Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Glass-forming ability and differences in the crystallization behavior of ribbons and rods of Cu36Zr48Al8Ag8 bulk glass-forming alloy

  • Dmitri V. Louzguine-Luzgin (a1), Guoqiang Xie, Song Li, Qingsheng Zhang, Wei Zhang, C. Suryanarayana (a2) and Akihisa Inoue (a1)...

Abstract

The crystallization behavior of melt-spun ribbons and bulk samples of the Cu36Zr48Al8Ag8 glassy alloy on heating is presented here. The crystallization kinetics and structural changes in the Cu36Zr48Al8Ag8 glassy alloy were studied using x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, differential scanning, and isothermal calorimetry methods. A clear comparison is made of the differences in the crystallization kinetics of the melt-spun ribbons and the copper-mold-cast bulk rod samples. It was suggested that the kinetics of crystallization in the rod sample, at any given temperature, are somewhat different than in the ribbon samples, probably because of size and free volume effects. Differences in the crystallization behavior of this alloy with other Cu-Zr-Al-Ag alloys have also been discussed.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: dml@wpi-aimr.tohoku.ac.jp
b) Present address: Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-2450.

References

Hide All
1.Inoue, A.: High strength bulk amorphous alloys with low critical cooling rates. Mater. Trans., JIM 36, 866 (1995).
2.Johnson, W.L.: Bulk glass-forming metallic alloys: Science and technology. MRS Bull. 24(10), 42 (1999).
3.Inoue, A.: Stabilization of metallic supercooled liquid and bulk amorphous alloys. Acta Mater. 48, 279 (2000).
4.Xu, D.H., Duan, G., and Johnson, W.L.: Unusual glass-forming ability of bulk amorphous alloys based on ordinary metal copper. Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 245504 (2004).
5.Turnbull, D. and Cohen, M.H.: Free-volume model of the amorphous phase: Glass transition. J. Chem. Phys. 34, 120 (1961).
6.Lu, Z.P. and Liu, C.T.: A new glass-forming ability criterion for bulk metallic glasses. Acta Mater. 50, 3501 (2002).
7.Louzguine-Luzgin, D.V. and Inoue, A.: Nano-devitrification of glassy alloys. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 5, 999 (2005).
8.Inoue, A. and Zhang, W.: Formation, thermal stability and mechanical properties of Cu-Zr and Cu-Hf binary glassy alloy rods. Mater. Trans. 45, 584 (2004).
9.Xu, D., Lohwongwatana, B., Duan, G., Johnson, W.L., and Garland, C.: Bulk metallic glass formation in binary Cu-rich alloy series – Cu100−xZrx (x=34, 36, 38.2, 40 at.%) and mechanical properties of bulk Cu64Zr36 glass. Acta Mater. 52, 2621 (2004).
10.Wang, D., Li, Y., Sun, B.B., Sui, M.L., Lu, K., and Ma, E.: Bulk metallic glass formation in the binary Cu–Zr system. Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4029 (2004).
11.Inoue, A., Zhang, W., and Saida, J.: Synthesis and fundamental properties of Cu-Based bulk glassy alloys in binary and multi-component systems. Mater. Trans. 45, 1153 (2004).
12.Inoue, A., Zhang, W., Tsurui, T., Yavari, A.R., and Greer, A.L.: Unusual room-temperature compressive plasticity in nanocrystal-toughened bulk copper-zirconium glass. Philos. Mag. Lett. 85, 221 (2005).
13.Inoue, A., Zhang, W., Zhang, T., and Kurosaka, K.: High-strength Cu-based bulk glassy alloys in Cu–Zr–Ti and Cu–Hf–Ti ternary systems. Acta Mater. 49, 2645 (2001).
