical etching of single-walled carbon nanotubes on their lithium storage properties. Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 126, Issue. 1-2, p. 108.
Noerochim, Lukman Wang, Jia-Zhao Chou, Shu-Lei Wexler, David and Liu, Hua-Kun 2012. Free-standing single-walled carbon nanotube/SnO2 anode paper for flexible lithium-ion batteries. Carbon, Vol. 50, Issue. 3, p. 1289.
Martínez, José G. Sugino, Takushi Asaka, Kinji and Otero, Toribio F. 2012. Electrochemistry of Carbon Nanotubes: Reactive Processes, Dual Sensing-Actuating Properties and Devices. ChemPhysChem, Vol. 13, Issue. 8, p. 2108.
Hu, Xiaoyan Xiao, Ting Huang, Wei Tao, Wei Heng, Bojun Chen, Xinqi and Tang, Yiwen 2012. Synthesis, characterization of core–shell carbon-coated CaSnO3 nanotubes and their performance as anode of lithium ion battery. Applied Surface Science, Vol. 258, Issue. 17, p. 6177.
Azam, Mohd Asyadi Manaf, Nor Syafira Abdul Talib, Elyas and Bistamam, Mohd Shahril Amin 2013. Aligned carbon nanotube from catalytic chemical vapor deposition technique for energy storage device: a review. Ionics, Vol. 19, Issue. 11, p. 1455.
Xiong, Zhili Yun, Young and Jin, Hyoung-Joon 2013. Applications of Carbon Nanotubes for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes. Materials, Vol. 6, Issue. 3, p. 1138.
Carter, Rachel Oakes, Landon Cohn, Adam P. Holzgrafe, Jeffrey Zarick, Holly F. Chatterjee, Shahana Bardhan, Rizia and Pint, Cary L. 2014. Solution Assembled Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Foams: Superior Performance in Supercapacitors, Lithium-Ion, and Lithium–Air Batteries. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue. 35, p. 20137.
Meng, Xiangbo He, Kai Su, Dong Zhang, Xiaofeng Sun, Chengjun Ren, Yang Wang, Hsien-Hau Weng, Wei Trahey, Lynn Canlas, Christian P. and Elam, Jeffrey W. 2014. Gallium Sulfide-Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Composites: High-Performance Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue. 34, p. 5435.
Xiao, Biwei Li, Xifei Li, Xia Wang, Biqiong Langford, Craig Li, Ruying and Sun, Xueliang 2014. Graphene Nanoribbons Derived from the Unzipping of Carbon Nanotubes: Controlled Synthesis and Superior Lithium Storage Performance. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue. 2, p. 881.
Jana, M. Sil, A. and Ray, S. 2014. Morphology of carbon nanostructures and their electrochemical performance for lithium ion battery. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 75, Issue. 1, p. 60.
Xu, Yuan Gong, Jiang Chen, Xuecheng Kalenczuk, Ryszard J. Mijiowska, Ewa Liu, Wenbin and Tang, Tao 2014. Creation of mesopores in carbon nanotubes with improved capacities for lithium ion batteries. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 16, Issue. 45, p. 25071.
Meng, Xiangbo Riha, Shannon C. Libera, Joseph A. Wu, Qingliu Wang, Hsien-Hau Martinson, Alex B.F. and Elam, Jeffrey W. 2015. Tunable core-shell single-walled carbon nanotube-Cu 2 S networked nanocomposites as high-performance cathodes for lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 280, Issue. , p. 621.
Shim, Hyung Cheoul Bang, Sungrok Yoon, Dong-Myung Kong, Yongsun and Yu, Taehwan 2015. High-performance LiMn0.8Fe0.2PO4 with hybrid conductive additives based on functionalized and etched multi-walled carbon nanotubes by self-destruction during the lithiation process. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 649, Issue. , p. 1315.
Kang, Chiwon Cha, Eunho Patel, Mumukshu Wu, H. and Choi, Wonbong 2016. Three-Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures for Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries. C, Vol. 2, Issue. 4, p. 23.
Otero, Toribio F. Martinez, Jose G. and Asaka, Kinji 2016. Faradaic and Capacitive Components of the CNT Electrochemical Responses. Frontiers in Materials, Vol. 3, Issue. ,
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The effects of ball milling on lithium (Li) insertion/extraction properties into/from single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were investigated. The SWNTs were synthesized on supported catalysts by thermal chemical-vapor deposition method, purified, and mechanically ball-milled by high-energy ball milling. The purified SWNTs and the ball-milled SWNTs were electrochemically inserted/extracted with Li. The structural and chemical modifications in the ball-milled SWNTs change the insertion/extraction properties of Li ions into/from the ball-milled SWNTs. The reversible capacity (Crev) increases with increase in the ball milling time, from 616 mAh/g (Li1.7C6) for the purified SWNTs to 988 mAh/g (Li2.7C6) for the ball-milled SWNTs. The undesirable irreversible capacity (Cirr) decreases continuously with increase in the ball milling time, from 1573 mAh/g (Li4.2C6) for the purified SWNTs to 845 mAh/g (Li2.3C6) for the ball-milled SWNTs. The enhanced Crev of the ball-milled SWNTs is presumably due to a continuous decrease in the Cirr because the SWNTs develop a densely packed structure on the ball milling process. The insertion of Li ions into the ball-milled SWNTs is facilitated by various Li insertion sites formed during the ball milling process in spite of small surface area than the purified SWNTs. Lithium ions inserted into various insertion sites enhance the Crev in the ball-milled SWNTs with the large voltage hysteresis by hindrance of the extraction of Li ions from the ball-milled SWNTs. In addition, the ball-milled samples exhibit more stable cycle capacities than the purified samples during the charge/discharge cycling.
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