- Cited by 55
Bermingham, M.J. McDonald, S.D. Nogita, K. St. John, D.H. and Dargusch, M.S. 2008. Effects of boron on microstructure in cast titanium alloys. Scripta Materialia, Vol. 59, Issue. 5, p. 538.
Bermingham, M.J. McDonald, S.D. Dargusch, M.S. and StJohn, D.H. 2008. The mechanism of grain refinement of titanium by silicon. Scripta Materialia, Vol. 58, Issue. 12, p. 1050.
Bermingham, M.J. McDonald, S.D. StJohn, D.H. and Dargusch, M.S. 2009. Segregation and grain refinement in cast titanium alloys. Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 24, Issue. 04, p. 1529.
Bermingham, M.J. McDonald, S.D. StJohn, D.H. and Dargusch, M.S. 2009. Beryllium as a grain refiner in titanium alloys. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 481, Issue. 1-2, p. L20.
Short, A. B. 2009. Gas tungsten arc welding ofα+βtitanium alloys: a review. Materials Science and Technology, Vol. 25, Issue. 3, p. 309.
Qian, Ma 2010. Heterogeneous Nucleation and Grain Formation on Spherical and Flat Substrates. Materials Science Forum, Vol. 654-656, Issue. , p. 1339.
Bermingham, Michael J. McDonald, Stuart D. Dargusch, Matthew S. and StJohn, David H. 2010. Effect of Oxygen on the β-Grain Size of Cast Titanium. Materials Science Forum, Vol. 654-656, Issue. , p. 1472.
Oh, J.-M. Lim, J.-W. Lee, B.-G. Suh, C.-Y. Cho, S.-W. Lee, S.-W. and Choi, G.-S. 2010. Grain Refinement and Hardness Increase of Titanium via Trace Element Addition. MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, Vol. 51, Issue. 11, p. 2009.
Bermingham, M.J. McDonald, S.D. St John, D.H. and Dargusch, M.S. 2010. Titanium as an endogenous grain-refining nucleus. Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 90, Issue. 6, p. 699.
Bermingham, M.J. McDonald, S.D. Buddery, A.J. StJohn, D.H. and Dargusch, M.S. 2011. Processing considerations for cast Ti–25Nb–3Mo–3Zr–2Sn biomedical alloys. Materials Science and Engineering: C, Vol. 31, Issue. 7, p. 1520.
IBRAHIM, Khaled M. MHAEDE, Mansour and WAGNER, Lothar 2011. Mechanical characterization of cp-Ti produced by investment casting. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Vol. 21, Issue. 8, p. 1735.
Huang, L G Kong, F T Chen, Y Y Xiao, S L and Xu, L J 2012. Effects of trace TiB2on microstructure in cast titanium alloys. International Journal of Cast Metals Research, Vol. 25, Issue. 6, p. 358.
Ibrahim, Khaled M. Mhaede, Mansour and Wagner, Lothar 2012. Effect of Annealing Temperature on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Hot Swaged cp-Ti Produced by Investment Casting. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, p. 114.
Wang, Feng Liu, Zhilin Qiu, Dong Taylor, John A. Easton, Mark A. and Zhang, Ming-Xing 2013. Revisiting the role of peritectics in grain refinement of Al alloys. Acta Materialia, Vol. 61, Issue. 1, p. 360.
Antonysamy, A.A. Meyer, J. and Prangnell, P.B. 2013. Effect of build geometry on the β-grain structure and texture in additive manufacture of Ti6Al4V by selective electron beam melting. Materials Characterization, Vol. 84, Issue. , p. 153.
Liu, Zhilin Wang, Feng Qiu, Dong Taylor, John A. and Zhang, Mingxing 2013. The Effect of Solute Elements on the Grain Refinement of Cast Zn. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 44, Issue. 9, p. 4025.
Helth, A. Siegel, U. Kühn, U. Gemming, T. Gruner, W. Oswald, S. Marr, T. Freudenberger, J. Scharnweber, J. Oertel, C.-G. Skrotzki, W. Schultz, L. and Eckert, J. 2013. Influence of boron and oxygen on the microstructure and mechanical properties of high-strength Ti66Nb13Cu8Ni6.8Al6.2 alloys. Acta Materialia, Vol. 61, Issue. 9, p. 3324.
IBRAHIM, Khaled M. HUSSEIN, Abdel Hamied and ABDELKAWY, Mohamed 2013. Effect of Si-addition as a grain refiner on microstructure and properties of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Vol. 23, Issue. 7, p. 1863.
Liu, Zhilin Qiu, Dong Wang, Feng Taylor, John A. and Zhang, Mingxing 2014. The grain refining mechanism of cast zinc through silver inoculation. Acta Materialia, Vol. 79, Issue. , p. 315.
WANG, Feng QIU, Dong LIU, Zhi-lin TAYLOR, John EASTON, Mark and ZHANG, Ming-xing 2014. Crystallographic study of Al3Zr and Al3Nb as grain refiners for Al alloys. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Vol. 24, Issue. 7, p. 2034.
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Despite the importance of the prior-β grain structure in determining the properties of titanium-based alloys, there are few published studies on methods of controlling the size of these grains in commercial alloys. The existing research raises questions about the relative importance of solute elements in grain-refining mechanisms, particularly the common alloying elements of aluminum and vanadium. The effect of these elements was investigated by producing a series of castings in a nonconsumable arc-melting furnace, and the results were interpreted with the aid of available phase-diagram information and solute-based models of grain refinement. A small reduction in grain size was obtained with increasing solute additions; however, this was not expected from the theoretical analysis. Possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed.
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