14.Inoue, A. and Zhang, W.: Formation, thermal stability and mechanical properties of Cu-Zr-Al bulk glassy alloys. Mater. Trans. 43, 2921 (2002).
15.Zhang, W. and Inoue, A.: Formation and mechanical strength of new Cu-based bulk glassy alloys with large supercooled liquid region. Mater. Trans. 45, 1210 (2004).
16.Inoue, A., Negishi, T., Kimura, H.M., Zhang, T., and Yavari, A.R.: High packing density of Zr- and Pd-based bulk amorphous alloys. Mater. Trans., JIM 39, 318 (1998).
17.Busch, R., Bakke, E., and Johnson, W.L.: Viscosity of the supercooled liquid and relaxation at the glass transition of the Zr46.75Ti8.25Cu7.5Ni10Be27.5 bulk metallic glass forming alloy. Acta Mater. 46, 4725 (1998).
18.Greer, A.L.: Metallic glasses. Science 267, 1947 (1995).
19.Zhang, Q., Zhang, W., and Inoue, A.: Preparation of Cu36Zr48Ag8Al8 bulk metallic glass with a diameter of 25 mm by copper mold casting. Mater. Trans. 48, 629 (2007).
20.Altounian, Z., Guo-hua, T., and Ström-Olsen, J.O.: Crystallization characteristics of Cu-Zr metallic glasses from Cu70Zr30 to Cu25Zr75. J. Appl. Phys. 53, 4755 (1982).
21.Mattern, N., Schops, A., Kuhn, U., Acker, J., Khvostikova, O., and Eckert, J.: Structural behavior of CuxZr100−x metallic glass (x = 35—70). J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1054 (2008).
22.Nagahama, D., Ohkubo, T., Mukai, T., and Hono, K.: Characterization of nanocrystal dispersed Cu60Zr30Ti10 metallic glass. Mater. Trans. 46, 1264 (2005).
23.Jiang, J.Z., Saida, J., Kato, H., Ohsuna, T., and Inoue, A.: Is Cu60Ti10Zr30 a bulk glass-forming alloy? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4041 (2003).
24.Louzguine, D.V. and Inoue, A.: Nanocrystallization of Cu-(Zr or Hf)-Ti metallic glasses. J. Mater. Res. 17, 2112 (2002).
25.Louzguine, D.V. and Inoue, A.: Evaluation of the thermal stability of a Cu60Hf25Ti15 metallic glass. Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2561 (2002).
26.Kasai, M., Saida, J., Matsushita, M., Osuna, T., Matsubara, E., and Inoue, A.: Structure and crystallization of rapidly quenched Cu-(Zr or Hf)-Ti alloys containing nanocrystalline particles. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14, 13867 (2002).
27.Jiang, J.Z., Yang, B., Saksl, K., Franz, H., and Pryds, N.: Crystallization of Cu60Ti20Zr20 metallic glass with and without pressure. J. Mater. Res. 18, 895 (2003).
28.Fan, G.J., Fu, L.F., Qiao, D.C., Choo, H., Liaw, P.K., Browning, N.D., and Löffler, J.F.: Effect of microalloying on the glass-forming ability of Cu60Zr30Ti10 bulk metallic glass. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 4218 (2007).
29.Louzguine, D.V. and Inoue, A.: Influence of Ni and Co additions on supercooled liquid region, devitrification behaviour and mechanical properties of Cu-Zr-Ti bulk metallic glass. J. Metastable & Nanocrystalline Mater. 15–16, 31 (2003).
30.Yokoyama, Y., Inoue, H., Fukaura, K., and Inoue, A.: Relationship between the liquidus surface and structures of Zr-Cu-Al bulk amorphous alloys. Mater. Trans. 43, 575 (2002).
31.Ma, D., Tan, H., Wang, D., Li, Y., and Ma, E.: Strategy for pinpointing the best glass-forming alloys. Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 191906 (2005).
32.Das, J., Tang, M.B., Kim, K.B., Theissmann, R., Baier, F., Wang, W.H., and Eckert, J.: “Work-Hardenable” ductile bulk metallic glass. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 205501 (2005).
33.Das, J., Pauly, S., Duhamel, C., Wei, B.C., and Eckert, J.: Microstructure and mechanical properties of slowly cooled Cu47.5Zr47.5Al5. J. Mater. Res. 22, 326 (2007).
34.Pauly, S., Das, J., Duhamel, C., and Eckert, J.: Martensite formation in a ductile Cu47.5Zr47.5Al5 bulk metallic glass composite. Adv. Eng. Mater. 9, 487 (2007).
35.Zhang, W. and Inoue, A.: High glass-forming ability and good mechanical properties of new bulk glassy alloys in Cu-Zr-Ag ternary system. J. Mater. Res. 21, 234 (2006).
36.Duan, G., De Blauwe, K., Lind, M.L., Schramm, J.P., and Johnson, W.L.: Compositional dependence of thermal, elastic, and mechanical properties in Cu–Zr–Ag bulk metallic glasses. Scr. Mater. 58, 159 (2008).
37.Jia, F., Zhang, W., and Inoue, A.: Effects of additional Hf on the thermal stability and mechanical properties of Cu-Zr-Ag bulk glassy alloys. Mater. Trans. 47, 1922 (2006).
38.Dai, C-L., Guo, H., Shen, Y., Li, Y., Ma, E., and Xu, J.: A new centimeter-diameter Cu-based bulk metallic glass. Scr. Mater. 54, 1403 (2006).
39.Louzguine, D.V. and Inoue, A.: Nanoparticles with icosahedral symmetry in Cu-based bulk glass former induced by Pd addition. Scr. Mater. 48, 1325 (2003).
40.Louzguine, D.V. and Inoue, A.: Gold as an alloying element promoting formation of a nanoicosahedral phase in a Cu-based alloy. J. Alloys Compd. 361, 153 (2003).
41.Qin, F.X., Zhang, H.F., Ding, B.Z., and Hu, Z.Q.: Nanocrystallization kinetics of Ni-based bulk amorphous alloy. Intermetallics 12, 1197 (2004).
42.Xie, G., Zhang, Q., Louzguine, D.V., Zhang, W., and Inoue, A.: Stability of nanocrystallites dispersed in Cu50Zr45Ti5 metallic glass under electron irradiation. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 3286 (2007).
43.Powder Diffraction Data Database, Vol. 43 (The International Center for Diffraction Database, 2003), p. 1142.
44.Xie, G., Zhang, Q., Louzguine-Luzgin, D.V., Zhang, W., and Inoue, A.: Nanocrystallization of Cu50Zr45Ti5 metallic glass induced by electron irradiation. Mater. Trans. 47, 1930 (2006).
45.Tian, N., Ohnuma, M., Ohkubo, T., and Hono, K.: Primary crystallization of an Al88Gd6Er2Ni4 metallic glass. Mater. Trans. 46, 2880 (2005).
46.Kelton, K.F. and Spaepen, F.: A study of the devitrification of Pd82Si18 over a wide temperature range. Acta Metall. 33, 455 (1985).
47.Li, Z., Shen, H., and He, Y.: Surface crystallization of metallic glass Fe71Ni3Cr4Si8B14. Phys. Status Solidi A 141, 135 (2006).
48.Papageorgiou, D.G. and Evangelakis, G.A.: Adlayer deposition induced surface crystallization of Cu46Zr54 bulk metallic glass. Surf. Sci. 602, 1486 (2008).
49.Grabia, A., Oleszak, D., Kopcewicz, M., and Latuch, J.: Crystallization behaviour of the Fe60Co10Ni10Zr7B13 metallic glass. Mater. Sci. Eng. 449–451, 552 (2007).
50.Kelton, K.F.: Time-dependent nucleation in partitioning transformations. Acta Mater. 48, 1967 (2000).
51.Inoue, A. and Zhang, T.: Fabrication of bulk glassy Zr55Al10-Ni5Cu30 alloy of 30 mm in diameter by a suction casting method. Mater. Trans., JIM 37, 185 (1996).
52.Révész, Á., Concustell, A., Varga, L.K., Suriñach, S., and Baro, M.D.: Influence of the wheel speed on the thermal behaviour of Cu60Zr20Ti20 alloys. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 375–377, 776 (2004).
53.Perepezko, J.H., Hebert, R.J., and Wilde, G.: Synthesis of nano-structures from amorphous and crystalline phases. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 375–377, 171 (2004).
54.Dinda, G.P., Rösner, H., and Wilde, G.: Cold-rolling induced amor-phization in Cu-Zr, Cu-Ti-Zr and Cu-Ti-Zr-Ni multilayers. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 3777 (2007).
55.Illekova, E., Jergel, M., Duhaj, P., and Inoue, A.: The relation between the bulk and ribbon Zr55Ni25Al20 metallic glasses. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 226–228, 388 (1997).
56.Louzguine-Luzgin, D.V., Saito, T., Saida, J., and Inoue, A.: Influence of cooling rate on the structure and properties of a Cu–Zr–Ti–Ag glassy alloy. J. Mater. Res. 23, 515 (2008).
57.Louzguine-Luzgin, D.V., Xie, G., Zhang, W., and Inoue, A.: Influence of Al and Ag on the devitrification behavior of a Cu-Zr glassy alloy. Mater. Trans. 48, 2128 (2007).
58.Xia, L., Li, W.H., Fang, S.S., Wei, B.C., and Dong, Y.D.: Binary Ni-Nb bulk metallic glasses. J. Appl. Phys. 99, 026103 (2006).
59.Tan, H., Zhang, Y., Ma, D., Feng, Y.P., and Li, Y.: Optimum glass formation at off-eutectic composition and its relation to skewed eutectic coupled zone in the La based La-Al-(Cu, Ni) pseudo ternary system. Acta Mater. 51, 4551 (2003).
60.Xia, L., Ding, D., Shan, S.T., and Dong, Y.D.: The glass forming ability of Cu-rich Cu–Hf binary alloys. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 3543 (2006).
61.Wang, W.H.: Roles of minor additions in formation and properties of bulk metallic glasses. Prog. Mater. Sci. 52, 540 (2007).
62.Louzguine-Luzgin, D.V., Setyawan, A.D., Kato, H., and Inoue, A.: Thermal conductivity of an alloy in relation to the observed cooling rate and glass-forming ability. Philos. Mag. 87, 1845 (2007).
63.Louzguine-Luzgin, D.V., Xie, G., Zhang, W., and Inoue, A.: Devitrification behavior and glass-forming ability of Cu-Zr-Ag alloys. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 465, 146 (2007).
64.Oh, J.C., Ohkubo, T., Kim, Y.C., Fleury, E., and Hono, K.: Phase separation in Cu43Zr43Al7Ag7 bulk metallic glass. Scr. Mater. 53, 165 (2005).
65.Park, S.O., Lee, J.C., Cha, P.R., Fleury, E., Ahn, J.P., and Kim, Y.C.: The effect of crystallization behavior on the plasticity of Cu43Zr43Al7Ag7 bulk metallic glass. J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 624 (2006).
66.Kündig, A.A., Ohnuma, M., Ohkubo, T., Abe, T., and Hono, K.: Glass formation and phase separation in the Ag-Cu-Zr system. Scr. Mater. 55, 449 (2006).
67.Martin, I., Ohkubo, T., Ohnuma, M., and Hono, K.: Nanocrystalli-zation of Zr41.2Ti13.8Cu12.5Ni10.0Be22.5 metallic glass. Acta Mater. 52, 4427 (2006).
68.Waseda, Y., Chen, H.S., Jacob, K.T., and Shibata, H.: On the glass forming ability of liquid alloys. Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 9, 023003 (2008).

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Glass-forming ability and differences in the crystallization behavior of ribbons and rods of Cu36Zr48Al8Ag8 bulk glass-forming alloy

  • Dmitri V. Louzguine-Luzgin (a1), Guoqiang Xie, Song Li, Qingsheng Zhang, Wei Zhang, C. Suryanarayana (a2) and Akihisa Inoue (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.