Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal

  • Shangqian Sun (a1), Huaijin Zhang (a2), Haohai Yu (a2), Honghao Xu (a2), Hengjiang Cong (a2) and Jiyang Wang (a2)...

Abstract

Nd-doped LaVO4 crystals with the concentration up to 0.94 at.% were successfully grown by the Czochralski method. X-ray powder diffraction measurement reveals that this crystal belongs to a monoclinic space group P21/n. Refractive indices of Nd:LaVO4 have been measured with two right angle prisms for the first time to our knowledge and show that they are anisotropic. Its absorption and fluorescence spectra are also investigated. With the Judd–Ofelt theory, the optical parameters calculated are Ω2 = 2.142 × 10−20 cm2, Ω4 = 3.704 × 10−20 cm2, and Ω6 = 2.948 × 10−20 cm2. By these parameters, the absorption oscillator strengths, line strengths, transition probabilities, fluorescence branch ratios, radiative lifetime, and integrated emission cross section are also derived and compared with familiar vanadates, which show that Nd:LaVO4 is a atypical material and has potential applications in the lasers, especially in the pulsed lasers.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: hjzhang@icm.sdu.edu.cn

References

Hide All
1.Fang, Z.M., Hong, Q., Zhou, Z.H., Dai, S.J., Weng, W.Z., and Wan, H.L.: Oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over a series of low-temperature rare earth orthovanadate catalysts prepared by the nitrate method. Catal. Lett. 61, 39 (1999).
2.Bass, M.: Electrooptic Q switching of the Nd:YVO4 laser without an intracavity polarizer. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 938 (1975).
3.O’Connor, J.R.: Unusual crystal-field energy levels and efficient laser properties of YVO4:Nd. Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 407 (1966).
4.Levine, A.K., and Palilla, F.C.: A new, highly efficient red-emitting cathodoluminescent phosphor (YVO4:Eu) for color television. Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 118 (1964).
5.Maunier, C., Doualan, J.L., and Moncorgé, R.: Growth, spectroscopic characterization, and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4, a new infrared laser material that is suitable for diode pumping. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1794 (2002).
6.Jensen, T., Ostroumov, V.G., Meyn, J-P., Huber, G., Zagumennyi, A.I., and Shcherbalov, L.A.: Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4. Appl. Phys. B 58, 373 (1994).
7.Fields, R.A., Birnbaum, M., and Fincher, C.L.: Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode -laser end-pumped laser. Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885 (1987).
8.Zhang, H., Liu, J., Wang, J., Wang, C., Zhu, L., Shao, Z., Meng, X., Hu, X., Jiang, M., and Chow, Y.T.: Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 18 (2002).
9.Yu, H.H., Zhang, H.J., Wang, Z.P., Wang, J.Y., Shao, Z.S., and Jiang, M.H.: CW and Q-switched laser output of LD-end-pumped 1.06 μm c-cut Nd:LuVO4 laser. Opt. Express 15, 3206 (2007).
10.Rice, C.E., and Robinson, W.: Lanthanum orthovanadate. Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B 32, 2232 (1976).
11.Zhang, L., Hu, Z., Lin, Z., and Wang, G.: Growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:LaVO4 crystal. J. Cryst. Growth 260, 460 (2004).
12.Zhang, L.Z., Lin, Z.B., and Wang, G.F.: Growth and spectral properties of Yb3+ doped LaVO4 crystal. Mater. Res. Innovations 10, 421 (2006).
13.Cong, H.J., Zhang, H.J., Sun, S.Q., Yu, Y.G., Yu, W.T., Yu, H.H., Zhang, J., Wang, J.Y., and Boughton, R.I.: Morphological study of Czochralski-grown lanthanide orthovanadate single crystals and implications on the mechanism of bulk spiral formation. J. Appl. Crystallogr. 43, 308 (2010).
14.Bashir, J., and Nasir Khan, M.: X-ray power diffraction analysis of crystal structure of lanthanum orhtovanadate. Mater. Lett. 60, 470 (2006).
15.Fan, T.Y., Huang, C.E., Hu, B.Q., Eckanrdt, R.C., Fan, Y.X., Byer, R.L., and Feigelson, R.S.: Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux-grown KTiOPO4. Appl. Opt. 26, 2390 (1987).
16.Studenikin, P.A., Zagumennyi, A.I., Zavartsev, Y.D., Popov, P.A., and Shcherbakov, I.A.: GdVO4 as a new medium for solid-state lasers: Some optical and thermal properties of crystals doped with Cd3+, Tm3+, and Er3+ ions. Quantum Electron. 25, 1162 (1995).
17.Kaminskii, A.A., Ueda, K-I., Eichler, H.J., Kuwano, Y., Kouta, H., Bagaev, S.N., Chyba, T.H., Barnes, J.C., Gad, G.M.A., Murai, T., and Lu, J.: Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4-new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers. Opt. Commun. 194, 201 (2001).
18.Judd, B.R.: Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions. Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).
19.Ofelt, G.S.: Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions. J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).
20.Carnal, W.T., Fields, P.R., and Wybourne, B.G.: Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, Tm3+, and Yb3+. J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3797 (1965).
21.Carnal, W.T., Fields, P.R., and Rajnak, K.: Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+. J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968).
22.Wang, G.F., Lin, Z.B., Hu, Z.S., Han, T.P.J., Gallagher, H.G., and Wells, J-P.R.: Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal. J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755 (2001).
23.Jiang, H.D., Zhang, H.J., Wang, J.Y., Xia, H.R., Hu, X.B., Teng, B., and Zhang, C.Q.: Optical and laser properties of Nd:GdVO4 crystal. Opt. Commun. 198, 447 (2001).
24.Liu, F.Q., Xia, H.R., Gao, W.L., Ran, D.G., Sun, S.Q., Ling, Z.C., Zhao, P., Zhang, H.J., Zhao, S.R., and Wang, J.Y.: Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal. Cryst. Res. Technol. 42, 260 (2007).
25.Kaminskii, A.A.: Laser Crystals (Springer-Verlag, 14, New York, 1981); pp. 164165.
26.Carnall, W.T., Crosswhite, H., and Crosswhit, H.M.: Argonne National Laboratory Special Report (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL), 1977.
27.Zhang, H.J., Meng, X.L., Zhu, L., Wang, C.Q., Chow, Y.T., and Lu, M.K.: Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal. Opt. Mater. 14, 25 (2000).
28.Kaczmarker, S.M., Lukasiewicz, T., Giersz, W., Jablonski, R., Jabczynski, J.K., Swrkowicz, M., Galazka, Z., Drozdowski, W., and Kwasny, M.: Growth and optical properties of Nd:YVO4 laser crystals. Opto-Electron. Rev. 7(2), 149 (1999).
29.Krupke, W.F.: Induced-emission cross sections in neodymium laser glasses. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 450 (1974).

Keywords

Growth and optical properties of Nd:LaVO4 monoclinic crystal

  • Shangqian Sun (a1), Huaijin Zhang (a2), Haohai Yu (a2), Honghao Xu (a2), Hengjiang Cong (a2) and Jiyang Wang (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed